Fortalecimiento de Capacidades en Ganadería Sostenible: Experiencia de Brasil


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Eduardo Brito - Roundtable on Sustainable Beef Production, Brasil
Presentación otorgada durante la XII Reunión de la CODEGALAC: "Fortalecimiento de capacidades para la reduccion de riesgos sanitarios, ambientales y productivos del sector pecuario, y su contribución a la seguridad alimentaria en los paises del Cono Sur y la Region Andina". 6 al 8 de Noviembre de 2012, Asunción, Paraguay.

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Fortalecimiento de Capacidades en Ganadería Sostenible: Experiencia de Brasil

  1. 1. Brazilian Roundtable on Sustainable LivestockMesa Redonda de la Ganadería Sostenible DRAFT
  2. 2. Land Use in Brazil 2011 554 milllion ha of native vegetation 107 million ha of Conservation Units 103.5 million ha of Indigenous Land Settlements 274 million ha of native vegetation in private properties (PPAs riparian and hills + Legal Reserve) 69.5 native remaining vegetation in PPAs 60 million ha of productive land (crops fruits, and planted forest) 38 million ha of urbanization and other uses 198 million ha of pastureland Sources: Minister of Environment- MMA; IBGE – PAM (2010) and Agricultural Census (2006); INPE – TerraClass; Agricultural Land Use and Expansion Model Brazil - AgLUE-BR (Gerd Sparovek, ESALQ-USP). Notes: 1) The data on Conservation Units exclude the areas called Environmental Protection Areas (APAs); 2) The PPAs data include natural vegetation along rivers, hills and top of hills; 3) The data for other natural vegetation areas include Quilombola´s areas, public forests non settled and other remaining natural vegetation areas DRAFT
  3. 3. WHO WE ARE• set up in late 2007, formally constituted in June 2009;• made up of representatives from different segments from the value chain;• debates and formulates principles, standards and common practices tobe adopted by the sector which contribute to the development ofsustainable beef production in the triple bottom line;• members of the RT plan to be proactive given these challenges, leadingdialogue and creating agreements to work towards sustainable cattlefarming, aware of the social and environmental responsibility held by allthose involved ;• committed to zero deforestation, with the creation of the conditionsand forms of compensation to make it viable.
  4. 4. BRSL Principles1. Continuous improvement for sustainability2. Transparency and ethics3. Good agricultural and livesctock management practices4. Legal compliance
  5. 5. BRSL Principles4. Legal complianceMembers of BRSL are commited and contribute to the attendanceof the Brazilian legislation and other international agreementswhere Brazil takes part.Exclusion Criteria:I. Register of all workers according to the Brazilian Labor LegislationII. Working conditons according to the Brazilian Labor LegislationIII. Compliance with the Brazilian Legislation for atmospheric emissions, solid waste and manureIV. Indigenous Lands and Conservation UnitsV. Illegal deforestationVI. Illegal burnings
  6. 6. MEMBERS (35)PRODUCERS (7) FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (3) ABPO - Associação Brasileira de Pecuária Orgânica  IFC ACRIMAT - Associação dos Criadores de Mato Grosso  Rabobank Brasil Associação dos Pequenos Produtores de Novo Santo  SantanderAntônio ASSOCON – Associação Nacional dos Confinadores CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION AND FAMASUL – Federação da Agricultura do Estado de MS RESEARCHERS (9) Fazenda Nossa Senhora das Graças  Aliança da TerraACRIOESTE  ARES – Instituto para o Agronegócio Responsável  APPS – Associação dos Profissionais de PecuáriaINDUSTRY (4) Sustentável ABIEC  IMAFLORA - Instituto de Manejo e CertificaçãoJBS Florestal e Agrícola Marfrig  IPAM – Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia Minerva  NWF - National Wildlife Federation  The Nature ConservancyRETAIL & SERVICES (10)  WWF Brasil Allflex  Solidaridad Carrefour Dow Agro Sciences GOVERNMENT (2) IBD Certificações  MMA – Environmental Ministry MSD Saúde Animal  SAE – Secretaria de Assuntos Estratégicos da Pão de Açucar Presidência da República Stoller Wal Mart Syngenta Mc Donald’s
