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Materials I - BSCI 2300

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Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. F09POUR BSCI 2300 Materials I
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Define + What it’s doing: It is a type of paper that blocks air flow, so you don’t leak air out of the house. It’s also backup waterproofing for the siding. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation (2) <ul><li>Why it’s Needed? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Because the HVAC system does not usually run through the attic, the ventilation allows the attic to be at a average temperature and let fresh air circulate. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Soffit Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Ridge Vent </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Gable Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Turbine </li></ul>
  6. 6. Backhoe <ul><li>DEFINE: Equipment with 4 tires that has a digging arm attached to the front. </li></ul><ul><li>Bucket Width 22.5” </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment is used for excavating job sites </li></ul>
  7. 7. Batter Boards
  8. 8. Batter Boards <ul><li>Batter boards are temporary framing built on the outside corners that mark the boundaries of a structure and create a level line for it. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arches <ul><li>Brick Arch #1 </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Arch </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Brick Arch #2 </li></ul><ul><li>Gothic Arch </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Roman Brick Arch With Keystone </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Centering </li></ul>Define: Temporary framework for a arch that allows you to place the bricks before entering the keystone
  13. 13. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Running Bond </li></ul><ul><li>It is all rows of stretcher bricks </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Common Bond </li></ul><ul><li>A few rows of stretchers, one row of headers, a few rows of stretchers (REPEAT) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Rowlocks </li></ul><ul><li>Headers </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Sailors </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Stretcher Rowlocks (Shiners) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Modular Brick </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements: </li></ul><ul><li>3.5” x 2.25” x 7.625” </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Utility Brick </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements </li></ul><ul><li>3.625” x 3.625” x 11.625” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Bulldozer <ul><li>Define: Earth moving equipment with a plated front to push the soil </li></ul><ul><li>What it’s used for: to push soil, leveling out soil for a slab </li></ul>
  21. 21. Cladding <ul><li>Brick </li></ul><ul><li>EIFS </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Stretcher Double Course </li></ul><ul><li>2 small for every 1 big stone pattern </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Wood Board Clad </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Wood Shake Cladding </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Wood Shake Definition: A single split block of wood </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Shingle Definition: A small unit of water resistant material installed in an overlapping fashion with many other units to render the wall tight </li></ul>
  26. 26. Code Requirements <ul><li>Egress Window: </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements: </li></ul><ul><li>Window - 2.5’ x 5’; 12.5 SQF Area, and it is 2.5’ AFF </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>IBC Requirements for Egress Window: Min opening of 5.7 SQF, Min Height of 2’, Min Width of 1.33’, and less than or equal to 3.66’ sill height AFF </li></ul><ul><li>Does it meet the requirements? </li></ul><ul><li>YES </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Stair </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements: </li></ul><ul><li>Tread: 11 1/8” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser: 7 7/16” </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>IBC CODE </li></ul><ul><li>Riser: 7 - 3/4” Max (no more than 3/8” deveation) </li></ul><ul><li>Tread: 11” min depth </li></ul><ul><li>Meets code? </li></ul><ul><li>YES </li></ul>
  30. 30. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint </li></ul><ul><li>Crack </li></ul><ul><li>Define: Intentional joint in a slab designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur. In effect, minimizing cracking in the slab. </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Isolation Joint </li></ul><ul><li>Define: joint that relieves flexural stresses due to the vertical movement of slab on grade applications that adjoin fixed foundations elements such as columns, building, or machinery foundations. </li></ul><ul><li>Isolating the slab from the column </li></ul>
  32. 32. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>1 CMU = 3 Brick Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Define: block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick stone; a concrete block. </li></ul><ul><li>Typical Dimensions: </li></ul><ul><li>7 5/8” x 15 5/8” </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>2 Different Size CMU </li></ul><ul><li>4” </li></ul><ul><li>12” </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Split Block CMU </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbed </li></ul><ul><li>Block CMU </li></ul>
