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Support to Responsible Agricultural Investment (S2RAI) in Ethiopia

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Support to Responsible Agricultural Investment (S2RAI) in Ethiopia

  1. 1. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018 Dr. Oliver Schönweger Project Manager Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
  2. 2. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Support to Responsible Agricultural Investment (S2RAI) in Ethiopia Co-financed by: Implemented by: Project start: March 2016 Project end: December 2018 Budget: 3,3 Mio EUR
  3. 3. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Background - Ethiopia • Ethiopia is recurrently food insecure and suffers from serious food deficits • GoE strives for increased agricultural production through commercialization of the sector • All land is administered by the State (Constitution) • 3 mio ha identified for investors, 2 mio ha were leased out • Objectives of GoE have not been achieved and small holders not much benefited; large proportion of land not developed; • Human capacities for managing large scale investments is limited and adequate systems not in place
  4. 4. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Background - Project The institutional framework with functional coordination structures at federal level and in selected regions is strengthened Gov. staffs’ as well as investors’ knowledge and skills in land management and responsible agricultural investments are strengthened at federal and selected regional levels Information, knowledge and performance management systems for land based agricultural investments are developed Local communities’ tenure rights are secured and capacities to benefit from large scale agricultural investments are strengthened Institutional Framework Human Capacity Development Information and Knowledge Systems Legitimate Tenure Rights of Local Communities
  5. 5. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Progress • Awareness on VGGTs and RAI principles among various stakeholders at federal and regional level created • Social and Environmental Code of Practise (SECOP) developed and validated • Comprehensive monitoring of >700 investors was conducted (> 100 contracts cancelled) • Overall area granted to investors considerably lowered • Land identification & transfer processes were decentralized • An agricultural investment management information system (CAMIS) is under development
  6. 6. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Progress • Joint development of investment monitoring system based on remote sensing with the JRC-EU • Contract templates developed and ready to be applied • The VGGTs and a FAO TG (a.o.) were translated into Amharic • Public fora with investors, communities and government • Establishment of an regional investor association • Co-development of a national strategic framework for commercial farming (via EPAU/PM office) • SOP of ESIA/EMS and Guidelines on land valuation developed
  7. 7. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Capacity Development Activities • Development of an academic training module on land governance and RAI • Training on remote sensing, GIS, DB management • Training on contract farming for ETH Gov. staff and one union • Training on entrepreneurship and farm management system • Training on conflict resolution • Experience exchange with Lao and Serbia land projects • Study tours to German and within Ethiopia …etc. so far more than 800 people were trained on various technical and thematic areas
  8. 8. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Challenges • Long negotiation period before project was able to start • Institutional merger and reshuffling of positions resulted in absence of management and technical counterpart staff • State of Emergency in Ethiopia resulted in travel restriction and internet cuts • Low capacities of CSOs in developing budget and project proposals • Requirement of separate project bank account • Overall enabling environment and poor coordination among stakeholders • Women participation in trainings
  9. 9. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Lessons Learned • Being part as a UN member during the VGGT dev. process does not necessarily result in acceptance/awareness of such • Project aims for institutional and mind-set changes, those are long term process and require long term commitments • International principles only work as good as they are integrated into country/regional legal frameworks & policies • Trainings and awareness creation has a significant positive impact to change attitude and confidence level • Agriculture is a tough business and cant be done successfully without proper commitment, capital and support
  10. 10. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Recommendations • Go for a multi-level & multi stakeholder approach • Base your office within your partner agency • Strengthen joint planning processes between communities and investors and support expectation management -> great potential to reduce conflicts • Support establishment of inventor's association -> provides a good platform for TOT • Work with local CSO -> provides opportunities to address local community needs and problems
  11. 11. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Next Steps  Finalize various products and systems and start roll out within the regions  Study tour on land valuation and compensation and land use planning in Germany  Finalize regional land proclamation and national strategic framework on commercial agriculture  Prepare for a second phase and EU cost-extension  Align with new important GoE initiatives (e.g. NILUPP)
  12. 12. Thank you! 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018

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