  7. 7. OBSERVERS (30) FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (5)  Banco da AmazôniaPRODUCERS (2)  Banco do BrasilAndre Bartocci  BNDES Associação dos Criadores de Nelore do Brasil  Bradesco  Itaú UnibancoINDUSTRY (5)  ING Bank N.V Gelita BRF-Brasil Foods CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION & RESEARCH Brazilian Leather – CICB INSTITUTIONS (11) Keystone Foods  CEPPHOR – UnB Premix  FAEG  Forest Footprint DisclosureRETAIL & SERVICES (7) Funbio Agripoint (Beefpoint) FGV Arcos Dorados ISA – Instituto Socioambiental AgroBras Consult  ICV – Instituto Centro da Vida Agrosuisse  Imaflora DNV – Det Norske Veritas Núcleo de Economia Agrícola (Unicamp) North Trade  PENSA Agrotools Universidade Federal de Viçosa Embrapa Pantanal GOVERNMENT (1) Embaixada Países Baixos
  9. 9. GOVERNANCE General Assembly Corporate Fiscal Board Board of Directors Communication Chamber Mediation Working Executive Government Committee Groups Committee Affairs (Temporary) Economic Executive Technical Dissemination Incentives Coordinator Commission Commission Commission Executive Secretary DRAFT
  10. 10. GOVERNANCEExecutive Committee President Eduardo Bastos (Dow) Vice President Maurício Campiolo (Acrimat) Treasurer Fernando Sampaio (ABIEC)
  11. 11. GOVERNANCEBoard FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONSPRODUCERS  IFC – Deborah BatistaACRIMAT – Maurício Campiolo  Santander – Christopher Wells ABPO – Leonardo Leite de Barros  Rabobank – Daniela Mariuzzo FAMASUL – Eduardo Riedel CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATION ANDINDUSTRY RESEARCHERS• JBS – Márcio Nappo  Aliança da Terra – Marcos Reis Marfrig – Mathias Almeida  TNC – Miguel CalmonABIEC – Fernando Sampaio  WWF Brasil – Cássio MoreiraRETAIL & SERVICESDow – Eduardo BastosPão de Açúcar – Paulo Pompílio Wal Mart – Felipe Antunes
  12. 12. GOVERNANCE Working Groups Technical Economic Incentives DisseminationTo find technical alternatives for To finance the development of To disseminate solutions:better efficiency in: sustainable production •Scientific knowledge management –•Pasture and land conservation • Improving Credit Management for (e.g.: Sustainable Cattle Farming•Nutrition sustainable cattle farming, reducing the Guide)•Health demands in processes and making financial•Genetics management of rural businesses one of the •Reorganization of education and•Welfare requirements for credit to be approved training and the creation of•Traceability demonstration units•Management •Promoting environmental and agrarian•Agreement to legislation upgrading of farms, creating social and •Adoption of at least two model farms environmental incentives such as paying for (public and private) to be benchmarksTo define performance indicators environmental services in sustainable production •Development of public policy on long-term •Improvement of communications financing for sustainable cattle farming and with the media and better articulation the training of financial agents for this between representative bodies in the differentiated credit to be approved sector DRAFT
  13. 13. STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS • Work locally and globally aligned with GRSB • Starting points DRAFT
