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ITEM 10. INBS – International Network of Black Soils - Yuxin Tong

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Fourth Working Session of the International Network of Soil Information Institutions (INSII)
6-8 November 2018 | FAO HQ – German Room, Rome, Italy

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ITEM 10. INBS – International Network of Black Soils - Yuxin Tong

  1. 1. International Network of Black Soils Yuxin Tong
  2. 2. U S, Mollisols Argentina, Mollisols China, Isohumisols Russia and Ukraine, ChernozemsCanada, Chernozems Black soils are soils that are black in colour with a high soil organic carbon
  3. 3. Black soils constitute an important source of food for many countries and for the world in general, and are often recognized as inherently productive and fertile soils. o The black soils in northeast China account for 103 million ha and produced 1/3 of China’s commodity grain and 1/5 of China’s total grain. o Black soils in United States accounts for 196 million ha, 36.9% of them are using for livestock and crops. o Total area of black soils accounts for 52.6% of arable lands in the Russian Federation. o Black soils in Argentina account for 84 million ha and most of them are used for agriculture.
  4. 4. • Black soils are extensively and intensively farmed (cereal, pasture, range and forage system). • According to various estimates, black soils lost over 20-50% of SOC, and this trend is still ongoing in most black soil countries. • The significant decrease of SOC in black soils contributes to climate change through greenhouse gas emissions from soils especially CO2. Climate changeLong-term experiment in Uruguay Heilongjiang Province of China Mollisols, Illinois, USA
  5. 5.  Black soils remain very sensitive to anthropogenic intervention. They are prone to severe degradation not only on SOC loss, but also on: Guiqing Han; Ivan Vasenev; Miguel Taboada Loss of stable aggregates Salinization or sodification Soil compaction Soil nutrient unbalance Soil biodiversity losses Anthropogenic soil acidity Soil erosion
  6. 6. • Considering the great importance of black soils and their risk of severe degradation, it has become crucial to promote their conservation and sustainable use, • And to unlock their potential in the longer term to support food security while protecting the environment and mitigating climate change. On the basis of recommendation of the FAO’s Global Soil Partnership (GSP) on the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the discussions and decisions from the Global Symposium of Soil Organic Carbon, the International Network of Black Soil (INBS) has been launched in Rome in March 2017. Launch of INBS
  7. 7. Members of INBS Canada USA EU Hungary Russia Slovak Republic Armenia Moldova Ukraine Turkey Iraq Syria Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Mongolia China Argentina Brazil Uruguay Chile Indonesia Morocco Zambia Mozambique WRB
  8. 8. Strategic Objectives 1. Provide a platform for countries with black soils to discuss common issues related to the conservation and sustainable management of these soils; 2. Develop a report on the global status, current production and challenges in black soils; 3. Foster collaboration among these countries towards promoting the sustainable use and management of black soils and identify relevant research gaps; 4. Serve as a platform to incorporate real local challenges for knowledge sharing and technical cooperation on black soil management; 5. Develop governance guidelines aiming at improved black soils protection and sustainable soil productivity;
  9. 9. Global Symposium on Black Soils  The International Symposium on Black Soils & First Plenary of International Network of Black Soils (ISBS18) have been held in Harbin on 10 - 12 September 2018. Outputs: 1. The definition of black soils 2. Working plan of INBS 3. Harbin Communiqué Second Plenary of INBS will hold in Moldova in October 2019
  10. 10. Output 1. The definition of black soils  Black soils, considered the food basket for many countries and for the world, and are often recognized as inherently productive and fertile soils, are broadly defined under the International Network of Black soils as soils having the following core characteristics: • High organic carbon content as per the following: >1.2% for cold and temperate regions >0.6% for tropical and sub tropical regions • Dark to black coloured surface horizons • Thickness of dark to black soil surface horizons not less than 25 cm. With the following complementary characteristics: • A high base saturation >50% • Strong aggregate stability • High level of nutrient content
  11. 11. Output 2. Working plan 1. Complete a delineation of the areas identified as Black Soils according to the criteria adopted at National level; 2. Perform a global assessment of black soils and publish it as a formal report of the Global Soil Partnership; 3. Black Soils Data streamline as part of a monitoring sub-component of the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS); 4. Support implementation the Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management in the areas designated at National level as black soils; 5. Establish a capacity development programme on the management of black soils; 6. Prepare a policy brief on the importance of black soils and advocate for the implementation of binding legislation for the full protection of these soils for future generations; 7. Develop the “Best Available Practice” Knowledge Bank as part of INBS Information System.
  12. 12. Output 3. Harbin Communiqué  The members of the INBS have reached a consensus about a definition of black soils and have signed on a black soil declaration “Harbin Communiqué” in order to facilitate monitoring, mapping and sustainable management of black soils. “Protect black soils, invest in the future”
  13. 13. Why global assessment of black soils? 1. Where are the black soils in the world according to the definition of INBS? 2. What are the status of black soils? 3. How the black soils contribute to global food security and climate change?
  14. 14. Initial Request INBS Concept Paper INBS Focal Points Black Soils Data Preparation Data Collection Endorsement Approval Launch 1th Workshop GSP INSII ITPS Training INSII INSII ITPS GLOSIS Now Procedure
  15. 15. Concept Paper 1. Background • Establishment of INBS • The important of black soils in ensuring food security and on climate change adaptation and mitigation. 2. Why an assessment of black soil is needed? 3. Process • Guidelines, technical specification • Training • Data production • Data collection 4. Launch Review of concept note of global assessment of black soils Draft concept note by end of December 2018 Deadline By April 2019 Review the report, Global Status of Black Soils. Draft the report on August 2019 Deadline By October 2019.

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