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Academia and Wikipedia slides - 18 June 2018


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Slides from presentation at the Academia and Wikipedia conference at Maynooth University on 18 June 2018

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Academia and Wikipedia slides - 18 June 2018

  1. 1. Measuring the impact of Wikimedians in Academia Ewan McAndrew – Wikimedian in Residence Email: Twitter: @emcandre
  2. 2. "The time has come," the Walrus said, "To talk of many things. “Facebook defines who we are, Amazon defines what we want and Google defines what we think.” (Broeder, 2016) Zuckerberg may downplay Facebook’s role as “arbiters of truth” (Seethaman, 2016) just as Google downplay their role as controllers of the library “card catalogue” (Walker inToobin, 2015) but both represent the pre-eminent gatekeepers in the information age. “Wikipedia is today the gateway through which millions of people now seek access to knowledge.” (William Cronon)
  3. 3. Why you can’t afford not to. You can’t afford not to.
  4. 4. How is your institution demonstrating its commitment to…. • Developing digital skills? • Developing information literacy? • Developing open educations resources? • Addressing gender inequality? • Open Knowledge? • Open Science? • Public Engagement with Research? • Public Engagement with Collections? • Improving the impact & dissemination of its research outputs? Email: Knowledge knows no bounds! The future knows no bounds!
  5. 5. It is widely recognised that digital capabilities are a key component of graduate employability
  6. 6. Wikimedian in Residence – Information Literacy & Digital Skills at the University of Edinburgh PGDE English and Media teacher Software Development MSc Information Management MSc (CILIP and ARA registered)
  7. 7. • To raise awareness of Wikipedia and its sister projects • To design and deliver digital skills engagement events • To work with colleagues all across the institution to find ways to benefit from and contribute to the development of this huge open knowledge resource. #OpenKnowledgeFTW As a truly global university, rooted in Scotland’s capital city, we make a significant, sustainable and socially responsible contribution to the world.
  8. 8. Wikipedia comes of age “I feel that it can play a vital role in formal educational settings” Chronicle of Higher Education (Jan. 2011) Museums & Galleries Scotland National Library of Scotland ILW Bodleian Library residency Wikipedia Science Conference Edinburgh residency Oxford Residency NLS – Gaelic Wikimedian Ally Crockford Sara Thomas Martin Poulter Melissa Highton Ewan McAndrew Martin Poulter Susan Ross Women, Science & Scottish History editathon February 2015 Researched by Allison Littlejohn The University of Edinburgh residency began in Jan. 2016 SLIC residency + NEW ROLE AT SLIC!!!! Supporting Scottish Public Libraries and now a Wikimedian at Stirling University Archives now too. Becoming a Wikipedia editor Research by Allison Littlejohn Melissa did a presentation on Edinburgh 7 editathon at the Wikipedia Science Conference hosted by Martin Poulter.
  9. 9. “Becoming a Wikipedia editor: Perceived Roles and Responsibilities” Research by Professor Allison Littlejohn
  10. 10. The Wikimedia residency: Making connections across the university Reproductive Biology, World Christianity, English Literature, History of Medicine, Translation Studies, Veterinary Medicine, Online History MSc, Scottish Studies Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice Social Anthropology European Research Labs. National Library of Scotland National Galleries Scotland University of Sheffield Teesside University Surgeons’Hall Museum Royal College of Physicians Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons (Glasgow) Global Health MSc Chemistry Digital Sociology Data Science for Design Astronomy Law (Undergraduate & Postgrad) Intellectual Humility MOOC
  11. 11. 1. Scientific writers helping to cite UoE research on Wikipedia in existing/new pages. 2. Open Access links added to existing (paywalled) citations on Wikipedia and OA symbol added accordingly. 3. Building up a bibliographic repository of structured machine-readable (and multilingual) linked open data on University of Edinburgh researchers and research papers in Wikidata using the easy-to-use suite of tools available.
  12. 12. Factors that helped with establishing the residency. 45 Getting colleagues across the university into the room in the first place.
  13. 13. 185 STAFF TRAINED185 STAFF TRAINED 164 STUDENTS TRAINED 443 336 + Digital Sociology MSc Global Health MSc Data Science for Design MSC A 2016 study found at least 87.5% of students use Wikipedia for pre-research purposes and find it “academically useful” 3 x 2 x 4 x 1 x 1 x 3 x
  14. 14. Timelines of engagement Data Science for Design MSc • Wikidata showcase at Repository Fringe Conference in August 2016. • Wikidata & Histropedia showcase events at the Open Knowledge Network events. April 2017. • Joe Corneli invites a Wikidata project on the Data Science for Design MSc in August 2017. Reproductive Biology (Hons). • September 2015 - 3 students complete the Wikipedia write- up). • September 2016 – all 38 students completed the write- up. • September 2017 – all 51 students will complete the write up (and course leaders now looking at summative assessment). Global Health MSc • Gender,Global Health & Justice editathon during February 2017 term break. • Women in Anthropology editathon for Usher Institute researchers in May 2017. • 200 word assignment in the Global Health MSc course in Autumn/Winter 2017.
