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The 4th NENA workshop - Oman


Published on

13 June 2018, FAO Headquarters, Rome
Presenter: Hamdan Salim Said Al-Wahaibi

Published in: Education
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The 4th NENA workshop - Oman

  1. 1. Country presentation (Sultanate of Oman) By Hamdan Salim Al-Wahaibi, PhD Director of Soil and Water Research Center Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
  2. 2. Location: North East of the Arabian Peninsula Area : 309,500 km2 Population: 4,642,945 ( 2,534,149 Omani) Rainfall: 100 mm 2 Sultanate of Oman
  3. 3. Land division • Mountains (15%) • Sand and deserts (80%) • Plains (5% )
  4. 4. 2.52 % 4.55 % 92.9 % Highly to moderately suitable Marginally suitable Not suitable Soil Suitability
  5. 5. Land Resources
  6. 6. Water Resources
  7. 7. land use and Production Perenni al Crops 52% Date Palms 19% Vegeta bles 22% Fruit Crops 5% Field Crops 2% Production (%) Perenni al Crops 39% Date Palms 28% Vegeta bles 20% Fruit Crops 8% Field Crops 5% Cropping pattern (% of cultivated area)
  8. 8. • Secondary Soil Salinity • Soil erosion • Low soil productivity (low fertility, low organic mater) • Desertification • Urbanization , changing land use, land fragmentation Major challenges of soil resources (priorities)
  9. 9. Northand South Al- Batinah Governorates is the most affected by salinity
  10. 10. Soil erosion
  11. 11. Construction of concrete protection walls
  12. 12. Protection walls
  13. 13. Terraces for soil conservation
  14. 14. Degradation due to overgrazing
  15. 15. Urbanization and changing land use
  16. 16. Implemented Activities Pillar 1: promote sustainable management of soil resources for soil protection, conservation and sustainable productivity Outcome 1.2 Soil rehabilitation programs including documentation of best SSM/SLM practices and scaling out to areas at high risk of soil degradation implemented Project: Management of salt affected lands in Oman: improving land productivity (WOCAT-LADA) ((Dr. Daniel Danano , FAO Land Management and Tenure Office
  17. 17. Implemented Activities Pillar 2: encourage investment, technical cooperation, policy, education, awareness and extension in soil Outcome 2.3 Key messages to create awareness campaign to target the civil society and non- soil specialists through TV and other media implemented A training workshop for students school under the name of “ Soil: Vibrant Pluses of Life”
  18. 18. - A training workshop for students school under the name of “Healthy Soil for a Healthy Life” - Forum under the name “Soil cosmos as a foundation of food security” Implemented Activities
  19. 19. Soil Day Implemented Activities
  20. 20. Pillar 3: promote targeted soil research and development focusing on identified gaps, priorities and synergies with related productive, environmental and social development actions Outcome 3.1 Integrated research for development approach targeting soil challenges within specific agro-ecosystems or landscape established Project with IAEA: Use of Isotopes and Nuclear Techniques In Integrated Water Soil and Nutrients Management to Optimize Crop Productivity Activities under implementation
  21. 21. Main obstacles to the implementation of activities - Strategies of five years plan (2016-2020) - Limited soil researchers - Fund - Limited financial resources - Need for technical supports from FAO
  22. 22. Thanks for your attention