XIXth Century- History of Spain Review

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XIXth Century- History of Spain Review

  1. 1. -History of Spain- Review of the Nineteenth Century
  2. 2. War of Independence 1808-1814 <ul><li>Napoleons Legacy </li></ul><ul><li>Triumvarate </li></ul><ul><li>Charles IV </li></ul><ul><li>-Godoy - Fernando </li></ul><ul><li>– Maria Louisa </li></ul><ul><li>Juntas of Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Guerrilla War </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution of Cadiz 1812 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>King of Spain: Joseph Bonaparte (Jose I) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Patriotic Rebellion’ May 2-3 1808 </li></ul>
  4. 5. Congress of Vienna 1815 <ul><li>Big Four: </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain, Austrian Empire, Russia and Prussia </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Alliance 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>Absolutist vs. Constitutional Monarchies </li></ul>
  5. 7. The Carlist Wars <ul><li>A dynastic dispute </li></ul><ul><li>An ideological war </li></ul><ul><li>A civil war </li></ul><ul><li>Carlism = Ancient Regime </li></ul><ul><li>Salic Law- </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando VII- Maria Cristina- Isabel </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Carlist War: 1833-39 </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Carlist War 1846-49 </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd Carlist War 1872-76 </li></ul>
  6. 8. Political Instability and Military Coups <ul><li>-40 ministries and 18 military coup attempts </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Pronunciamiento’- declarations </li></ul><ul><li>-Military generals---motors of political change </li></ul><ul><li>“ romantic militarism” </li></ul><ul><li>General Baldomoro Espartero: 1840 </li></ul><ul><li>-Becomes regent of Spain </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Glorious Revolution 1868 <ul><li>Isabel II forced to flee to France </li></ul><ul><li>General Prim -¨ Pronunciamiento ¨ </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution of 1869 </li></ul><ul><li>Amadeo of Savoy 1870-73 </li></ul><ul><li>First Spanish Republic 1873-74 </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Republicanism and Cantonism </li></ul>
  8. 10. The Restoration ‘ Pronunciamiento’ in the name of the Fatherland General Pavia and Martinez Campo Bourbons return: Alfonso XII (1874-85) Peaceful Alteration: Two party system Liberals & Conservative Party Marginalization of non-monarchical parties: Republicans, Regional nationalists, Anarchists
  9. 11. The Cuban Disaster : <ul><li>Cuban War 1868-78 </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish-American War 1898 </li></ul><ul><li>Effects of War: </li></ul><ul><li>USA becomes a world power or empire </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration receives a loss of faith </li></ul><ul><li>Spain loses world power status </li></ul><ul><li>Spain’s Identity Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Generation of 98’ </li></ul>
  10. 12. ‘ Generation of 98’ <ul><li>“ In Spain, there is a great deal to see and not much to eat” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Spain today rather than a nation is a cloud of dust remaining after a great people have galloped the highway of history” </li></ul><ul><li>Jose Ortega y Gasset </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our defects, or what others call our defects are usually the root of our excellencies” </li></ul><ul><li>Miguel de Unamuno </li></ul>

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