  15. 15. Ruth Jenkins – “We all know our students are using Wikipedia and we’re all using it ourselves so I think being familiar with it is a really important part of information literacy.” Academic Support Librarian at the Medical School. • Went from not knowing how to edit. • To helping others editing for work. • To editing herself for fun. • To preparing an editathon. • To learning how to train others. • To now taking to conference in July for health information librarians (EAHIL)
  16. 16. 1182 attendees at residency events. (815 more than in year 1). 425 new articles. 1800 improved articles.
  17. 17. If it’s on Wikipedia, it must be true.” 35,000 views since September 2016 And she even created her own open-licensed diagrams too!
  18. 18. Changing the way stories are told (69% of our attendees this year were women). • The Edinburgh Seven • The Letter of 19 - women chemists who petitioned the Chemistry Society in 1904 • The Eagle House suffragettes
  19. 19. World Christianity MSc – Wikipedia literature review assignment (5% of course credit). Representing a more holistic world view of Christianity
  20. 20. ,
  21. 21. Translation from one language Wikipedia to another. Independent Study module – Translation Studies MSc assignment “It is very fun but challenging at the same time. I feel like I am doing something very meaningful. It not only helps me with my translation skills, but also makes me feel that I am contributing to Wikipedia, to people, to the society.“ – Student feedback
  22. 22. “After we analysed the data, we found we learned the stories of the witches and we learned about European culture especially in the witchhunts.” “We had wanted to do a happy project but finally we learned much more about these cultures so it was very meaningful for us.” “In my opinion, it’s quite useful to put learning practice into the real world so that we can see the outcome and feel proud of ourselves… we learned a lot.” WIKIDATA IN THE CLASSROOM
  23. 23. Students have been empowered . • The Translation Society • The Law & Technology Society • The Lost Literary Edinburgh event. • The History Society and Black History Month. • Mental Health Awareness event. As a truly global university, rooted in Scotland’s capital city, we make a significant, sustainable and socially responsible contribution to the world.
  24. 24. Wikimedia residency – Year 2 Edinburgh University, has significantly moved to embrace the residency and now includes it: • As an asset in its annual report. • As part of a 4 year action plan for meeting its commitment to Athena SWAN increasing the visibility of female role models. • In planning discussions with Vice-Principal for how to get greater public engagement with research. • In discussions about funded projects to improve University of Edinburgh reseach outputs to Wikipedia and Wikidata.69% of our attendees last year were women
  25. 25. Building sustainability in Year 3 • Wikipedia editing is embedded in the Digital Skills programme. • ‘Train the Trainer’ workshops are a regular component of the residency. Colleagues across the university are now leading editing training and editathon workshops. • Focusing more on supporting data literacy and developing data skills to meet emerging needs of Scotland’s digital economy.
  26. 26. To 2019: A more strategic approach ”Establish a programme for enriching Wikipedia / Wikimedia with collection images, to support teaching and public engagement” by July 2019 Focus on: • Broader upload of images to Commons • Wikipedia Content Audit • Training programme • Proactive linking of collections to external Wiki activity • Ongoing experimentation with Wiki tools and contribution to the community
  27. 27. 18,930,457 page views since 2015 18,930,457
  28. 28. Melissa Highton – Director of Learning, Teaching and Web Services at the University of Edinburgh. “Hosting a Wikimedian in Residence (WiR) in a University has real potential to target empowerment in learning technology. If you put your Wikimedian alongside your digital skill trainers and learning technologists their impact can be significant.”
  29. 29. 10 Reasons to work with Wikimedia UK 1. The new Visual Editor interface means Wikipedia editing is “super easy”, “really intuitive”, “fun” and “highly addictive”. 2. Anyone can edit Wikipedia but there are checks and balances to help revert unhelpful edits in minutes. (Only 7% of edits are considered vandalism). 3. Wikidata – Teach data literacy. Query, analyse & visualise the largest reference work on the internet. Surface and link your research data. 4. WikiCite – tidying up the citations on Wikipedia to make a consistent, queryable bibliographic repository enhancing the impact of research. 5. Wikisource – Quotations and images from long ago can still touch and inspire. Out of copyright texts such as digitised PhD theses can be uploaded & linked to from Wikipedia; enhancing discoverability. 6. Content Translation – Students help build understanding between languages while getting meaningful published translation practice. 7. The gender gap is real and working with Wikipedia helps address this as part of Athena Swan initiatives in STEM fields. 8. Develop students’ digital skills. The practical application of research & communication skills aid students’ comprehension and employability. 9. Surface your research & library collections’ material to Wikidata, Wikipedia, Wiki Commons, Wikisource and open them up to a global Open Knowledge community of millions. 10. “Search is the way we live now”. Engaging with Wikipedia helps develop a critical approach to its usage and to other online sources of information, helping research skills and combating fake news. Staff and students are already consulting Wikipedia for pre-research purposes (at least 87.5% of them) so why not ensure gaps in representation and inaccuracies are addressed? Because if not you then who?
