Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Trinidad and Tobago

  1. 1. Regional Roundtable on World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2020 Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 22-26 May 2017 Methods for collecting Agriculture Statistics in Trinidad & Tobago Technical Session 18 1 Nigel Gopaul Statistician II (Ag.) Central Statistical Office of Trinidad & Tobago E-mail address: nigel.gopaul@statistics.gov.tt
  2. 2. Contents 2 • Present Economic Circumstances • The Agriculture Sector • Agriculture Statistics • List of Surveys conducted • Outline of the process of data collection
  3. 3. NATIONAL ECONOMY  Due to recent economic realities, many significant challenges have been presented to T&T’s economy, particularly in relation to the energy prices and the importance of the agricultural sector.  This reality has once more heralded the call for economic diversification, away from traditional dependence on the energy sector.  As a consequence planners look to place greater emphasis on the development of the non-petroleum industries such as agriculture, manufacturing, services e.t.c.
  4. 4. AGRICULTURE SECTOR  The agriculture sector has been in relative decline for several years.  The decline has been attributed to external factors identified as: ◦ economic structural transformation, ◦ changes in the global trading environment ◦ domestic constraints  weak research, extension and marketing systems,  inadequate area under irrigation, flooding  praedial larceny.
  5. 5. THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS  There is an urgent need to establish a reliable and comprehensive National Information System of Food and Agricultural Statistics to assist in monitoring and evaluating all plans relating to food, agriculture, agrarian reform and rural development.  This would assist in the formulation of appropriate public policies concerning the agriculture sector.
  6. 6. AGRICULTURAL CENSUS  The Central Statistical Office is authorized to conduct censuses of all agricultural holdings in Trinidad and Tobago. The last survey was conducted in July 2004.  It is proposed to incorporate such a survey in the next Population and Housing Census as a separate module
  7. 7. CURRENT AGRICULTURAL SURVEYS  Food Crop Survey  Livestock Surveys ◦ Pig Survey ◦ Small Ruminants (Sheep, Goats and Rabbits) ◦ Broiler Survey ◦ Table Eggs Survey ◦ Duck Survey ◦ Apiculture Survey ◦ Aquaculture Survey  Administrative Surveys ◦ Citrus ◦ Cocoa and Coffee ◦ Hatcheries ◦ Milk ◦ Import/Export of Food, Horticulture and Livestock
  8. 8. CURRENT AGRICULTURAL SURVEYS (cont’d)  Administrative Surveys (cont’d) • Slaughterhouse Survey • Agricultural Chemicals • Livestock Feeds
  9. 9. FOOD CROPS  In Trinidad a sample survey is conducted using an area frame methodology whereas in Tobago the sample survey uses a list frame methodology.  It is conducted on a bi-monthly basis and covers 29 major food crops, e.g. vegetables, root crops, other pulses.  Latest data available is for the 1st Qtr. 2017.  Data is published on the website and in Bulletins and Reports. Most data requests submitted via e- mail.
  10. 10. FOOD CROPS  Some of the output data relates to : ◦ Area under cultivation ◦ Quantity Harvested ◦ Average Farm Gate Prices ◦ Farm Employment ◦ Production related problems, e.g. flooding, larceny e.t.c.  Missing data is estimated for by the use of adjusted sampling factors and information received from key informants and stakeholders
  11. 11. PINEAPPLE, PAWPAW, CHRISTOPHENE AND WATERCRESS  This survey initiated in 2002 and is included under the Food Crop Survey but conducted separately.  Data are collected through a census using a list frame on a quarterly basis.  Output Data ◦ Area under cultivation ◦ Quantity harvested and ◦ Prices of harvested crop
  12. 12. LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY LIVESTOCK  Pig Survey  Small Ruminants Survey (Sheep, Goats and Rabbit)  Apiculture and Aquaculture Survey  POULTRY ◦ Broiler Survey ◦ Table Eggs ◦ Duck Survey
  13. 13. PIG SURVEY  A Census of pig farmers is conducted on a quarterly basis using a List Frame.  Data are collected on:  Number and type of pigs on farms  Sales and expected sales and type of disposal  Farm employment  Production related problems
  14. 14. SMALL RUMINANTS (SHEEP, GOATS AND RABBITS)  This survey was initiated in 2005.  The survey design is a census of a combination of large farms and a 10% sample of small farms.  Data is collected on:  production  capacity  sales  employment  farming constraints etc
  15. 15. APICULTURE AND AQUACULTURE SURVEYS  These surveys were initiated in 2008.  The survey design is a census of all Apiculture and Aquaculture farms in Trinidad and Tobago.  Data is collected on ◦ Production ◦ Capacity ◦ Sales ◦ Employment ◦ Farming Constraints etc
  16. 16. BROILER SURVEY  A Census of Broiler Farms is conducted on a tri-annual basis (3 times a year) using a list frame.  Data are collected on: ◦ Number of Farms ◦ Number of chicks placed on farms ◦ Number, live weight and value of broilers sold and expected to be sold ◦ Farm employment
  17. 17. TABLE EGGS  A Census of Table Eggs Farms is conducted on a tri-annual basis using a list frame  Data are collected on: ◦ Egg Production ◦ Quantity of Eggs sold ◦ Value of Eggs
  18. 18. DUCK SURVEY  This survey was initiated in 2008.  The survey design is a census of a combination of large farms and a sample of small farms.  Data is collected on ◦ Production ◦ Capacity ◦ Sales ◦ Employment ◦ Farming Constraints etc
  19. 19. ADMINISTRATVIE SURVEYS 1. Cocoa/Coffee 2. Citrus 3. Copra 4. Sugar 5. Abattoirs 6. Feed mills 7. Milk Production 8. Fertilizer 9. Hatcheries 10. Import/Export data on Agriculture
  20. 20. SLAUGHTERHOUSE SURVEY  Data are obtained from administrative records on a quarterly basis.  Information is collected on:- ◦ Number and carcass weight of cattle, goat,sheep slaughtered at Abattoirs.
  21. 21. TREE CROPS  Cocoa/ Coffee ◦ Data are collected on a quarterly basis from Administrative Records of the Cocoa and Coffee Board of Trinidad and Tobago.  Citrus/Copra ◦ These figures reflect deliveries of oranges/ grapefruits and Copra to processing plants. ◦ Collected on a quarterly basis from the Cooperative Citrus Growers’Association and Copra Growers’Association.
  22. 22. MILK PRODUCTION  Data are collected from private, government farms and Milk Processors on a quarterly basis using a list frame.
  23. 23. OTHER DATA COLLECTION  Data are also collected on a quarterly basis for Livestock Feeds, Agricultural Chemicals and Fertilizers, from administrative records of producers.
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. Thank you 1

    Be the first to comment

    Login to see the comments

Trinidad and Tobago

Views

Total views

629

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

0

Actions

Downloads

8

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

0

×