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"THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FOOD-BASED GUIDELINES THROUGH NATIONAL POLICIES IN BRAZIL Eduardo Nilson – Ministry of Health of Brazil "

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"www.fao.org/about/meetings/sustainable-food-systems-nutrition-symposium

The International Symposium on Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets and Improved Nutrition was jointly held by FAO and WHO in December 2016 to explore policies and programme options for shaping the food systems in ways that deliver foods for a healthy diet, focusing on concrete country experiences and challenges. This Symposium waas the first large-scale contribution under the UN Decade of Action for Nutrition 2016-2025. This presentation was part of Parallel session 2.1: Regulations, awareness and advocacy for better informed food choices"

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"THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FOOD-BASED GUIDELINES THROUGH NATIONAL POLICIES IN BRAZIL Eduardo Nilson – Ministry of Health of Brazil "

  1. 1. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FOOD- BASED GUIDELINES THROUGH NATIONAL POLICIES IN BRAZIL Eduardo Nilson – Ministry of Health of Brazil
  2. 2. Dietary changes in Brazil Undernutrition and infectious diseases Obesity and chronic diseases The prevalence of overweight in adults has increased three times in the last 20 years (IBGE, 2008-2009) 57% of Brazilian adults are overweight and 20,8% are obese (PNS, 2013). The overall costs of obesity to the Brazilian National Health System are close to R$500 million/year.
  3. 3. Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population Instrument of Food and Nutrition Education to support Healthy and Adequate Food Promotion to people, family members and communities. Stop or reverse the increase of obesity and other chronic diseases, and prevent nutritional deficiencies. Encourage continuous improvement in the Food System, as well as in the supply chains and in the consumption of healthier foods. Support healthy practices and healthy traditional food cultures.
  4. 4. Strategies for adequate and healthy diets based on the Dietary Guidelines Challenges: • Facilitating the access to healthy and adequate foods. • Diversifying the foods offered by family agriculture; • Improving the quality of foods; • Stimulating the production and consumption of organic and agro ecological foods; • Creating healthy diet promoting environments; • Obesity Control and Prevention.
  5. 5. HEALTHY SETTINGS • Criteria for foods served in all federal facilities - based on the recommendations of the Brazilian Food Guide •Guidelines for preparing healthy foods in events. • Expand the directives to all public healthcare facilities and schools. Articulation with other policies: • Worker Food Program • National School Feeding Program
  6. 6. INTEGRAL HEALTH CARE OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY CARE Organization of integrated and interdisciplinary actions in healthcare facilities, from prevention to diagnosis and treatment. BREASTFEEDING AND COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING STRATEGY Training Primary Health Care professionals on promoting breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding for children under two years old. FOOD REGULATION -Regulation of the commerce and marketing of infant formulas and baby products. - Improving food labelling and inducing food reformulation. - Taxation of sugared beverages and ultraprocessed foods. - Regulation of food publicity to children.
  7. 7. EDUCATION, COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION - Health Promotion Campaigns. - Publications: Regional Foods, messages on school books, materials to support the implementation of the Food Guidelines in health services. -Social media: messages on healthy foods and food choices. -Courses for health professionals. -National and international intersectoral articulation
  8. 8. KEY MESSAGES • Formulating and implementing Food-Based Dietary Guidelines depends on strong scientific, technical and political support and multiple stakeholders and strategies. • The Dietary Guidelines must influence health and intersectoral policies and be supported through planning and budgetary instruments. • FAO and WHO coordination for addressing healthy and sustainable food systems through the Decade of Action for Nutrition is key to global commitments.
  9. 9. Thank you. eduardo@saude.gov.br cgan@saude.gov.br

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