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Securing Sustainable Fisheries Project


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Securing Sustainable Fisheries Project

  1. 1. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018 Antoine Rougier – GHANA - Far Dwuma Nkɔdo - Securing Sustainable Fisheries Project Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) – Hen Mpoano
  2. 2. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Project title : Far Dwuma Nkɔdo - Securing Sustainable Fisheries Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) – Hen Mpoano • 3 year project : 2017 – 2019 • Funding from the European Union, co-funding German Ministry of Economic Cooperation • EUR 1.9 millions total budget • Work with coastal communities in 10 districts in Ghana’s Central Region and in the Volta Estuary
  3. 3. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Background • Fisheries sector central to Ghana food security and socio- economic stability: over 2 millions people live directly or indirectly from the sector, significant contribution to GDP • Series of reforms of the fisheries sector prompted by EU yellow card in 2013 (card lifted in 2015) • Needs for support in the reform process, with a particular focus on the inclusion of the small scale fishers and fish mongers
  4. 4. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Progress • Survey undertaken on the use of smartphones in fishers communities, in preparation of the deployment of an app. to document conflicts at sea. 121 users identified, 500 fishers interested to invest • Organization with FAO of a roundtable on VGGT for fisheries in Accra: 50+ participants from various sectors, presentations from FAO and Sierra Leone government, launch of a film and policy brief on VGGT and fisheries • 10 consultations held across 15 communities in Central Region to gather inputs in preparation of legal reform. 464 participants reached (191 women, 273 men) o Workshop held with all chief fishermen and chief fishmongers across CR to validate findings of consultations. o Communiqué with top 10 areas of consensus for legal reforms prepared and signed by all chief fishermen in CR, many chief fishmongers + NAFPTA reps. o Submission of stakeholder inputs planned mid-June to the Minister, and via publication in the press
  5. 5. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Progress • Pilot use of Open Tenure with FAO in January to document clam fisheries arrangements. Successful pilot leading to the mapping of fishing grounds and 75 farms in the Volta Estuary • Data collection for all the 10 projects target districts’ landing sites finalised end 2017, data processing and cleaning in Q1, production of landing sites maps internally validated in Q2, Community validations ongoing currently ongoing • Film “Ghana: a fishing nation in crisis” produced and broadcasted on national prime time TV on 5 June, to coincide with the International Day for the fight against IUU fishing, followed by a panel discussion including the chairman of the Ghana National Canoe Fishermen Council, the Director for Monitoring, Control and Surveillance, and a representative from Hen Mpoano.
  6. 6. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Capacity Development Activities • 10 community level consultations to gather inputs from fishers and fish mongers to submit as contributions to the ongoing legal reforms. Consultations combined with presentations and explanations of the keys components and principles in current Ghana Fisheries legal framework impacting small scale fishers and fish mongers. • 01 2,5 days training of journalists on key issues on the fisheries sector, in particular IUU fishing, Ghana small scale fisheries, Ghana fisheries management plan. Training combined with participation in the validation workshop of the legal review consultations. 11 participants, 3 women, 9 men. • 01 National roundtable on VGGT co-organized with FAO, aimed at highlighting the importance of VGGT and VG SSF to a wide range of stakeholders directly or indirectly involved in fisheries. Presentation from experts from FAO, Ghana and Sierra Leone. 50 participants, 12 women, 38 men.
  7. 7. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Challenges • Difficulty to obtain clear timing and roadmap on key national processes driven by the government and targeting the fisheries sector (legal reform, all fleet closed season), • Multiple projects focusing on the fisheries sector potentially causing confusion amongst stakeholders or duplications • Engagement with communities often limited to traditional authorities, whose views not necessary reflect the views of practitioners (fishers, fish mongers)
  8. 8. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Lessons Learned • Coordinated engagement with government on key national issues (joint meetings held with government on the legal reform and the closed season). Communication and coordination meeting held with other projects (EU, USAID) to align vision and coordinate work when possible • Consultations in preparation of the legal reforms organized at community level, with majority of participants involved on a day to day basis in the fishing and fish processing activity, to ensure the collection of meaningful inputs. • Transparency in decision-making (e.g. for fisheries – beneficial ownership, licensing agreements, fees, conditions, use of development funds) is an essential prerequisite for social justice in resource management and meaningful participation of stakeholders. Targeted advocacy to address this.
  9. 9. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Recommendations • Projects must include provision for engagement with related sectors/Ministries • Provision for strong advocacy component is essential • In the fisheries context, the need to value SSF guidelines as enshrining VGGT in relation to fisheries
  10. 10. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Next Steps Upcoming activities include the following: • Continuous effort to support small-scale fishers in the ongoing legal reform: engagement with MPs, redaction of policy briefs, advocacy effort on priorities drawn from consultations • Deployment of a mobile application to document/ geo tag conflicts at sea • Several studies in preparation expected to be finalized in 2018 (traditional management system of fisheries, Clam fisheries management, opportunity for alternative livelihood for coastal community)
  11. 11. Thank you! Follow us on: 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018