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MONITORING THE DEVELOPMENT AND
IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICIES AND ACTIONS
TO PROMOTE HEALTHY DIET AND NUTRITION
Dr Chizuru Nis...
2009-2010: 1st Global Nutrition Policy Review
 123 countries responded
 Information on nutrition governance (incl. capac...
 101 countries have reported the total of 434 policy documents
 77 of 101 countries reported a total of 115 comprehensiv...
 44 countries developed comprehensive nutrition policies/plans during last
5 years
 18 countries during the last 2 years...
 12 food security and agriculture policy documents were reported by 10 countries
 E.g. Agriculture investment plan, Food...
 35 development plans which include nutrition and diet components were reported by
27 countries
 E.g. Development plan, ...
Key policy actions and measures
to promote healthy diets & nutrition
(86 countries)
% of countries
Regional differences in implementing key policy
actions to promote healthy diets and nutrition
% of countries
% of countri...
Key messages
1. Over 60% of countries (77 countries) have comprehensive nutrition policies and
strategies
 Approximately ...
Acknowledgement:
WHO HQ (Nutrition Policy and Scientific Advice Unit)
• Kaia Engesveen
• Ellen Andresen
WHO Regional Offic...
Special Event
German Room, 13:30 – 14:45, 2 December 2016
WHO side event on:
"Meeting the challenge of a new era
for achie...
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Mapping food and nutrition security policies, by Chizuru Nishida, Coordinator Nutrition Policy & Scientific Advice, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD) - World Health Organization

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The International Symposium on Sustainable Food Systems for Healthy Diets and Improved Nutrition was jointly held by FAO and WHO in December 2016 to explore policies and programme options for shaping the food systems in ways that deliver foods for a healthy diet, focusing on concrete country experiences and challenges. This Symposium waas the first large-scale contribution under the UN Decade of Action for Nutrition 2016-2025. This presentation was part of Parallel session 3.1: Designing, implementing and monitoring evidence-based policies effectively with multiple actors"

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Mapping food and nutrition security policies, by Chizuru Nishida, Coordinator Nutrition Policy & Scientific Advice, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD) - World Health Organization

