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RESPONSE TO THE FOOD SECURITY CRISIS IN
CONFLICTS:
EMBEDDING DEVELOPMENT INTO RELIEF
Dr. Shady Hamadeh, Environment & Sust...
Overview of the Syrian Crisis
• 4.8 million Syrians are refugees in
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and
Turkey
• 6.8 million ...
• Major approaches used to cover food
assistance needs:
 Electronic Cards (cash-for-food
vouchers)
 In kind food assista...
As of 2015, emergence of some efforts to develop
durable solutions with the objective of promoting
sustainable food securi...
• Regional Leader in rural sustainable livelihoods
• Putting people at the center
• Sustainable Food Security Initiatives:...
Linking Emergency Food Assistance to the Development of Host
Communities
Beneficial to both host communities and
Refugees
...
Local development
School Feeding Prg
Food Assistance
Chatila
Bourj
Barajneh
Minyara
Khiara
Koueikh
Batloun
Aarsal
Communit...
• UA coupled with a recycling/composting
program in poor Beirut suburbs  to build food
security of vulnerable populations...
Embed Development into Relief
to give Mohammad a
Sustainable Food
& Nutrition Security!
Response to the food security crisis in conflicts: embedding development into relief, by Shadi Hamadeh, Director, Environm...
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Response to the food security crisis in conflicts: embedding development into relief, by Shadi Hamadeh, Director, Environment and Sustainable Development Unit - American University of Beirut

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"www.fao.org/about/meetings/sustainable-food-systems-nutrition-symposium

The International Symposium on Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets and Improved Nutrition was jointly held by FAO and WHO in December 2016 to explore policies and programme options for shaping the food systems in ways that deliver foods for a healthy diet, focusing on concrete country experiences and challenges. This Symposium waas the first large-scale contribution under the UN Decade of Action for Nutrition 2016-2025. This presentation was part of Parallel session 3.2: Enhancing food system resilience in areas affected by climate change and other crisis"

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Response to the food security crisis in conflicts: embedding development into relief, by Shadi Hamadeh, Director, Environment and Sustainable Development Unit - American University of Beirut

  1. 1. RESPONSE TO THE FOOD SECURITY CRISIS IN CONFLICTS: EMBEDDING DEVELOPMENT INTO RELIEF Dr. Shady Hamadeh, Environment & Sustainable Development Unit, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
  2. 2. Overview of the Syrian Crisis • 4.8 million Syrians are refugees in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey • 6.8 million people have been internally displaced within Syria • Hunger now affects over half of the people remaining in Syria • Lebanon is hosting approximately 1.5 million of Syrian Refugees • 93 % of Syrian refugees are food insecure • Most refugees are hosted in impoverished Lebanese areas (Bekaa & North Lebanon) Brotherly Influx Mohammad, Syria: “I have 54.3% chance to be extremely poor & hungry, and my brother and I can die any minute!” (50, 000 children killed in the crisis up to 2016)
  3. 3. • Major approaches used to cover food assistance needs:  Electronic Cards (cash-for-food vouchers)  In kind food assistance (Staple Food distribution) 1,736,500 food vouchers or cash assistance distributed to refugees More than US$1.9 billion spent through e-cards for food assistance in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt 720 million spent on cash based interventions in Lebanon Food Security Responses
  4. 4. As of 2015, emergence of some efforts to develop durable solutions with the objective of promoting sustainable food security in Lebanon: • Schools feeding programs • Sustainable agriculture support programs:  Capacity building for farmers on sustainable agriculture  Creation of micro-gardens  Distribution of agricultural kits/tools Food Security Responses
  5. 5. • Regional Leader in rural sustainable livelihoods • Putting people at the center • Sustainable Food Security Initiatives:  “Community Kitchens for the empowerment of women to provide local food aid”  “Building the Food Security and Economic Resilience of Syrian Refugees and Vulnerable Members of their Host Communities in Beirut/Lebanon through Urban Agriculture” Jordan Yemen Morocco Environment & Sustainable Development Unit (ESDU)
  6. 6. Linking Emergency Food Assistance to the Development of Host Communities Beneficial to both host communities and Refugees Mobilizes women from both communities + build their capacities to produce healthy traditional food Enhances social rehabilitation among both communities Income-generating for women + support to local producers/shops Alleviates food security and increases dietary diversity among vulnerable families Food Assistance through CK Beneficial to Refugees Reach a large number of people in a short period of time Do not tackle social cohesion Often not culturally relevant Benefits to specific shops Alleviates food security among vulnerable families Traditional Food Assistance 10$ / Family (hot pot + bread parcel) 10$ / Family (food voucher) Community Kitchens
  7. 7. Local development School Feeding Prg Food Assistance Chatila Bourj Barajneh Minyara Khiara Koueikh Batloun Aarsal Community Gardens El Mina Network of Community Kitchens 10 CKs for Food Assistance 70 Syrian & Lebanese women leading the kitchen 50 small local shops / producers 1,200 households every day 360,000 hot healthy meals distributed per year with bread, fruits and vegetables <2$ / day / person
  8. 8. • UA coupled with a recycling/composting program in poor Beirut suburbs  to build food security of vulnerable populations (host + Syrian Refugees) • 100 local and refugee families reached • Horizontal / vertical kit + composting unit (eco- friendly; plastic bottles + crates) • Capacity building + startup material to grow fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs • Cost-effective solution to achieve self-reliance (saving around 50$ / month per family)  Kitchen Gardens: • Self-sustainability • Job opportunities for host and refugees  Local value chain development and introduction of best agricultural practices Urban Agriculture
  9. 9. Embed Development into Relief to give Mohammad a Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security!

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