The Church & Military in Spain

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The Church & Military in Spain

  1. 1. Jaime Miguel Nieman Gonzàlez The Catholic Church and the Military
  2. 2. The Catholic Church <ul><li>The power base of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond a personal faith… </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic nature </li></ul><ul><li>Bishops and Parish priests </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional fucntions of Church as: </li></ul><ul><li>-Landlord </li></ul><ul><li>-Charitable institution </li></ul><ul><li>-Employer of Labor </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Anti-clericalism & Violence– </li></ul><ul><li>Late XIXth and early XXth Century </li></ul><ul><li>Second Republic 1931-36 </li></ul><ul><li>-Seperation of Church and State </li></ul><ul><li>-Ecclesiastical reforms </li></ul><ul><li>-Loss of power and privelage </li></ul><ul><li>Franco Reinstills Church´s predominance: </li></ul><ul><li>-Freedom of Worship abolished </li></ul><ul><li>-Divorce and Civil Marriage are illegal </li></ul><ul><li>-Control over education </li></ul><ul><li>-Exemption from taxation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Contemporary Issues for the Catholic Church <ul><li>Abortion </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Gay Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Cadena Cope: Church´s private radio station </li></ul><ul><li>Europa Press: Opus Dei </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Military <ul><li>III important elements: </li></ul><ul><li>I. Macrocephaly – Overabundance of officers and </li></ul><ul><li>generals </li></ul><ul><li>-Top heaviness based on Señority rather than ability </li></ul><ul><li>II. Patriotism </li></ul><ul><li>-defense of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>-Involvement in politics </li></ul><ul><li>- Failure of military victories since early 1800´s </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>III. Rejection of Civil Criticism </li></ul><ul><li>-popular hostility to conscription </li></ul><ul><li>- use of army to crush social agitation </li></ul><ul><li>Military culture: </li></ul><ul><li>-Hierarchical </li></ul><ul><li>-Authority & discipline </li></ul><ul><li>-Patriotism and Fatherland </li></ul><ul><li>-Victors of the Civil war </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Civil Guard-Guardia Civil-1844 </li></ul><ul><li>-militarization of police </li></ul><ul><li>Military´s political Role 1950´s </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial Deployment: </li></ul><ul><li>Troops concentrated near major cities </li></ul><ul><li>Crack armoured mobile units </li></ul><ul><li>FII: Fuerzas de Intervencion Inmediata </li></ul><ul><li>(Madrid, Sevilla, Valencia) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Contemporary Issues for Military <ul><li>Conscientious Objectors </li></ul><ul><li>Professionalization of Military </li></ul><ul><li>Role in International Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Carmen Chacon: Minister of Defense 2008 </li></ul>

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