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Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management (VGSSM)

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Fifth Asian Soil Partnership workshop
26 February - 1 March 2019, New Delhi, India
Pitayakon Limthong, National Focal Point for Thailand

Published in: Education
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Implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Sustainable Soil Management (VGSSM)

  1. 1. OBJECTIVE OF THE WORKSHOP  To identify all actions that have to be taken to implement SSM in Thailand - National analysis - Identification of priority areas of intervention - Identification of activities to implement at the national level and in the priority areas - Etc. • Strategy (step by step) • Baseline for writing project proposals Outcomes:
  2. 2. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN BARRIERS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VGSSM IN THAILAND Barriers • Changes in governmental policies • Farmers are production oriented (little attention to the environment if this affects their income) • Availability of financial resources/ low income of the farmers/ little financial resources made available by the government (link to NLPC). Proposal to prepare action plans at the provincial level in line with the timeframe of the NLPC (5 years time span) • Administration issues • Need to identify implementing actors of the proposed activities • “Community farmers follow their leader”: need to convince influential people Need to change the mindset of the farmers
  3. 3. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN BARRIERS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VGSSM IN THAILAND Challenges • Change the mindset of administrative people first (they should allocate budget on soil), then change the mindset of farmers (they should trust the government) • Farmers should be the priority and should aim to become independent Soil heterogeneity (Science & technology, engineering management –STEM - for SSM) • Bring technology to the farmers and convince them to use it • Attract/convince farmers to change their practices using fast growing cash crops • Capacity building making use of successful case studies and demonstration plots
  4. 4. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN BARRIERS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VGSSM IN THAILAND Opportunities • SSM is not new to Thailand so that officers are well educated/prepared on it • 70,000 volunteer Soil Doctors • Make better use of the NLPC (Five years Plan of Thailand) for budget allocation • Create incentives for a change in agricultural practices linking to the private sector • Better use of communication and networks • Use global challenges like climate change to get all stakeholders to act in a collaborative way • Make better use of all the existing work done by the different stakeholders
  5. 5. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN BARRIERS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VGSSM IN THAILAND Recommended practices • Soil improvements • Look for filling gaps in knowledge and practices; what did we not do already? • Look for acceptable and accessible measures to be implemented by the farmers • Large scale management and cost sharing approach • Solving problem according to constraint and land use (site- specific recommendations) • Promote existing technology, especially that developed by Thailand • Site specific management/ precision agriculture • Database development (including indigenous knowledge) and dissemination • Strengthen the link of farmers with culture and religion
  6. 6. Outputs of the Workshop The priority areas of intervention  Imbalance nutrients/ development of fertilizer application  The New Theory and the Sufficient Economy for Agriculture  Saline soil management  Highland agricultural management
  7. 7. Thanks for your attention

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