Visual Dictionary
Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Can also be called air/vapor barrier, or AVP, which is a sheet material used as both a vapor ret...
Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Is needed to allow water vapor to escape, and prevent solar heat from collecting in the attic </...
Backhoe <ul><li>An excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move earth </li></u...
Batter Boards <ul><li>Are temporary frames built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the s...
Brick arches Parabolic Arch Arch with Keystone Parabolic Arch
Brick Bonds Header Sailor Soldier Rowlock Running Bond: All Stretchers Common Bond: Courses of Stretchers with every 6 th ...
Brick Sizes Modular Brick:  W: 3 ½ “ L: 7 ½ “ H: 2 ¼ “
Bulldozer A large powerful tractor equipped with a large blade in front flattens areas of ground and used for rough sitewo...
Cladding Wood Shake EFIS Wood Board Clad Brick Clad Stone Clad
Code Requirements: Window Code Requirements: Minimum opening- 5.7 square feet, minimum width- 20”, minimum height- 24”, an...
Code Requirements: Stairs Code Requirements: Maximum Rise- 7 ½” and Minimum run (tread)- 10” Dimensions of Stair Studied: ...
Concrete Joints: Control Joints <ul><li>Are used to control cracking in poured cement </li></ul><ul><li>Can be saw cut, to...
Concrete Joints: Isolation Joints <ul><li>Separate different slabs and reduce stress by movement </li></ul>
Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) 8x8x16 4x8x16 CMU is typically 8x8x16 and can be used in load bearing  walls. It has great com...
Doors Transom Sidlight Panel Door Panel Top Rail Bottom Rail Lock Rail Stile Flush Door
Electrical Components Electrical Meter: Measures the amount of energy consumed by the residence Power Pole with Transforme...
Framing Elements #1 Anchor Bolt #11 Sheathing #6 Stud #9 Rafter #3 Floor Joist #4 Sub Floor #12 Stringer #2 Sill Plate #5 ...
Front End Loader <ul><li>An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble.  ...
Gypsum Board <ul><li>Is an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called d...
Insulation Foamed Rigid Board  Loose Fill Blanket or Batt Used mostly between studs and are either faced or unfaced Used m...
Lintel <ul><li>Is a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening </li></ul>
Mortar Concave Mortar Joint: Tooled ¾ ” used on a single family detached house; most likely Type N Flush Mortar Joint: Tro...
Oriented Strand Board (OSB) <ul><li>Is a non-veneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in spec...
Plumbing Water Closet: Drain 3” Piping Manufactured tub installed before drywall Plumbing Roof Vent: allows air to enter t...
Plywood <ul><li>Is a wood panel product composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure....
Rebar The rebar is half an inch in diameter which would make it a number 4. The deformations serve to aid the concrete to ...
Steep Roof Drainage Gutter: catches the runoff from the roof and directs it to the downspout. Downspout: Directs the water...
Steep Roof Materials Underlayment: is attached to the sheathing and provides extra weather protection  Clay Tile Roof Meta...
Steep Roof Shapes Mansard Roof Hip Roof Gambrel Roof Gabel Roof
Steep Roof Terms Ridge: level intersections of roof planes at their highest point Valley: the sloping intersection of two ...
Steep Roof Terms Continued Building without a fascia, or the exposed vertical face of an eave
Stone Coursed Rubble Random Rubble Coursed Ashlar
Vapor Retarder A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through the building assembly. It is mo...
Waterproofing This is liquid applied waterproofing. It is an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation
Weep Hole <ul><li>Is a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building compo...
Windows Double Hung: has two overlapping sashes that move vertically in tracks Fixed: glass immovably mounted in the wall ...
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Visual Dictionary Final

