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Grenada - Theme 6&7 - Agricultural practices and services update

Grenada - Theme 6&7 - Agricultural practices and services update

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Grenada - Theme 6&7 - Agricultural practices and services update

  1. 1. Regional Roundtable on World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2020 Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 22-26 May 2017 Grenada Census of Agriculture 2012: Items on Agricultural Practices and Services Technical Session 10 1 Rachael Jacob Assistant Statistician Central Statistical Office Ministry of Finance
  2. 2. 2 Content of Presentation Acronyms Background Agriculture Practices Information from GAC 2012 Agriculture Services Information from GAC 2012 Challenges Recommendations / Way Forward
  3. 3. 3 Acronyms GAC – Grenada Agriculture Census MoA / DoA – Ministry or Department of Agriculture GCA – Grenada Cocoa Association GCNA – Grenada Co-operative Nutmeg Association MNIB – Marketing & National Importing Board CARDI – Caribbean Agriculture Research & Development Institute. IICA – Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture NGO – Non-governmental Organisation GOAM – Grenada Organisation for Agriculture Movement
  4. 4. 4 Background Much was not asked on Agricultural practices and services in earlier censuses, however we continue to increase the number of questions with each census. Areas covered in the 2012 Agriculture Census: - How is the harvested temporary crops disposed; - Use of Chemical Fertilizers, in the reference year; - Use of organic manure or agro-chemicals; - Level of use; - Ownership status of farm machinery and equipment that provide services to the farmer; - Where does the farmer sell the produce;
  5. 5. Areas covered in the 2012 Agriculture Census cont’ - Receipt of technical assistance /information; - Access to credit; - Records kept; - Practice of Agro-forestry. Number of trees. Mahogany, White Cedar, Red Cedar, Blue Mahoe In cases where practiced most farmers met the trees on the land. Agro-forestry - households questions (GAC-1) Agricultural practices and services - farmers (GAC-2) 5 Background
  6. 6. 6 Theme 6 – Agricultural practices Parish No. of Households Mahogany White Cedar Red Cedar Blue Mahoe St. George 95 523 411 29 25 St. John 29 791 222 65 651 St. Mark 9 98 63 19 30 St. Patrick 106 2,594 1,036 136 113 St. Andrew 76 1,381 448 382 85 St. David 66 600 373 53 50 Carriacou 10 15 81 4 0 Petit Martinique 1 2 0 0 0 TOTAL 392 6,004 2,634 688 954 Households with Agro forestry
  7. 7. Light - 1 – 5 times per year; Medium - 6 – 11 times per year; Heavy - more than 12 times per year. About 35% reported that they use agro-chemicals and the majority reported light use. 7 Theme 6 – Agricultural practices
  8. 8. Farms which used Fertilizers and Agro-chemicals during the Census year by Parish Parish Chemical Fertilizer Organic Manure Fungicide Herbicide Insecticide Other Pesticides St. George 411 721 38 38 82 49 St. John 427 327 64 124 94 51 St. Mark 113 95 14 22 3 2 St. Patrick 484 526 67 87 93 45 St. Andrew 1,277 1,219 161 273 283 136 St. David 536 740 81 86 147 95 Carriacou & PM 9 83 7 9 15 7 TOTAL 3,257 3,711 432 637 717 385 8
  9. 9. 9 Theme 6 Agricultural practices
  10. 10. 10 Theme 6 Agricultural practices Farm Equipment / Machinery – Owned, Rented, Borrowed or Government Hired No. of Farms Amount Owned Amount Rented, Borrowed or Hired Brush /Line cutters 1,260 1,384 131 Knapsack sprayers 664 706 176 Motor vehicles 511 529 95 Chain saws 500 531 63 Mist Blowers 54 59 17 Plucking machines 29 29 2 Ploughs 39 41 98 Seed planters 28 38 6 Tractors 23 23 99 Water pumps 5 5 0
  11. 11. 11 Theme 6 Agricultural practices Parish No. of Farms Do not sell Sell Top places St. George 1,745 968 777 Road side vending -272, Supermarkets – 266 Other Markets – 227, On Farm - 198 St. John 826 308 518 Road side vending – 231, Associations – 214, Municipal market – 146, On farm - 135 St. Mark 309 78 231 Association – 188, Road side vending – 40, Traffickers – 22, MNIB - 19 St. Patrick 1,346 334 1,012 Associations – 691, Road side vending – 232, MNIB – 183, traffickers - 179 St. Andrew 3,044 846 2,198 Associations – 1,170, Road side vending -557, On farm – 562 Other markets - 351 St. David 1,649 768 881 Supermarkets – 365, Road side venting – 250, Associations – 238, Other markets - 186 Carriacou & PM 426 264 162 On farm – 97, Other markets – 48 Road side vending – 46, Supermarkets - 28 TOTAL 9,345 3,566 5,579 Just about 60% of farmers sell their produce. Sale of Produce during the Census Year
  12. 12. 12 Theme 7 – Agricultural services
  13. 13. Many farmers were reluctant to answer questions that are financially related. Only 139 (1.5%) responded Yes. Sources of Information 13 Theme 7 – Agricultural services Farmers Commercial bank / credit union Farmer Organisations MoA / MNIB Other 139 57 8 57 17 Farme rs MOA/ DOA Farm Organ Media NGO Chines e Mission CARDI IICA Other NIS 653 467 75 19 31 26 24 10 1
  14. 14. 14 ChallengesRecord Keeping: • Only 8% (1 in 12 ) farmers stated that they kept farm records. This makes obtaining accurate information difficult. • Little or no records on the number of days equipment was used. • Quantities used has always had low response and may continue to prove difficult in future censuses. Confidentiality issues: • A challenge asking about Credit since many farmers were reluctant to answer questions related to financing. With the lack of record keeping and persons reluctance to answer financial relate questions getting information on issues like collateral for loan, length of loan, would be difficult.
  15. 15. - Education and training in record keeping to encourage farmers to keep records. - Specialized surveys be conducted eg. Irrigation, poultry - Increase Public Relations and have programmes explaining the reason for and the type of information gathered in the next census. - Conduct part of the census at a later date if possible or over the phone. Especially if it goes over 45 – 60 minutes. - More focus to be placed on GOAM and its impact on organic farming. - Look at the use of organic pesticides. 15 Recommendations / Way Forward
  16. 16. - Training in calculating area/ create awareness of area calculation. - Use of CAPI for data collection. - Use of smaller measurement (feet) in calculating very small areas. 16 Recommendations / Way Forward
  17. 17. Thank you 1

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