Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Citation Needed: Digital Provenance in the era of Post-Truth Politics

198 views

Published on

Slides from lightning talk at the Open Educational Resources Conference 2017 held at Resource for London on 5-6 April 2017.
‘Post-truth’ is the international word of the year, announced by Oxford Dictionaries (Flood, 2016).

In this climate, open education has never seemed more important. Yet while “search is the way we now live.” (Darnton in Hillis, Petit & Jarrett, 2012) with Google processing 90% of searches in Europe (Fioretti, 2014), seldom does the no.1 search engine display the provenance of where the ‘suggested answers’ it provides come from, undermining “people’s ability to verify information and, ultimately, to develop well-informed opinions.”(Dewey, 2016)

This session covers why the most important frontier of Wikipedia is not its content but its 30 million plus citations (Orlowitz, 2016) and the latest developments behind the WikiCite project after its first year.

The WikiCite initiative is to build a repository of all Wikimedia citations and bibliographic metadata in Wikidata to serve all Wikimedia projects. The ultimate goal to make Wikipedia’s citations as “reliable, open, accessible, structured, linked and free as our Knowledge is.”(Orlowitz, 2016)

Why is this useful? Resolving the hitherto poor structuring of citations on Wikipedia & turning them into interlinking machine-readable structured data means we will have more reliable & verifiable data for altmetrics. This open citation data, behind every Wikipedia article, the “largest hand-curated bibliography in human history”(Orlowitz, 2016), is therefore incredibly powerful as it can be queried, analysed & visualised in any number of ways including filtering by author, co-author, publisher, sponsor etc. It also allows us to identify which references are open access & which are not so publishers can be encouraged to release the rights in order to further progress scientific discovery & open education.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Citation Needed: Digital Provenance in the era of Post-Truth Politics

  1. 1. [Citation Needed] Digital Provenance in the era of Post-Truth politics. Ewan McAndrew (University of Edinburgh) and Dr. Martin Poulter (University of Oxford). “We live in the information age and the aphorism ‘one who possess information possesses the world’ of course reflects the present-day reality.” Vladimir Putin in Interfax, 2016.
  2. 2. “Now no one even tries proving ‘the truth’. You can just say anything. Create realities.” Pomerantzev in the Economist, 2016.
  3. 3. Okay Google….. what’s the UK’s GDP? “Digital intermediaries such as Google and Facebook are seen as the new powerbrokers in online news, controlling access to consumers and with the potential even to suppress and target messages to individuals.” (Tambini, 2016)
  4. 4. Okay Google….. what’s the average lifespan of a goat? Seldom does the no.1 search engine display the provenance of where the ‘suggested answers’ it provides come from, undermining “people’s ability to verify information and, ultimately, to develop well-informed opinions.”(Dewey, 2016)
  5. 5. “Search is the way we now live.” (Darnton in Hillis, Petit & Jarrett, 2012)
  6. 6. Fact checking sites are springing up in greater numbers but convenience and cognitive ease have proven to be the drivers for the virtual generation. The truth is out there. But it’s up to us to verify it.
  7. 7. Wikidata logo © the Wikimedia Foundation Wikidata phase 1 interwiki links by Pyfisch on Wikimedia Commons, CC-By-SA 8
  8. 8. Wikidata facts are triples United Kingdom  capital  London 9 CIA World Factbook 2017  publisher  CIA
  9. 9. Link facts to their sources 10 United Kingdom  capital  London  stated in  CIA World Factbook 2017
  10. 10. Wikicite 11 This and the next slide from “Building the sum of all human citations” by Dario Taraborelli, CC-BY-SA
  11. 11. A journal article in Wikidata 12
  12. 12. Queries • Statements from papers that have been retracted. • Most common author about Zika. • Statements about terrorist attacks that have no references. • Number of references to Le Figaro. • “Get all proteins with GO annotations that are a subclass of "signaling receptor activity", where the determination method is a type of manual assertion, and the evidence is a scientific article that was published in the last three years” 13 Citation network of some papers about the Zika virus
  13. 13. View on Scholia
  14. 14. Links and further reading. • Alcantara, C. (2016). Wikipedia editors are essentially writing the election guide millions of voters will read. [online] Washington Post. • Caitlin, D. (2016). You probably haven’t even noticed Google’s sketchy quest to control the world’s knowledge. [online] Washington Post. • Fioretti, J. (2014). Wikipedia fights back against Europe’s “right to be forgotten”. [online] Reuters. • Post-truth’ named word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries. [online] the Guardian • Hillis, K., Petit, M. and Jarrett, K. (2012). Google and the culture of search. 1st ed. Routledge, p.5. • Orlowitz, J. (2016). DLF: WikiCite. [online] Google Docs. • Why Wiki Ed’s work combats fake news — and how you can help – Wiki Education. • Students reject Fake News to write footnoted, neutral Wikipedia entries – NPR Ed. • Yes I'd lie to you - The Economist • How technology disrupted truth – Katherine Viner in the Guardian. • No we’re not in a post fact world – Wikimedia blog. • Wikipedia vs. Fake News – Wikimedian in Residence blog. • Wikipedia is fixing one of the internet’s biggest flaws – Washington Post.
  15. 15. Ewan McAndrew Wikimedian in Residence Twitter: @emcandre Email:ewan.mcandrew@ed.ac.uk Martin Poulter Wikimedian in Residence Twitter: @mlpoulter Email: martin.poulter@bodleian.ox.ac.uk

×