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Desert Locust                        economics                            A CASE STUDY: 2003-2005Keith CressmanSenior Locu...
1,100     =                                         35,000                                          20                    ...
35,000                                                      20                     a 1 km2 Desert Locust swarm            ...
PARIS                        38 million/day                        France/2 days        NEW YORK CITY                     ...
Control ops in 23 countries                         October 2003 - November 2005         Israel     Lebanon      Ethiopia ...
Emergency funding delay       US$ million100                                               FAO appeal                     ...
$13 - 200   control / ha           millions spent by320 + 80   affected countries + FAO/donors    100    millions spent on ...
8.4 millionpeople affected in West Africa80-100 %           cereal loss  85-90 %          legume loss  33-85 %          pas...
Debthousehold heads became indebted    60 %      mauritania    45 %      mali    33 %      burkina faso
$90 millionfood aid in West Africa, 2004  90 %       burkina faso  75 %       mali  65 %       mauritania households recei...
$1 MILLION             SAVES           $100 MILLION Million                                       $100M$100               ...
$ 570 MILLION     CONTROL OPERATIONS                  (2003-2005)$ 3.3 MILLION     ANNUAL COST                  PREVENTIVE...
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Desert Locust economics: 2003-05 case study

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A brief overview of the economic impact of Desert Locust in W and NW Africa, 2003-05 compared to preventive control

Published in: Travel, News & Politics
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Desert Locust economics: 2003-05 case study

  1. 1. Desert Locust economics A CASE STUDY: 2003-2005Keith CressmanSenior Locust Forecasting OfficerFAO, Rome
  2. 2. 1,100 = 35,000 20 6a1 km2 Desert Locust swarmeats the same food in 1 day as ...
  3. 3. 35,000 20 a 1 km2 Desert Locust swarm eats the same food in 1 day as ... 6 8.5 million half the populationa swarm the size of Niamey (or Bamako) of Nigerconsumes the same amount of food in 1 day as ... (or Mali)
  4. 4. PARIS 38 million/day France/2 days NEW YORK CITY 42 million/day USA/1 week SYDNEY 422 million/day Australia/1.5 hours
  5. 5. Control ops in 23 countries October 2003 - November 2005 Israel Lebanon Ethiopia Cyprus Cape Verde JordanGuinea Bissau 13 million hectares Gambia Eritrea Chad Guinea Burkina Faso Sudan Tunisia Egypt Saudi Arabia Libya Niger Mali Senegal Mauritania Algeria Morocco 0 1,250,000 2,500,000 3,750,000 5,000,000 ha
  6. 6. Emergency funding delay US$ million100 FAO appeal $74.8m75 4 months 5050 funds received25 7 months 9 FAO TCP 0 Jan Apr Jul Oct Jan Apr 2004 2005
  7. 7. $13 - 200 control / ha millions spent by320 + 80 affected countries + FAO/donors 100 millions spent on food aid
  8. 8. 8.4 millionpeople affected in West Africa80-100 % cereal loss 85-90 % legume loss 33-85 % pasture loss
  9. 9. Debthousehold heads became indebted 60 % mauritania 45 % mali 33 % burkina faso
  10. 10. $90 millionfood aid in West Africa, 2004 90 % burkina faso 75 % mali 65 % mauritania households receiving aid
  11. 11. $1 MILLION SAVES $100 MILLION Million $100M$100 after 12 months 80 $50M after 60 10 months $10M after 40 $5M 7 months $1M after 4 months THE LAST PLAGUE after 20 1 month IN WEST AFRICA Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug 2003 2004
  12. 12. $ 570 MILLION CONTROL OPERATIONS (2003-2005)$ 3.3 MILLION ANNUAL COST PREVENTIVE CONTROL (10 COUNTRIES W+NW AFRICA)170 YEARS OF PREVENTIVE CONTROL

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