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Nutrition Improvement of Population in Poor
Areas -YingYangBao Program in China
Wenhua Zhao
National Institute for Nutriti...
Nutrition Status of Infant and Young Children in China
Rates, %
Stunting 18.7
Underweight 5.2
Wasting 3.0
Growth of childr...
Development of YYB in China
2000 2006 2012
Establish the base:
 Complimentary food
strategy was discussed by
ADB, China C...
Nutrition Improvement Projects in Poverty Regions
A Joint Action by NHFPC and ACWF
Millions RMB No. provinces No. counties...
Project frame work NHFPC ACWF
Project office Dept. of WCH,NHFPC
Implement office NCMCH, China CDC
Expert group
Province of...
 YYB project is accepted by infants and caretakers, about 4.23 million children benefited.
 The implementing systems of ...
Provision of food supplements to socially deprived people: the YIN YAN BAO Programme in China, by Zhao Wenhua, Deputy Dire...
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Provision of food supplements to socially deprived people: the YIN YAN BAO Programme in China, by Zhao Wenhua, Deputy Director, National Institute for Nutrition and Health - Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention

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"www.fao.org/about/meetings/sustainable-food-systems-nutrition-symposium

The International Symposium on Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets and Improved Nutrition was jointly held by FAO and WHO in December 2016 to explore policies and programme options for shaping the food systems in ways that deliver foods for a healthy diet, focusing on concrete country experiences and challenges. This Symposium waas the first large-scale contribution under the UN Decade of Action for Nutrition 2016-2025. This presentation was part of Parallel session 2.3: Increasing access to healthy diets through social protection and income generation strategies"

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Provision of food supplements to socially deprived people: the YIN YAN BAO Programme in China, by Zhao Wenhua, Deputy Director, National Institute for Nutrition and Health - Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention

  1. 1. Nutrition Improvement of Population in Poor Areas -YingYangBao Program in China Wenhua Zhao National Institute for Nutrition and Health, China CDC 1-2 December, 2016 Rome
  2. 2. Nutrition Status of Infant and Young Children in China Rates, % Stunting 18.7 Underweight 5.2 Wasting 3.0 Growth of children under 5 in poor rural areas, 2013 Yu DM et al BES 2016 20.6 25.7 41.9 44.2 43.1 40.3 10.3 15.8 30.3 27.7 29.2 24.3 10 14.5 26.7 25.3 31.4 26.4 5.6 6.7 14.1 13.3 13.7 11.1 6.6 12.1 22.8 22.5 23.3 20.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 0- 6- 12- 24- 36- 48-60 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 2010 2010 poor R Stunting% Age in Months The peak of stunting ratio is at 18 and 24 months, and no further changes until 5 years old. The critical period is under 24 months Chen CM,1990-2010 children nutrition surveillance data 38.7 53.1 34.1 21.3 14.7 13 21.4 40.2 26.9 15.3 13.6 12 20.8 28.2 20.5 9 7.2 5.7 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0- 6- 12- 24- 36- 48-60 2000 2005 2010 Anemia prevalence by age groups in rural areas
  3. 3. Development of YYB in China 2000 2006 2012 Establish the base:  Complimentary food strategy was discussed by ADB, China CDC, UNICEF. The first YYB intervention study in 5 poor counties was conducted by Madam Chen CM (2001-2006) .  Nutritionists call on the government to scale up YYB. Scaling up by government :  MOH permitted the scaling up of YYB as a trial project supported by GAIN. Promoting projects were conducted in some regions.  National standard was established in 2008. GB/T 22570-2008  YYB has been used in intervention in 2008 Wenchuan earthquake regions in 8 counties of three provinces, supported by UNICEF and CDC. The established work model was successful. National nutrition improvement project in poor rural regions:  from 100 counties in 10 provinces to 341 counties in 21 provinces.  The fund for YYB and nutrition education increased from 100 millions to 500 millions RMB.  National food safety standard GB 22570-2014 promulgated. First phase Second phase Third phase R/D Application Scaling up, as national nutrition strategy
  4. 4. Nutrition Improvement Projects in Poverty Regions A Joint Action by NHFPC and ACWF Millions RMB No. provinces No. counties No. Children 2013 100 10 100 270,000 2014 300 21 300 830,000 2015 500 21 341 1,370,000 2016 500 21 341 1,430,000
  5. 5. Project frame work NHFPC ACWF Project office Dept. of WCH,NHFPC Implement office NCMCH, China CDC Expert group Province office PNHFPC and PWF County office CNHFPC and CWF MCH and WF Village doctors 6-24 mo. infants NINH, China CDC Leadership Technical support Implement institutions
  6. 6.  YYB project is accepted by infants and caretakers, about 4.23 million children benefited.  The implementing systems of MCH, LCDC and women federation at county-township- village level are efficient for the YYB project.  Results of monitoring showed that the coverage and compliance reached planned target. Reduction of stunting and anemia were remarkable. Future  Improve the bidding system of products supply, in order to assure the quality of products  Monitor and evaluate other indicators (cognitive performance, vitamins and minerals status), the cost-benefit analysis is important for policy-makers.  Marketing in urban and other rural areas Summary Thanks !

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