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Fisheries Presentation

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The presentation emphasize on the small-scale fisheries value chain

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Fisheries Presentation

  1. 1. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018 Fisheries Tenure Team Policy, Economics and Institutions Branch (FIAP) Lechuga, Kitolelei, Wang, Acquaye, HimesCornell, Oh, Metzner
  2. 2. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Introduction, Overview Changing tenure, changing outcomes • Role play • Group discussion on outcomes • Emerging key issues/challenges, prospects/opportunities Note: Emphasis on small-scale fisheries value chain
  3. 3. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Main Actors The Elders: • Decision takers and rule makers • Entrusted by the community for taking care of it • They take into consideration the opinion of the community when listening making the rules The Fishermen: • Only men fish in the community. • Usually the eldest sons of fishermen’s families. • Main activity and role is to catch the fish and they give it to their wives .
  4. 4. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Main Actors The Women: • Take care of feeding the family. • Process the fish that is not used for self-consumption by drying and smoking it. • Sell all to the merchants that come to the community (work as a group, sell at same price). • They keep the family’s money. The Merchants: • Wander from fishing community to fishing community along the edge of the Big Sea. • Buy the dried, smoked fish from the women of the communities in exchange of money • Give the possibility of buying other things (as fabrics) • Sell the fish in the big towns located inland Extra: Mobile phones mean they are informed (via SMS) of different city market prices
  5. 5. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme A sea change The Elders, convinced by their sons, they are willing to ensure 3 new things: 1) Ensuring access rights of the fishermen in the community • Access to the traditional fishing ground by legal entitlement • Fishermen that no longer fish have to sell or loan their fishing rights 2) Consultative decision making • Future new laws based on consultation with the people in the community • First consultation a week after the merchants have come to trade 3) The women of the community are the only ones entitled to possess the fish • What a fishermen catch must to be given to his wife • In case of not having a wife, the catch must to be given out in equal shares to the wives of his brothers • If he does not have brother, the fish must go to his aunts and the wives of his uncle.
  6. 6. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme A sea change How will the different actors behave now that the Elders have implemented new rules?
  7. 7. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme For discussion What changes will occur? 1. Will Fisherman #4 get to fish? 2. Will Merchant #1 only buy from the women? 3. How Can Merchant #3 work with Fisherman #2? 4. Will Woman #1 go independent from the community?
  8. 8. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Key issues, challenges • The hidden stakeholders with weak tenure • Marginalization / unequal participation, involvement / unequal distribution of benefits • Recognition & respect • Transparency & accountability • Technology, infrastructure • Post harvest losses • Limited value addition • Evolving trade regulations, limited information flows • Insufficient landing, processing, marketing infrastructure • Political will, sector governance • Lack of valuation of ssf sector • Insecure tenure leading to displacement
  9. 9. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Key prospects • Recognizing the hidden stakeholders • Improving post-harvest • Improvements in handling, processing • Loss reduction, value addition • Socially sustainable value chains • Increasing political will, sectoral governance • Changing generations • SDGs – gender, Indigenous People • Disruptive technologies • ICT developments
  10. 10. 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme Key opportunities • Balances of power shifting • Empowerment of marginalized sectors, stakeholders • Improved governance, policy, management frameworks • VGGT, SSF Guidelines, RAI, SGDs • Increased sector advocacy • Growing recognition (and mapping) of land – forestry – fisheries nexus Submerged forests, fisheries Mangrove-based fisheries Landing/drying-smoking sites Watershed management Benthic resources
  11. 11. Thank you! The fisheries tenure team 7th Capitalization Meeting EU Land Governance Programme FAO Rome, Italy 26 – 29 June, 2018

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