CONTENTContact informationHistory of the exhibitionPromoters and partnersTechnical CommitteeGetting hereThe Herrerías BuildingTimes and admissionsExponav’s video introductionThematic areas of the exhibition
HISTORY OF THE EXHIBITIONThe National Shipbuilding Exhibition (EXPONAV) was born thanks to an agreement between the Association of NavalEngineers of Spain (AINE) and the Spanish Navy (Ministry of Defense) in 1994, and alter the interest showed and the workcarried out by the Foundation for the Promotion of Shipbuilding and Maritime Activities Knowledge, founded in 2004 andset up by the Spanish Navy, the Association of Naval Engineers of Spain, the University of A Coruña, the Xunta de Galicia,the Town Council of Ferrol, the Regional Council of A Coruña, Navantia, Innovamar, among others. This museum wasinaugurated on the 10th of March, 2008, and HRHs the King and Queen of Spain and HRHs Prince and Princess of Asturiaspresided the ceremony.The museum was created to be used as a meeting place for the society, industry and scientific community. Its permanentexhibition will make easier the understanding of this technology and the knowledge of our shipping history, in order tounderstand better the present and the future.It is the main Spanish museum about the history of shipbuilding. The exhibition includes an awesome collection of piecesfrom the 18th century until today, and it offers an informative view on the most important milestones related to this activityin Spain.Step by step we will see the development of shipping architecture and shipbuilding throughout last centuries, as well as theevolution of ship shapes and the development of naval dockyards. In this tour around shipbuilding techniques and materialsused, we can learn about different aspects related to this matter: from technological and tools development, to the mostimportant moment, the launching and the floating.
PROMOTERS AND PARTNERSThe following organizations have contributed and collaborated with EXPONAV:Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Public Works, Xunta de Galicia, Ferrol City Council, University of La Coruña (FerrolCampus), County Council of La Coruña, Spanish Marine Engineers Association (AINE), Innovamar, Spanish EngineeringInstitute, Port Authority of Ferrol-San Cibrao, Fundación Nova CaixaGalicia and Ferrol Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
TECHNICAL COMMITTEEFrom the beginning of the project, under the protection of the Convention, a Technical Committee was established, headedby the Spanish Marine Engineers Association (AINE).Apart from professionals from the Spanish Marine Engineers Association, there are other people from other institutionscollaborating in the technical committee, in order to provide technical support to the management: staff from the SpanishNavy, interns from the University of La Coruña, wooden boat building associations, historians, researchers, etc.
GETTING HEREThe National Shipbuilding Exhibition (Exponav) is located in Ferrol, in the Cantón de Molins area. The building that hoststhis permanent exhibition is called the Herrerías Building.Clicking on the image above Google Maps will open so that you will be able to find your way to where we are.
THE HERRERÍAS BUILDINGThis great industrial building was built in the 18th century. It belongs to Neoclassical Academicism style. The design, made byan unknown author, was approved by Carlos III, on 26 September 1781, and it apparently followed an earlier draft of JuliánSánchez Bort. It was designed to host the smithies (Herrerías, hence its name) of shipyards and the ones from the SpanishNavy Dockyard in Ferrol. There is not documentation about the structural solutions used in this building: Bolts embedded inthe columns and pilasters attached to each other by tie rods..The Herrerías Building is 100 m. long and 21m. wide and is divided into two parts. Bothparts are covered by solid vaults which rest on132 ashlar arches, which make the buildingvery light.The area aligned from East to West has threevaulted rooms and two courtyards, with twosections each one. In these courtyards, thereare two drinking water wells, despite thebuilding was built in a tidal area. Forges wereplaced in this section, where heavy andhammer works were carried out. There wereabout 32 forges, four of them with a huge sizegiven over to build anchors. About 144 peopleworked in this workshop.
The other part, aligned from North to South, has only two rows of arches, and smaller smithy works werefinished there. It was also used for foundry. It is worth mentioning the building of forges. The smoke neverdisturbs the hundreds of workers in the building.The number of workers reached 386.The aim of this exhibition is tohighlight the enormous human effortthat was carried out within these wallsmore than 200 years ago, and to knowhow life was in the factory in Ferrolgolden age.The entrance to the exhibition isflanked by two stone lions, made in the18th century, which were placed on thetop of the “Grada de Los Leones” inEsteiro (Ferrol).
TIMES AND ADMISSION Opening hours: -Tuesday to Friday: 10.30 – 14.30 -Saturday, Sunday and bank holidays: 10.30 – 14.30 Admission costs: -Adults: 2€ - Children under 15 and adulsts over 65: 1€ -Children under 12: Free Opening hours in SUMMER: -Tuesday to Saturday: 10.30 – 14.30 y 17.00 – 19.30 -Monday, Sunday and bank holidays: 10.30 – 14.30Group visits:Guided tours for groups need to pre-book. Guidedtours for groups are only available for groups of 10or more. In order to request a group visit contact usin advance:-E-mail: email@example.com- Teléfono: (+34)981336017-Fax: (+34)336276Group admission costs:-Groups (up to 30 people): 15 €
EXPONAV’S VIDEO INTRODUCTIONBy clicking on the image below you will be able to watch our video introduction hosted in our YouTube channel.:www.youtube.com/ExponavFerrol
THEMATIC AREAS OF THE EXHIBITIONIt is divided into five different areas: “La Construcción” (The Building), “Los Buques” (The Vessels), “La Fundición y lasFraguas” (Foundry and Forges), “Astano: un milagro en la ría (Astano: a miracle in the estuary) and “La Armada Española”(The Spanish Navy).On the ground floor, the first stage of this tour is the Shipbuilding. This area is divided into five sections. In the first one, thedi-fferent types of ship-yards are explained. The second is focused on the structural building and ships outfitting. The thirdsection presents a historical overview about the different buil-ding materials used from the 18th century till today. The nextsection is about moulds, which belong to the design process. Finally, this area shows other materials used in building.
The second area, called “Los Buques,” begins with the presentation of the ship project, its internal layout and the definitionof its external shape. The following section stu-dies the behaviour and movements of the vessel at sea, followed by theexplanation of the structural solu-tions taken. Next, we can find the introduction of several propulsion systems. Finally, thisarea finishes with the demonstration of several equipment and assistant services installed on ships.Before heading for the third area, called “La Fundición y las Fraguas”, we can move back in time and see how life was onboard a frigate in the 18th century. Then, we come back to present as we go into the rooms of a Spanish warship from the 21stcentury.
In the first floor of the building we can visit the fourth and the fifth area of the exhibition: “Astano: un milagro en la ría”(Astano: a miracle in the estuary) and “La Armada Española” (The Spanish Navy”.In the fourth one (“Astano: un milagro en la ría”) the visitor will have the opportunity to discover how a small shipbuildingcompany founded in 1941 became one of the most important shipbuilding companies in the world and certainly the mostimportant firm in the Ferrol area. In this area we have the opportunity to find out about the most important facts on Astano:its history, its workforce, the evolutions of its facilities, the ships that have been built, etc.The fifth thematic area of this exhibition is called “La Armada Española” (The Spanish Navy”). In this area visitors will beable to discover the history of the Spanish Navy, see some replicas of the ships that belonged to the Navy, etc.This exhibition, through its current five areas divided in rooms, will allow us to get a better knowledge and understanding ofshipbuilding and everything related to it.