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Overview of Solomon Islands agricultural census 2017


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Overview of Solomon Islands agricultural census 2017

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Overview of Solomon Islands agricultural census 2017

  1. 1. Regional Workshop for Monitoring the SDGs related to Food and Agriculture Sector and on the WCA 2020 Nadi, Fiji 6-10 November 2017 Technical Session: 18 Douglas Kimi Government Statistician National Statistics Office 1
  2. 2. PRESENTATION OUTLINE  Background  Government Policy Statements  Authority and Legislation  Planning for Agriculture Census  Budget Submission  Survey Design  Survey Instruments  Survey Operations  Census on Commercial Farms/Holdings  Lessons Learnt and Opportunities 2
  3. 3.  There has never been a AC in the Solomon Islands  The latest agriculture survey is conducted in 1986-7 (partial coverage)  Why it is important to conduct Agricultural Census in SI?  To provide policy makers with minimum set of core data, for evidence- based policy development for project monitoring and evaluation purposes: I. developing a new Agriculture Sector Plan II.understanding impact of existing programs on agricultural production and practices III.identifying new areas for investment in development of new high-value crops/tree crops  For benchmark information on Agriculture  To provide sampling frames for follow-up agricultural sample surveys  To establish a sustainable plan for ensuring regular updating of agriculture, forestry, fishery and livestock data 3 Background
  4. 4. The current government Policy Statements for Agriculture and Livestock Development are: ‘To work towards food security and poverty alleviation for the nation and ensure a healthy, literate and contented population.’ AND ‘To ensure the sustainable utilization and conservation of natural resources, protection of the environment and successfully combating the adverse effect of climate change.’ Agriculture and Livestock development is mandated to: ◦ Facilitate and support development of commercial agriculture ◦ Facilitate research and development of high value crops ◦ Facilitate acquisition of Russell Islands Plantation Estates ◦ Support agro-forestry development ◦ Promote oil palm development in other parts of the country ◦ Facilitate and support the development of the livestock industry 4 Government Policy Statements
  5. 5. Authority and Legislation  The Government Statistician has authority – empowered and guided by the Statistics Act 1970 (its subsequent amendment 2007), and the Census Act 1959  The SINSO is a central official statistical agency, whose mandate is to collect, process, analyse and disseminate core official statistics for the purposes of policy and planning, decision making and public debate.  SINSO is also implementing the National Statistics Development Strategy NSDS 2015-2035 (20 years strategy) - endorsed by the SI Government in November 2016. NSO is currently rolling-out the strategy 5
  6. 6. Planning for Agriculture Census  Ministry of Agriculture & Livestock MAL communicated with FAO mid-2014 for agriculture census as priority project for Solomon Islands and requested FAO to begin implementation  MAL developed a plan to conduct the Agriculture Census in 2016  Under the Country Partnership Framework CPF with FAO (2013- 17) US$200k was set aside to country allocation for Agricultural Census  FAO secured services of a Statistics Consultant to begin consultation and planning, in Nov 2014  A pre-planned FAO mission, involving consultation of all national stakeholders, took place in Honiara 9 - 12 March, 2015 6
  7. 7. Budget Submission  In 2015 MAL submitted Development budget of USD$3.8million to SI Govt. to conduct the Agricultural Census  FAO committed USD$200,000 - for Technical Assistance  SPC committed USD$150,000 - for Technical Assistance  Unfortunately, the budget approved by SI government totalled US$264k, the money was not enough to conduct the Census. NSO when consulted by MAL to execute a census, with this budget allocation, used the money for recruitment of Secretariat and for administrative cost. A decision to conduct AS was final  In the 2016 SINSO requested US$800k for the 2017 budget and the government made available through supplementary USD$2.4million for the Agriculture Survey and five other NSO projects, 2017 7
  8. 8. Brief Sampling Design  A two stage stratified sampling procedure was adopted to select the sample households for survey.  Each of the ten provinces including Honiara will be treated as separate stratum in order to provide estimates for the provinces.  The census enumeration areas (EAs) will be selected from each stratum as first stage units (FSUs) or primary stage units (PSUs) using probability proportional to size (number of households).  In the second stage, the households are selected from the selected EAs systematically with a random start. Sample Size A total of 176 EAs and 4,224 households was selected for survey. Based on the sampling design, the sample list for the survey has been drawn and provided by the SPC 8 Survey Design
  9. 9.  FAO consultant support the questionnaire design and the manual for the survey  The Tonga questionnaire was used as a template to design the Solomon Islands Agriculture survey  During the training of trainers, a Pilot survey was done and  During the training of the enumerators/supervisors a pretest of the questionnaire was done in several EAs  Actually the training proper was done by the FAO Consultant 9 Survey Instruments
  10. 10. Survey Operations  A total of 88 field officer comprise of 66 enumerators and 22 supervisors were recruited and trained to take part in field operation  A total 22 teams consist of 4 field officers 3 enumerators and 1 supervisor per team.  Each team will interview 24 households per EA, in one week  A total of 8 weeks was planned to complete the survey operation. Completed as scheduled in 1st week of October 2017  Data editing, tabulation and reporting will be done before the end of December 2017 10
  11. 11. Census on Commercial Farms/Holdings  A list of Commercial farms/holding was provided by Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock MAL  A decision to do Census on the identified Commercial farms/ holdings.  NSO economics Unit with the support of the resident NSO Advisor prepare the Questionnaire and the manual for the Commercial Farms.  MAL Extension officers are trained to take the responsibility of conducting the Census of Commercial farms  Due to availability of Funds, the Census field operation starts this month and will end in December/January 11
  12. 12. Lessons Learnt & Opportunities  The SINSO through the NSDS must dialogue with SI Government - must set aside a budget for Agriculture Census in 2021/22  Under the NSDS, Development Partners dialogue is important to support AC data collection  Proper planning for Agriculture Census is important – say 24 to 36 months before field operations  Make advocacy programs through the Provincial Government and Agriculture extension services to ensure the people take ownership of data to be collected and to assist the field officers do their work effectively  Right questions, inclusion of relevant items and also the country specific questions are important  This workshop is timely for NSO as plans to do the AC 2020 round is forth-coming 12
  13. 13. Thank you 1