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Visual Dictionary Final

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Can also be called air/vapor barrier, or AVP, which is a sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Is needed to allow water vapor to escape, and prevent solar heat from collecting in the attic </li></ul>Soffit Vent Roof Turbine Gable Vent Ridge Vent
  4. 4. Backhoe <ul><li>An excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move earth </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used to excavate for footings and piping. </li></ul>24” bucket
  5. 5. Batter Boards <ul><li>Are temporary frames built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Brick arches Parabolic Arch Arch with Keystone Parabolic Arch
  7. 7. Brick Bonds Header Sailor Soldier Rowlock Running Bond: All Stretchers Common Bond: Courses of Stretchers with every 6 th course being a header course
  8. 8. Brick Sizes Modular Brick: W: 3 ½ “ L: 7 ½ “ H: 2 ¼ “
  9. 9. Bulldozer A large powerful tractor equipped with a large blade in front flattens areas of ground and used for rough sitework on a job site.
  10. 10. Cladding Wood Shake EFIS Wood Board Clad Brick Clad Stone Clad
  11. 11. Code Requirements: Window Code Requirements: Minimum opening- 5.7 square feet, minimum width- 20”, minimum height- 24”, and no higher than 44” AFF Dimensions of Window Studied: Opening- 6.87 square feet, width- 20”, height 49 ½”, 42 ½” This window meets the required code.
  12. 12. Code Requirements: Stairs Code Requirements: Maximum Rise- 7 ½” and Minimum run (tread)- 10” Dimensions of Stair Studied: Riser- 7 ½” and Tread-10 ¼” These Stairs meet required code.
  13. 13. Concrete Joints: Control Joints <ul><li>Are used to control cracking in poured cement </li></ul><ul><li>Can be saw cut, tooled, or have and insert </li></ul>
  14. 14. Concrete Joints: Isolation Joints <ul><li>Separate different slabs and reduce stress by movement </li></ul>
  15. 15. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) 8x8x16 4x8x16 CMU is typically 8x8x16 and can be used in load bearing walls. It has great compressive strength which makes it good for foundation walls.
  16. 16. Doors Transom Sidlight Panel Door Panel Top Rail Bottom Rail Lock Rail Stile Flush Door
  17. 17. Electrical Components Electrical Meter: Measures the amount of energy consumed by the residence Power Pole with Transformer: Converts energy from one circuit to another
  18. 18. Framing Elements #1 Anchor Bolt #11 Sheathing #6 Stud #9 Rafter #3 Floor Joist #4 Sub Floor #12 Stringer #2 Sill Plate #5 Sole Plate (Not Pictured) #7 Top Plate #8 Ceiling Joist (Not Pictured) #10 Roof Decking (Not Pictured)
  19. 19. Front End Loader <ul><li>An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble. </li></ul><ul><li>It differs from both the backhoe and bulldozer in that can transport materials such as dirt and gravel </li></ul>
  20. 20. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Is an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall or plasterboard. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Insulation Foamed Rigid Board Loose Fill Blanket or Batt Used mostly between studs and are either faced or unfaced Used mostly in attic floors Used in cavities and gives the best performance Used where insulation thickness is limited
  22. 22. Lintel <ul><li>Is a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening </li></ul>
  23. 23. Mortar Concave Mortar Joint: Tooled ¾ ” used on a single family detached house; most likely Type N Flush Mortar Joint: Troweled ¾ ” used on a single family detached house; most likely Type N
  24. 24. Oriented Strand Board (OSB) <ul><li>Is a non-veneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Plumbing Water Closet: Drain 3” Piping Manufactured tub installed before drywall Plumbing Roof Vent: allows air to enter the drainage system and for sewer gas to escape Drop-In Sink
  26. 26. Plywood <ul><li>Is a wood panel product composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer- any of the thin layers glued together to make plywood </li></ul>
  27. 27. Rebar The rebar is half an inch in diameter which would make it a number 4. The deformations serve to aid the concrete to better grip the bar
  28. 28. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter: catches the runoff from the roof and directs it to the downspout. Downspout: Directs the water towards the ground Splash block: Directs the runoff away from the building
  29. 29. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment: is attached to the sheathing and provides extra weather protection Clay Tile Roof Metal Panel Roof: Typically galvanized or aluminized steel Wood Shingle Roof: a shingle is a thin piece of material layered in overlapping rows
  30. 30. Steep Roof Shapes Mansard Roof Hip Roof Gambrel Roof Gabel Roof
  31. 31. Steep Roof Terms Ridge: level intersections of roof planes at their highest point Valley: the sloping intersection of two roof planes that water drains towards Rake: the sloping edge of the roof Eave: the level, low edge of the roof Fascia: the exposed vertical face of an eave Soffit: the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building
  32. 32. Steep Roof Terms Continued Building without a fascia, or the exposed vertical face of an eave
  33. 33. Stone Coursed Rubble Random Rubble Coursed Ashlar
  34. 34. Vapor Retarder A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through the building assembly. It is most commonly put on the warm side of insulation during winter
  35. 35. Waterproofing This is liquid applied waterproofing. It is an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation
  36. 36. Weep Hole <ul><li>Is a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Windows Double Hung: has two overlapping sashes that move vertically in tracks Fixed: glass immovably mounted in the wall Casement: a window that pivots on an axis an or near the vertical edge of the sash

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