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Pastoralist Assembly of Central Asia (PACA) and Mongolian Pastoralist Alliance (MoPA)

Tumee Altansukh from the Mongolian Pastoralist Alliance presented the work of the Mongolian Pastoralist Alliance at the Partner's Meeting of the Pastoralist Knowledge Hub on April 3, 2017 at FAO in Rome, Italy.

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Pastoralist Assembly of Central Asia (PACA) and Mongolian Pastoralist Alliance (MoPA)

  1. 1. Pastoralist Assembly of Central Asia (PACA) Mongolian Pastoralist Alliance (MoPA/MANIP) Mr Altansukh Tumee, Chairman of MoPA FAO, Rome, Italy 3 April 2017 Pastoralist Knowledge Hub
  2. 2. Content • Regional pastoral contexts and main challenges faced by pastoralists within the region • Strategies/activities carrying out to address these challenges • Issues to face in achieving success? How could those issues be overcome? • What support would need to overcome those issues? • What would be suggestions as potential strategies to address those challenges?
  3. 3. Central Asia (PACA) WEST CENTRAL ASIA CENTRAL ASIA INNER ASIA HIGH ASIA COUNTRIES: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Regions: Russia: Altai, Tuva, Buryatia China: Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, TAR, Sichuan, Qinghai, Gansu, Yunnan India: Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Ladakh Pakistan: Gilgit-Baltistan Nepal: Himalayan region
  4. 4. Governance
  5. 5. Mongolia:1,564,116 km2 ▪ Population 3,1 million ▪ 8th largest in Asia • 83,2% agricultural land • 5,1% urban areas • 1,4% water • 8,2, forest • 4,1% uneasy to use land • 112-113 million ha natural pasture land is constantly used • 21 million ha degraded land
  6. 6. FAO PKH – Central Asian Meeting, 2015
  7. 7. IFAD/VSF – Asian Regional Consultation and Farmers Forum, 2016
  8. 8. PACA and MoPA Advocacy Internationally: • Indigenous Terra Madre, Shillong, India, 2015 • Asian consultation with pastoralists and livestock breeders (Mongolia, January-2016) • Special Session on Pastoralists and Sixth Global Meeting of Farmers Forum, IFAD, Rome, Italy, 2016 • UNEA 2 Assembly and Side Event, Nairobi, Kenya, 2016 • PKH Side events, 2016 • International Rangelands Congress, Canada, 2016 • Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock (GASL) MSP, Panama, 2016 • International Symposium on Nutrition and Healthy Diets, FAO, 2016 • Salone del Gusto 2016, Italy, 2016 • Central Asian seminars (Xinjian, China), 2016 Nationally: • Young Herders – EcoBusiness, Mongolia, 2016 • Provincial and Country Pastoralists Forums
  9. 9. 1. Increase food supply 2. Produce internationally recognized foods 3. Connecting smallholders to markets 4. Develop models nationally and regionally 5. Achieve in food security and poverty reduction 6. Better cooperation between countries Why MoPA?
  10. 10. Main challenges faced by pastoralists within the region • High number of livestock, low productivity • Pastureland is taken over by mining • Climate change • Pasture degradation – fast intensity, lack of water, soil, sudden rainfall, cold winter-drought • Transboundary animal health issue (PPR, Sheep Pox, FMD, brucellosis) • Pastoralists Health at risk • Lack of market access • Food security and safety (healthy and safe food – lab assured)
  11. 11. Increased # of livestock in 5 types, about 60 million heads 3,295.3 3,780.4 22,592.9 24,592.9 368.0 3 12 1.5 Дэлхий Европ Хятад Монгол 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Экспортын өсөлт, %
  12. 12. Raw material Production Processing Fodder, hay, plants Water Salt, marsh Meat Milk Wool Cashmere Leather, fibre Fuel Livestock – live production
  13. 13. Climate change ▪ In 1905 photo by Sapojnikov ▪ In Sep, 2009 photo by G.Davaa In Altai Mountains
  14. 14. Strategies/activities carrying out to address these challenges • Value chains development • Linking producer groups to national processing factories - direct supply of livestock raw materials • Building good relationships with Government (GASL, MASL, IYRP, etc) • Building effective partnership with FAO globally and nationally • Timely communication and information sharing with pastoralist members • By herders for herders activities – good practices (Cooperative, Business Planning, Marketing)
  15. 15. Key strategy of pastoralism People Nomadic, transhumant, agro- pastoralists Pasture range land Livestock Extensive livestock production Mobility Traditional knowledge Flexibility Adaptation Mutual support Diversification Conservation Ecosystem services Resilience Rangeland biodiversity Well-being of livestock Mobile culture
  16. 16. Issues to face in achieving success? How could those issues be overcome? • Sustainable Livestock Strategy – model at regional and national level – MASL/Mongolian Agenda for Sustainable Livestock • Animal health • Traceability system • From volume to quality strategy • Knowledge and information for pastoralists • Value of pastoralists • Mobile culture and tradition • Land tenure issues • Free-range animal products for export market
  17. 17. INTENSIVE LIVESTOCK Sustainable manure management Poultry and swine Field pea for poultry with wheat and chicken manure * reduce carbon and footprint EXTENSIVE LIVESTOCK Agroecology and value chain approach Sheep, goat, camel, cow, yak, horse and reindeer * Agroecological product based on nature, rangeland fed animals, branding, value chains MONGOLIAN AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVESTOCK
  18. 18. Support needed • Institutional capacity of Pastoralist organization – MoPA • Resource allocation on the addressed issues (technical and financial) • Information and experience sharing • Activities on improving value of pastoralists • Evidence and data collection of pastoralists and pastoralism
  19. 19. Potential strategies • Close collaboration of Pastoralist Networks like MoPA with Government, FAO and Partners • National Agenda for Sustainable Livestock • Private sector involvement – local resource – value chain development – market access • Climate Smart Agriculture • Policy change
  20. 20. Message to the Partners Despite distance, let`s bring the issues, go together with one goal, let`s not wait for tomorrow but let`s do it today! One voice, one view and one direction!
  21. 21. Partners
  22. 22. Анхаарал тавьсанд баярлалаа!