Antonieta Surawski (FAO) - Building governance for food and nutrition security

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Presentación realizada en el "Diálogo regional en hambre, inseguridad alimentaria y malnutrición en el Caribe: Desafíos en derecho a la alimentación y gobernanza", evento que se llevó a cabo en Antigua y Barbuda el 1 y 2 de agosto de 2013.

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Antonieta Surawski (FAO) - Building governance for food and nutrition security

  1. 1. REGIONAL DIALOGUE ON FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY IN THE CARIBBEAN building governance for food and nutrition security ANTONIETA SURAWSKI ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA AUGUST 1 and 2, 2013
  2. 2.  Why is FAO talking about governance?  What is FAO’s commitment to governance?  What is governance for FAO?  How does FAO approach governance?  What is FAO’s experience in building governance?
  3. 3. 1. WHY IS FAO TALKING ABOUT GOVERNANCE?  Background and context  Commitments and resources: something is not working  Recognition of political and social factors to achieve FNS  Focus on governance and human rights approach
  4. 4. 2.a WHAT IS FAO’S COMMITMENT TO GOVERNANCE?  FAO has reformulated its vision through five new strategic objectives, all of which address governance at the sectoral level or from an FNS approach  The first strategic objective is to “contribute to the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition” with focus on improving governance for FNS ◦ Political commitment of countries through PFH formed, strengthened and articulated with civil society (legislation, work at supranational level) ◦ Development of FNS initiatives through regional integration bodies (CARICOM, UNASUR, SICA, CAN) in articulation with CELAC and CFS ◦ Countries are better prepared to address the intersectoral nature of FNS through alliances, partnerships and south-south cooperation
  5. 5. 2.a WHAT IS FAO’S COMMITMENT TO GOVERNANCE?  Restructured Committee on Food Security  Theoretical and operational development of Right to Food and its realization  Resources are being oriented to working with countries in governance and political issues around FNS; to promote the participation of civil society and different stakeholder groups in FNS processes
  6. 6. 3.a WHAT IS GOVERNANCE FOR FAO?  What are governance issues?  Governance at the national, regional, global levels  Evolution of the concept of governance - Governance for FNS refers to “formal and informal rules, organizations, and processes through which public and private actors articulate their interests and make and implement decisions at the local, national, regional, global levels”
  7. 7. 3.b WHAT IS GOVERNANCE FOR FAO?  Sector level governance and governance for FNS ◦ Refinement of the concept at the sector level ◦ Sector governance is required for FNS governance  Governance and human rights ◦ development objective or process ◦ Normative vs action-guiding tool
  8. 8. 4.a HOW DOES FAO APPROACH GOVERNANCE?  No one model of governance  No one operational definition BUT we still need  An analytical framework for understanding the context, give guidance to diagnose, assess, monitor governance for FNS in a specific country context
  9. 9. 4.b HOW DOES FAO APPROACH GOVERNANCE?  Do not look for an ideal state of governance FOCUS ON CONTEXT:  Understand current reality of governance for food security (gaps, opportunities)  Identify and analyze actors/ interests
  10. 10. 4.d HOW DOES FAO APPROACH GOVERNANCE?  Governance matters….but the main goal is to improve food and nutrition security  Cross cutting dimensions or principles should be defined/qualified by each country and put in perspective  Lack of evidence on which governance principles/dimensions lead to better FNS outcomes IN WHICH GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLE SHOULD WE INVEST?
  11. 11. 4.e HOW DOES FAO APPROACH GOVERNANCE?  Learn from analytical work which principles lead to increased food security  Go from anecdotal evidence to solid knowledge  Get a feel for the weight of governance principles
  12. 12. 5.a WHAT IS FAO’S EXPERIENCE IN BUILDING GOVERNANCE?  Hunger-Free Latin America and the Caribbean Initiative A common goal for the countries in the region Reaffirmed at the FAO Regional Conference in 2012 Regional outcomes relate to political and social aspects of FNS
  13. 13. 5.b WHAT IS FAO’S EXPERIENCE IN BUILDING GOVERNANCE?  What does the HFLAC Initiative pursue?  Countries to reaffirm their political commitment to eradicate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition Parliamentary Front Against Hunger for legal frameworks and budget allocation FPH consolidated in the framework of supranational parliamentary structures (PARLATINO)  Stronger dialogue between governments, parliamentarians, civil society, dev. Partners  Countries improve institutions, strategies and programmes to address the intersectoral nature of FNS through alliances and partnerships
  14. 14. AN OPPORTUNITY TO MOVE FORTH TOWARDS FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY IN THE CARIBBEAN  The Caribbean region and Member States have made a commitment to improve FNS  Regional FNS Policy and Action Plan based on RtoF  National policies and action plans  FAO is committed to addressing political and social aspects of FNS through its renewed vision and goals – focus on governance  Experience in strengthening governance in the rest of the LAC region: lessons to share and knowledge to build upon
  15. 15. AN OPPORTUNITY TO MOVE FORTH TOWARDS FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY IN THE CARIBBEAN ALL OF YOU ARE HERE TOGETHER!!! THANK YOU

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