- See more at: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#sthash.rOowwRWZ.dpuf
Creative Commons is a non-profit corporation set up in 2001 for the purpose of producing simple yet robust licences for creative works. These licences give the creators of such works finer-grained control over how they may be used than simply declaring them public domain or reserving all rights. As well as the legal text, the licences all have quick clear summaries and a canonical URL for use in HTML, RDF and other code. A rights expression language is also provided for use with RDF. While originally aimed at works such as music, images and video, Creative Commons licences have been used widely for most forms of original content, including data. - See more at: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#sthash.rOowwRWZ.dpuf
Using CC0, you can waive all copyrights and related or neighboring rights that you have over your work, such as your moral rights (to the extent waivable), your publicity or privacy rights, rights you have protecting against unfair competition, and database rights and rights protecting the extraction, dissemination and reuse of data.
Ball, A. (2014). ‘How to License Research Data’. DCC How-to Guides. Edinburgh: Digital Curation Centre. Available online: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides See more at: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/how-guides/license-research-data#sthash.SYgkXGAO.dpuf
Licensing, Citation and Sustainability.
The University of Manchester, UK
legal rights (IPRs) from intellectual activity in the
industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields
Protects ‘new’ ideas and has an ‘inventive step’ that is not obvious to
someone who works in the subject area
Protection of a tangible manifestation of an idea;
e.g. a book or source/object code
An agreement or permission that grants a right to use .
often in the form of a contract
• Governs exploitation rights
• ‘found it on the internet so I can use it’
• No license worse than a restrictive license
• If you are an employee you likely don’t own it
• Often if you want to exploit the University will
come to some kind of agreement
• Legal owners vs. Moral owners
• ‘Publish or Perish’
• Impact vs. making money
• Hard to optimise for both
• Governs the permission you are granting to
others in regards to source code or object code
you hold the Copyright on:
– Are you allowed to use it?
– Are you allowed to copy it?
– Are you allowed to resell it?
– Are you allowed to change it?
– Are you allowed to distribute it?
– Who is liable if something goes wrong?
– What about Patents ?
Software and Data Licenses
Types of licenses
• Closed (“Proprietary”)
• Restricted (“Academic” /
• Open source license
• Public domain / CC0
• Informal license
• No license
• Larger works comprising
code with different
• Assets made available
under more than one
license (“dual licensing”)
• Copyright holders can re-
license as they own the IP
– the licensor must be given due credit for the work when it is
distributed, displayed, performed, or used to derive a new
– any new works derived from the licensed one must be released
under the same license, and only that licence.
• non-commercial licence
– to prevent the licensee from exploiting the work commercially.
• Multiple and dual licensing
– alternative licence allows commercial uses but requires
payment to the licensor.
Apache License 2.0
BSD 3-Clause "New" or "Revised" license
BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" or "FreeBSD" license
GNU General Public License (GPL)
GNU Library or "Lesser" General Public License (LGPL)
Mozilla Public License 2.0
Common Development and Distribution License
Eclipse Public License
Open Source Licenses
Check conditions for distribution
Proprietary Software Licenses
Special terms and conditions for distribution
• Creative Commons
• Open Data Commons
• Open/Non-Commercial Government Licence
• Public domain
– most permissive way of releasing data
Standard Data licences
• Commercial support
• Community support
• Government support
• National support
• Cloud support
• Import and export
• Research objects
Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification: Criteria and Checklist
Crediting the Resource
to help sustain it….
Geraint Duck, Goran Nenadic, Andy Brass, David L. Robertson, Robert Stevens: Extracting patterns of database
and software usage from the bioinformatics literature. Bioinformatics 30(17): 601-608 (2014)
Senay Kafkas, Jee-Hyub Kim, Xingjun Pi, Johanna R. McEntyre:
Database citation in supplementary data linked to Europe PubMed Central full text biomedical articles. J.
Biomedical Semantics 6: 1 (2015)
• OSSWatch – oss-watch.ac.uk – opensource advice
• GNU – all things Copyleft – www.gnu.org
response - contemporary issues in open sourcing research code
• http://producingoss.com/ - about open development
• Software Freedom Law Centre - https://www.softwarefreedom.org/ - legal
defense of Copyleft
• https://www.gov.uk/guidance/lambert-toolkit - wider IP sharing with industry