  35. 35. Doors <ul><li>Exterior Flush Door </li></ul>
  36. 36. Exterior Panel Door Stile Top Rail Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  37. 37. <ul><li>Transom </li></ul><ul><li>Define: a window directly above the door letting light in </li></ul><ul><li>Sidelight </li></ul><ul><li>Define: a tall, narrow window beside the door </li></ul>
  38. 38. Electrical Components <ul><li>Underground Transformer Box </li></ul><ul><li>It’s Function: </li></ul><ul><li>To drop down the voltage being sent into the neighborhood. </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Service Head </li></ul><ul><li>It’s Function: Protects the electrical wires as they enter the house </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Meter </li></ul><ul><li>It’s Function: </li></ul><ul><li>To measure the amount of electricity being used in a residence. </li></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Service Panel </li></ul><ul><li>It’s Function: </li></ul><ul><li>To control the flow of electric. It has breakers that shut off electric if a surge is identified. </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Duplex Receptacle </li></ul><ul><li>What it’s used for: A outlet to plug in electrical devices. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Framing Elements <ul><li>(#1) Anchor Bolt </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>(#2) Sill Plate </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><li>(#3) Floor Joist </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>(#4) Sub flooring </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>(#5) Sole Plate </li></ul><ul><li>(#6) Stud </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>(#7) Top Plate </li></ul><ul><li>(#8) Ceiling Joist </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>(#9) Rafter </li></ul><ul><li>(#10) Roof Decking </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>(#11) Sheathing </li></ul><ul><li>(#12) Stringer </li></ul>
  51. 51. Front End Loader <ul><li>Front End Loader </li></ul><ul><li>Define: a piece of earth moving equipment that scoops or loads soil with it’s bucket </li></ul><ul><li>It differs from a bulldozer because it runs on wheels instead of a track, and a backhoe because it doesn’t have a bucket on the front </li></ul>
  52. 52. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Gypsum Board </li></ul><ul><li>Define: interior facing panel made of a gypsum core between two faces of paper </li></ul>
  53. 53. Heat Pump <ul><li>Advantage of Heat Pump: Saving energy so that you can generate lower energy bills </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage of Heat Pump: In very cold climates a backup system may be needed to effectively heat a building. </li></ul>
  54. 54. <ul><li>Compressor </li></ul><ul><li>What It’s Doing: </li></ul><ul><li>The working fluid, in its gaseous state, is pressurized and circulated through the system as a liquid. </li></ul>
  55. 55. <ul><li>Air Handling Unit </li></ul><ul><li>What It’s Doing: </li></ul><ul><li>Conditioning and circulating air that is temperature controlled. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Insulation <ul><li>The Purpose of Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. </li></ul>
  57. 57. <ul><li>Batt Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Loose Fill Insulation </li></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><li>Foamed Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid Board Insulation </li></ul>
  59. 59. Lintel <ul><li>Definition : </li></ul><ul><li>a horizontal beam used in the construction of buildings, and is a major architectural contribution of ancient Greece. It usually supports the masonry above a window or door opening. </li></ul>Picture on next slide
  60. 60. <ul><li>Lintel </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight </li></ul>
  61. 61. Mortar <ul><li>#1 Extruded Mortar Joint </li></ul><ul><li>Neither tooled nor Trowled </li></ul><ul><li>3/8” joint </li></ul><ul><li>The building is a house (residential) </li></ul><ul><li>Probably type N mortar </li></ul>
  62. 62. Mortar <ul><li>#2 Concave Mortar Joint </li></ul><ul><li>Tooled </li></ul><ul><li>3/8” joint </li></ul><ul><li>Education Building (Dudley hall)/Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>Probably type N mortar </li></ul>
  63. 63. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>OSB </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: a building panel composed of shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. It is a non- veneered panel. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory </li></ul><ul><li>Pipe Size Required: 1.5” </li></ul>
  65. 65. <ul><li>Water Closet </li></ul><ul><li>Pipe size Required: 3” </li></ul>
  66. 66. <ul><li>Manufactured Tub set in framing prior to gypsum board being applied </li></ul>
  67. 67. <ul><li>Plumbing Roof Vent </li></ul><ul><li>What It’s Doing: </li></ul><ul><li>Releasing the sewer Gas into the air and freely allowing the drain system to vent itself. </li></ul>
  68. 68. <ul><li>Kitchen Sink installed in a countertop </li></ul><ul><li>What kind is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Under mount </li></ul>
  69. 69. Plywood <ul><li>Define : a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer Definition: a thin layer, sheet, or facing. </li></ul>
  70. 70. <ul><li>Veneer Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>A thin covering over another surface </li></ul>
  71. 71. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>What it’s doing & Define *** </li></ul>Define and what it’s doing: A Reflective surface that repels radiation away from the house. In effect, cooling it. It is foil like material.
