Spain´s Historical Roots
A Dream of Empire  <ul><li>The sun that never set- 1498-1898 </li></ul>
-XIXth Century-  <ul><li>Spain is different! </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed Modern development </li></ul><ul><li>-Enlightenment...
Miguel Primo de Rivera 1920-30 <ul><li>National Unity and  </li></ul><ul><li>Regeneration from  </li></ul><ul><li>above </...
 
The Second Republic 1931-36 <ul><li>¨ La niña bonita ¨ </li></ul><ul><li>1st real attempt at representative democracy </li...
Spanish Civil War: 1936-39 <ul><li>A Civil Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Deep social, political, and economic divisions  </li...
<ul><li>NATIONALISTS   </li></ul><ul><li>Church   </li></ul><ul><li>Military   </li></ul><ul><li>Landowning classes   </li...
<ul><li>REPUBLICANS   </li></ul><ul><li>Socialists </li></ul><ul><li>Communists </li></ul><ul><li>Anarchists </li></ul><ul...
 
Francisco Franco´s Dictatorship <ul><li>Rise to Power and Consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>Modernist / Traditional </li></u...
Francisco Franco´s Legacy <ul><li>Myths of Franco </li></ul><ul><li>-Saviour of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>-World War II </li...
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Historical Roots of Spain

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Historical Roots of Spain

  1. 1. Spain´s Historical Roots
  2. 2. A Dream of Empire <ul><li>The sun that never set- 1498-1898 </li></ul>
  3. 3. -XIXth Century- <ul><li>Spain is different! </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed Modern development </li></ul><ul><li>-Enlightenment´s weak penetration </li></ul><ul><li>-Industrialization: Bilbao & Barcelona </li></ul><ul><li>- Nationalisms and Regional forces </li></ul><ul><li>Ideologies: Liberalism, Anarchism, Socialism, and Communism </li></ul><ul><li>Spainsh-American War 1898: Regeneration </li></ul>
  4. 4. Miguel Primo de Rivera 1920-30 <ul><li>National Unity and </li></ul><ul><li>Regeneration from </li></ul><ul><li>above </li></ul><ul><li>Main Features: </li></ul><ul><li>Paternalism </li></ul><ul><li>Populism </li></ul><ul><li>Machismo </li></ul><ul><li>Political Amateurism </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Second Republic 1931-36 <ul><li>¨ La niña bonita ¨ </li></ul><ul><li>1st real attempt at representative democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Counters European trends </li></ul><ul><li>Economic crisis and political extremism </li></ul><ul><li>High expectations cause popular disenchantment. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Spanish Civil War: 1936-39 <ul><li>A Civil Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Deep social, political, and economic divisions </li></ul><ul><li>existed in Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>An Ideological Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Internationalism vs. Conservativism </li></ul><ul><li>An International Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of USSR, Fascist Italy & Germany </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>NATIONALISTS </li></ul><ul><li>Church </li></ul><ul><li>Military </li></ul><ul><li>Landowning classes </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial classes </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchists </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>REPUBLICANS </li></ul><ul><li>Socialists </li></ul><ul><li>Communists </li></ul><ul><li>Anarchists </li></ul><ul><li>Regionalists </li></ul><ul><li>Left Republicans </li></ul>
  9. 11. Francisco Franco´s Dictatorship <ul><li>Rise to Power and Consolidation </li></ul><ul><li>Modernist / Traditional </li></ul><ul><li>Repression of Regional Cultures & Political Oponents </li></ul><ul><li>Cult of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Autarky- Years of Hunger 40´s </li></ul><ul><li>Pact of Madrid 1953- USA and Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Miracle 1961-73: Opus Dei- Technocrats </li></ul>
  10. 12. Francisco Franco´s Legacy <ul><li>Myths of Franco </li></ul><ul><li>-Saviour of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>-World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish political culture </li></ul><ul><li>-Authoritarian past </li></ul><ul><li>-Political Passivity </li></ul><ul><li>-Attempted elimination of radicalisation/polarisation </li></ul>

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