  1. 1. MONITORING THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICIES AND ACTIONS TO PROMOTE HEALTHY DIET AND NUTRITION Dr Chizuru Nishida Coordinator, Nutrition Policy and Scientific Advice Unit Department of Nutrition for Health and Development World Health Organization
  2. 2. 2009-2010: 1st Global Nutrition Policy Review  123 countries responded  Information on nutrition governance (incl. capacities, coordination mechanisms, surveillance)  Assessment of policies and actions in 6 areas: 1) IYCN (incl SAM/MAM, nutrition & infectious diseases), 2) International Code of Marketing of BMS, 3) School- based programmes, 4) Vitamins and minerals, 5) Obesity and diet-related NCD, 6) Food security and agriculture policies  Data incorporated into WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA) http://www.who.int/nutrition/gina/en/  Results served as background for developing CIP-MIYCN – Final report published in 2013 WHO's work on monitoring policies and actions to promote healthy diets and nutrition 1993-2001: Monitoring implementation of 1992 ICN commitments  Regular review and monitoring of country progress through regional review meetings between 1992 - 2001  Monitoring of development, operationalization & implementation of multisectoral national plans of action on nutrition addressing the double burden of malnutrition based on 9 strategic actions  WHO Global Database on National Nutrition Policies and Programmes 2016: 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review  125 countries responded to date (60%) – on-going  Information on nutrition governance (incl. capacities, coordination mechanisms, surveillance)  Assessment of policies and actions in 6 areas: 1) MIYCN, 2) Prevention & treatment of acute malnutrition, 3) Nutrition and infectious diseases, 4) School health & nutrition programmes, 5) Vitamin and mineral nutrition, 6) Promotion of healthy diet and prevention of overweight, obesity and diet-related NCDs  Coverage/inclusion of Global Nutrition and diet-related NCD Targets in national policies  Data will be incorporated into GINA  Results will contribute to:  Monitoring of ICN2 FFA implementation  Assessing baseline for the Decade of Action on Nutrition
  3. 3.  101 countries have reported the total of 434 policy documents  77 of 101 countries reported a total of 115 comprehensive nutrition policies and strategies Comprehensive nutrition policy E.g. national nutrition policy, national plan of action on nutrition (77 countries) Focused nutrition policy E.g. anaemia reduction strategy, IYCF policy (54 countries) NCD/healthy diet policy E.g. national NCD prevention and management plan, diabetes strategy (35 countries) Health sector policy E.g. HSSP, national health plan, child health policy (52 countries) Food security and agriculture policy E.g. food security policy, food policy (10 countries) Development plan E.g. PRSP, national development plan (27 countries) Legislation and voluntary codes E.g. marketing codes, labelling laws (16 countries) Other (13 countries) How comprehensive are the national nutrition plans? Whether food security and agriculture policies include diet and nutrition targets? Whether national development plans include nutrition? 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review Preliminary results No. of documents ICN2 FFA
  4. 4.  44 countries developed comprehensive nutrition policies/plans during last 5 years  18 countries during the last 2 years – i.e. since ICN2 Development/updating of national nutrition plans Coverage of global targets in comprehensive nutrition policies developed during the past 2 years (18 countries)
  5. 5.  12 food security and agriculture policy documents were reported by 10 countries  E.g. Agriculture investment plan, Food policy, Food and nutrition security strategy Inclusion of diet and nutrition targets in food security and agriculture policies/strategies Coverage of global targets in food security and agriculture policies (10 countries)
  6. 6.  35 development plans which include nutrition and diet components were reported by 27 countries  E.g. Development plan, PRSP, Sustainable development strategy Inclusion of nutrition objectives into development plans Coverage of global targets in national development plans (27 countries)
  7. 7. Key policy actions and measures to promote healthy diets & nutrition (86 countries) % of countries
  8. 8. Regional differences in implementing key policy actions to promote healthy diets and nutrition % of countries % of countries (22 countries) (15 countries) (10 countries) (17 countries) (10 countries) (12 countries)
  9. 9. Key messages 1. Over 60% of countries (77 countries) have comprehensive nutrition policies and strategies  Approximately 60% (44) of those countries have developed/updated them during the last 5 years  23% (18) of them have developed(updated during the last 2 years – after ICN2 2. Many food security and agriculture policies/strategies include undernutrition related goals/targets, but not diet-related NCD goals/targets. Some have started to include obesity concerns. 3. Incorporating of nutrition objectives/goals in national development policies is still a challenge – when included, they are focused on IYCN, but very few on obesity/diet-related NCDs 4. There are more countries taking actions to promote healthy diet and nutrition  Including regulator actions (i.e. reformulation, taxation, TFA ban, restriction of marketing)  But not in countries in Africa and South East Asia  In all Regions, actions to change people's behaviours (i.e. dietary guidance, education, counselling, advocacy) are implemented widely  Implementation of nutrition labelling is increasing rapidly in all Regions
  10. 10. Acknowledgement: WHO HQ (Nutrition Policy and Scientific Advice Unit) • Kaia Engesveen • Ellen Andresen WHO Regional Offices • AFRO: Adelheid Onyango, Hana Bekele, Elisa Dominguez • AMRO: Cintia Lombardi, Fabio Da Silva Gomes • EMRO: Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh • EURO: Joao Breda, Jo Jewell • SEARO: Angela De Silva • WPRO: Katrin Engelhardt
  11. 11. Special Event German Room, 13:30 – 14:45, 2 December 2016 WHO side event on: "Meeting the challenge of a new era for achieving healthy diets and nutrition: Outcomes of the 2nd Global Nutrition Policy Review"

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