  72. 72. Rebar <ul><li>Rebar </li></ul><ul><li>Gage: #5 </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 5/8” </li></ul><ul><li>Deformations are to help bond with the concrete </li></ul>
  73. 73. Step Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter </li></ul><ul><li>Define: A metal pan that stretches the linear length of the outside of the roof at the eave. </li></ul><ul><li>What it does: It catches rainwater from flying off the roof </li></ul>
  74. 74. <ul><li>Downspout </li></ul><ul><li>Define: Metal pipe-like structure that is connected to the gutter and has 2 openings on each end </li></ul><ul><li>What It Does: it allows the water that flows through the gutter to flow out onto the ground in a controlled fashion. </li></ul>
  75. 75. <ul><li>Splash block </li></ul><ul><li>Define: A concrete block that resides about 4-6 inches below the opening in the downspout </li></ul><ul><li>What It Does: It breaks the drop from the downspout on the ground and funnels the water onto where it is desired. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Step Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment </li></ul><ul><li>Define: A layer of synthetic fiberglass fabric that is nailed to the roof and roofing tiles go over it </li></ul><ul><li>What it’s doing: secondary weather barrier with better resistance to tearing, moisture, and ultraviolet rays than traditional roofing felt. </li></ul>
  77. 77. <ul><li>Clay Tile Roof </li></ul>
  78. 78. <ul><li>Wooden Shingle (Shake) Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Panel Roof </li></ul><ul><li>(Typically Aluminum [sometimes galvanized steel]) </li></ul>
  79. 79. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Gambrel Roof </li></ul>
  80. 80. <ul><li>Hip Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Mansard Roof </li></ul>
  81. 81. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge </li></ul><ul><li>Define: the level intersection of two roof planes going upwards </li></ul>Valley Define: a trough formed by the intersection of two downward sloped roofs
  82. 82. <ul><li>Eave </li></ul><ul><li>Define: the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof </li></ul>Rake Define: sloping edge on a roof
  83. 83. <ul><li>Soffit </li></ul><ul><li>Define: the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building such as a roof overhang </li></ul>Fascia Define: exposed vertical face of an eave
  84. 84. <ul><li>Building without Fascia </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: A building without a fascia board installed around the end of the eave, exposing the rafters of the building. </li></ul>
  85. 85. Stone <ul><li>Random Rubble Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Rubble Pattern </li></ul>
  86. 86. <ul><li>Random Ashlar </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Ashlar </li></ul>
  87. 87. Vapor Retarded <ul><li>Vapor Retarded </li></ul><ul><li>What It’s Doing: It blocks water vapor from entering the building </li></ul><ul><li>Which side of the insulation it is commonly put: interior face of the insulation </li></ul>
  88. 88. Waterproofing <ul><li>Waterproofing </li></ul><ul><li>It is keeping the water from seeping up under the concrete </li></ul><ul><li>It is being fully Adheresed with tar </li></ul>
  89. 89. Weep Hole <ul><li>Weep Hole </li></ul><ul><li>Define (and what it’s doing): </li></ul><ul><li>It's a small hole in a brick wall that allows the water that gets behind the wall to be release back out of it. </li></ul>
  90. 90. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>Welded Wire Fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements of Grid in Both Directions: 4” x 4” </li></ul>
  91. 91. Windows <ul><li>Awning Window </li></ul><ul><li>It is an awning window because it pops up from the bottom position. It blocks the rain from coming into the window, and is hinged from the top </li></ul>
  92. 92. <ul><li>Sliding Window </li></ul><ul><li>This is a sliding window because it slides on a track. </li></ul>
  93. 93. <ul><li>Double Hung Window </li></ul><ul><li>Why it’s this window? It has two separate moving pieces that allow you to open either end of the window. </li></ul>

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