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0.Introduction to the SOC map

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http://www.fao.org/global-soil-partnership/resources/events/detail/en/c/878848/

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0.Introduction to the SOC map

  1. 1. Training on “Digital Soil Organic Carbon Mapping: towards the development of national soil organic carbon stock maps” By Lucrezia Caon
  2. 2. Background information: MILESTONES 2012: establishment of the Asian Soil Partnership (Nanjing Communiqué) - Promotion of SSM practices at all levels and in all land use types; - Restoration/rehabilitation of degraded soils with focus on soil erosion, nutrient imbalance, soil acidification, soil salinity and alkalinity, soil pollution, and loss of organic carbon; and - Enhancement of soil information by using state of the art methods of digital soil mapping and advocating for having national soil information systems. 2016: endorsement of the ASP implementation plan by member countries in the region Available at http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/GSP/WSD2016/Teeshirt/RIP__1_.pdf 2015: decision to proceed with the development of a regional implementation plan to address priorities in the region:
  3. 3. Background information: ASP implementation plan 5 Pillars of action: PILLAR 1 SUSTAINABLE SOIL MANAGEMENT PILLAR 2 INVESTMENT, TECH. & SCI. COOPERATION, POLICY, EDUCATION, AWARENESS AND EXTENSION IN SOIL PILLAR 3 RESEARCH PILLAR 4 SOIL DATA AND INFORMATION PILLAR 5 HARMONIZATION
  4. 4. Importance of Pillar 4 in the region • Pillar 4 is viewed to sustainably glue and further strengthen current moves to harmonize soil database and information in the region. • Accurate, timely and reliable soil information for research, decision making, and policy formulation contribute to food security and provides appropriate response to global environmental issues • Cooperation and technical exchange improves relations and capacity to respond of the respective soil information institution to the issues at hand.
  5. 5. Priorities of the Asian region in relation to Pillar 4 • Sharing and transferring soil knowledge and new technology within and beyond the region • Providing soil information to all those with an interest in sustainable land resources • Building consistent and updated soil information systems • Training new generation of experts in soil science and land management
  6. 6. OUTCOME ACTIVITIES OUTPUTS Soil information systems of majority of ASP members established and updated (involves Pillar 4 products: polygon maps, soil profiles, grids for SoilSTAT) 4.1.1 All ASP countries establish national soil information systems and representative databases National Soil Information System (legacy data and continuing inventories; may require additional manuals/support through technical cooperation) 4.1.2 Contribute to filling national and global knowledge gaps about the distribution of soil carbon and its impact on climate change National Soil Organic Carbon Map based on GSP Guideline 4.1.3 Harmonize the various national soil polygon maps of Asia based on GSP agreed classification system Soil Atlas of Asia Soil data sharing policy agreed and Asian soil portal established 4.2.1 Adopt the Open Data Policy and Ethics espoused by GSP ASP Open Data Policy 4.2.2 ASP members transform their data into web services and provide it as discovery and download services National soil information institution’s homepage with subpage on Soil Information System and Map Portal 4.2.3 Establish the Asian Soil Partnership Portal Asian Soil Partnership Homepage Soil status monitoring system conceptualized and initially tested by economically advanced members 4.3.1 Select soil benchmark data for soil description and land degradation monitoring purposes based on proposals by site selection in each ASP member country and evaluated using pedo-transfer functions or other models to develop spatial layers for soil indicators Number of sites established for monitoring National indicator data sets for SoilSTAT 4.3.2 Prototype national soil monitoring established with shared processed data SoilSTAT at Asian Soil Partnership Homepage Geo-spatial data management capacity of member soil information institutions enhanced 4.4.1 Training on soil survey, classification and mapping for national soil institute without national soil map National Soil Map of Bhutan 4.4.2 Training on soil organic carbon mapping 1 regional training 4.4.3 Training on soil grid production 2 regional trainings
  7. 7. Why Soil Organic Carbon? The 25th Committee of Agriculture - COAG (FAO, Rome, 26-30 September 2016) and the 155th FAO Council (5-9 December 2016), assigned to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) of FAO the task to prepare the Global Soil Organic Carbon Map (GSOC) by 5 December 2017.
  8. 8. The GSOC map will support countries in reporting on SDG 15.3.1 on land degradation. Global Soil Organic Carbon Map (GSOC) How will the map be developed? Through support and involvement of FAO member countries: bottom-up approach. Every country develops its own map under agreed specifications.
  9. 9. National SOC map exists YesNo GSP specifications are fulfilled Yes No recalculate Product accomplished: deliver to GSP secretariat Produce new map with own capacity Compile national SOC measurements Yes No Share national SOC data with GSP secretariat to organise the uscaling to 1 km grid Yes 1 2 3 Country-driven approach
  10. 10. The GSOC as part of GLOSIS The 25th Committee of Agriculture - COAG (FAO, Rome, 26-30 September 2016) and the 155th FAO Council (5-9 December 2016), also assigned to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) of FAO the task to establish the Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) 3 primary functions: - Answer critical questions at the global scale - Provide the global context for more local decisions - Supply fundamental data sets for understanding Earth system processes GSP Pillar 4 Implementation Plan at http://www.fao.org/3/a-bl102e.pdf
  11. 11. The Global Soil Information System (GLOSIS) - It is based on soil data sets provided by national and other institutional soil information institutions according to product specifications developed by the network of International Soil Information Institutions (INSII) - Data will be provided according to own national and institutional terms, minimizing centralized components - The design of the system is based on published standards for the exchange of digital spatial data, and follows the architectural principles of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) - A Global Soils Spatial Data Infrastructure Centre (GSSDIC) will serve important elements of the spatial data infrastructure, together with FAO via SoilSTAT. - Implementation of GLOSIS should include a training program to develop a new generation of specialists in mapping, monitoring and forecasting of soil condition, with an emphasis on countries where improved soil knowledge is essential food security and restoration and maintenance of ecosystem services.
  12. 12. Let’s start… This training was organized by Mr. Yusuf Yigini (leading trainer, FAO) Mr. Ate Poortinga (trainer, SERVIR-Mekong) Ms. Lucrezia Caon (supporting trainer, FAO)

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