  14. 14. National Climate Change Policy(PNMC) DECREE No 7,390, DECEMBER 9, 2010 Regulates articles 6, 11 and 12 of Law no 12,187, of December 29, 2009, which establishes the National Climate Change Policy – PNMC – and takes other measures. THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC, in the use of the powers conferred on him by article 84, subsection IV, of the Constitution, and considering the provision in articles 6, 11 and 12 of Law no 12,187, of December 29, 2009, DECREEES: Article 5. The forecast for national greenhouse gas emissions for the year 2020 in the sole paragraph of article 12 of Law no 12,187, 2009, is 3.236 billion tonCO2eq according to the methodological detailing described in the Annex to this Decree, composed of the forecast for the following sectors: I – Change in Land Use: 1.404 billion tonCO2eq II - Energy: 868 million tonCO2eq III – Livestock farming: 730 million tonCO2eq, and IV – Industrial Processes and Waste Treatment: 234 million tonCO2eq Article 6 § 1 To comply with the provision in the main section, the following action contained in the plans referred to in article 3 of this Decree will initially be considered: IV – recovery of 15 million hectares of degraded pastureland; DRAFT
  15. 15. Brazilian Government Recognition Reduce in 39% the CO2 eq. emissions• Recover 15 MM ha of degraded pasturelands (up to 2020)• Reduce in 83 up to 104 MM t of CO2 eq.• Aprox. U$ 2 billion to invest (June to July)• R$ 1 MM per rancher (5,5% interest rates/y)
  16. 16. Protocol of Intentions On the 4th of May 2012, GTPS signed a Protocol of Intentions with the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture to cooperate with the Federal Government to achieve the goal of restoring 15 million ha of degraded pastures. DRAFT
  17. 17. Our Projects – 2013 - 2015STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPSFocus: Promote Pasture Restoration Submitted - Waiting approval  Project MT (MAPA / MMA / EMBRAPA / SAE)  FSP (Farmer Support Program) – MS, RO, BA + MT, PA Others - Under discussion  Environmental Ministry - Technical Cooperation Agreement to promote environmental regularization  Traceability Pilot - MT DRAFT
  18. 18. A PROJECT TO PUT IN PLACE 1. Close the efficiency gap and promote pasture restoration by increasing the use of technology in livestock production 2. Increase the use of technology by building capacity in multiplier agents (public outreachers) DRAFT
  19. 19. A PROJECT TO PUT INPLACE • Access to private technical assistance+Efficiency • Not assisted- • Focus more social / public policy DRAFT
  20. 20. STEP 1: livestock guide• Technical reference guide o• Information on HOW TO DO IT: pasture formation, pasture management, pasture restoration, nutrition, health, welfare, good practices, genetics, financial management…• Accessible language• Targeted on low profile farmers DRAFT
  21. 21. STEP 2: choose focus areasAreas where livestock is :• Viable• Important• No alternative use• Near environmentally pressured areas DRAFT
  22. 22. STEP 3: establishpartnerships• To find local multiplier agents (public rural outreachers)• To arrange infra-structure for training and extension program• To propose incentives to the participation in the program DRAFT
  23. 23. DRAFT
  24. 24. STEP 4: theoretical trainingprogram• Coach’s: multidisciplinary team from specialized consulting firms in livestock• Trainees: public outreachers• To make decisions on: 1. to diagnose 2. to make a decision of which technical alternative to apply
  25. 25. DRAFT
  26. 26. STEP 5: Identifying ademonstration unity• Trainees will convince at least 3 or more farms in the region to become demonstration units (DU)• Farms with the same average productivity and technological level in the region DRAFT
  27. 27. STEP 6: Practical training• Coachs will follow the Trainees on the field, applying to the chosen Demonstration Units the acquired knowledge• Scheduled visits for 1 or 2 years• Prizes and incentives to the Trainees and DU with best results DRAFT
  28. 28. STEP 7: Dissemination• Choosing Demonstration Units with the best measurable results• Intensify Open Days and Conferences• Use Trainees as new coaches and panelists DRAFT
  29. 29. STEP 8: Exchange groups• Each trainee will from groups of 10 producers and stimulates visits and meetings in each others farms• Exchange of experiences, challenges and solutions• Coaches will be together in the groups every 3 months DRAFT
  30. 30. Schedule DRAFT
  31. 31. DRAFT
  32. 32. THANK YOU Eduardo Bastos – President DRAFT