  30. 30. We can’t go on pretending…
  31. 31. 2,100 images of Scotland’s historic buildings and monuments were added to Commons last year. 1,350 by staff at the University of Edinburgh. “Wikimedia Commons has revolutionised the availability of HIGH QUALITY open images of historic buildings”. Natasha Vall, Urban Historian at Teesside University
  32. 32. Ewan McAndrew Wikimedian in Residence Tel: +44 (0) 7719 330076 Twitter: @emcandre Email: Our Mission The creation, dissemination and curation of knowledge Information Services The University of Edinburgh Argyle House 3 Lady Lawson Street Edinburgh EH3 9SH United Kingdom
  33. 33. The new WYSIWYG Visual Editor interface makes editing “super easy”, “fun”, “really intuitive” and “addictive as hell.” 1. Headers 2. Bold / italic 3. Bullet point lists & Numbered lists 4. Internal links / External links 5. Citations & references 6. Adding categories 7. Adding pictures 8. Adding infoboxes
  34. 34. All edits are recorded in the View History tab in permanent links Bots patrol for predicable vandalism and instantly reverting these. Only 7% of edits considered vandalism study finds. Pages ‘looked after’ by editors volunteering on a variety of WikiProjects. 4 day rule for new accounts.
  35. 35. DON’T CITE WIKIPEDIA, WRITE WIKIPEDIA! The 21st century skills that a collaboration between the University of Edinburgh and Wikimedia UK help develop include: • A critical Information Literacy • Digital Literacy • Academic writing & referencing • Critical thinking • Literature review • Writing for different audiences. • Research skills • Communication skills • Community building / Online citizenship • Collaboration “Students have said that simply knowing that an audience of editors existed was enough to change how they wrote. They chose words more carefully. They double-checked their work for accuracy and reliability. And they began to think about how best they could communicate their scholarship to readers who were as curious, conscientious, and committed as they were.”
  36. 36. 100,027 monthly page views
  37. 37. Open tumshies!
  38. 38. Our Youtube channel has received over 34,000 views to date. Viewed by 165 countries around the world.
  39. 39. Wikisource • Wikimedia’s online library of digitised, out of copyright texts • Uploaded a digitised PhD, Some Problems in Variation and Heredity by Thomas Jehu • Fully OCR-ed and transcribed • Page viewed 196 times on Wikisource compared with 11 downloads from UoE repository
  40. 40. The Celtic Knot Wikipedia Language Conference • Held on 6 July 2017 • 53 attendees • Focused on supporting Celtic and Indigenous language Wikipedias. The second Celtic Knot is taking place 5-6 July 2018 at the National Library of Wales with an expanded 2 day programme.
  41. 41. Creating a new data literate workforce to support Scotland’s growing digital economy.
  42. 42. Did media literacy backfire? “Too many students I met were being told that Wikipedia was untrustworthy and were, instead, being encouraged to do research. As a result, the message that many had taken home was to turn to Google and use whatever came up first. They heard that Google was trustworthy and Wikipedia was not.” Danah Boyd (Jan. 2017)
  43. 43. Email Wikimedia UK: Online Tutorials 1) Wikipedia Basics 2) Wikidata Basics 3) Wikisource Basics 4) Wiki Games 5) How to run an editathon Videos 241 videos and video tutorials. Lesson plan WIKI RESOURCES –
  44. 44. Download the slides to play:
  45. 45. “Wikipedia is the single greatest Open Education resource the world has ever seen” • The fifth most popular website in the world. • 120,000 regular contributors (of which only 3455 or so are considered ‘very active’ Wikipedians). • 500 million visitors every month. • Visited by 1.5 billion unique devices every month. • Trusted more than the BBC, ITV, the Times, theTelegraph, The Guardian and more according to Yougov survey (2014).
  46. 46. “Knowledge is alive and growing and… it is most useful when it is used; not just static, but engaged with, built upon, expanded on.” Katherine Maher, Executive Director of the Wikimedia Foundation
  47. 47. Making the residency sustainable • Trained 20+ Wikimedia ambassadors. • Mixture approach of people and process. • Created and curated 248 Creative Commons licensed videos and video tutorials on the Media Hopper channel. • Collected resources. Developed & shared reusable case studies and lesson plan • Continuing to train & host events for course leaders. • Embedding Wikipedia in Digital Skills. • Ensuring tools/platforms are robust and fit-for-purpose.
  48. 48. •“Wikipedia is today the gateway through which millions of people now seek access to knowledge.” • (William Cronon) The latest estimates by Crossref show that Wikipedia has risen from the 8th most prolific referrer to DOIs to the 5th (at least)
  49. 49. Intellectual humility • Intellectual humility is a virtue, a character trait that allows the intellectually humble person to think and reason well. • It is plausibly related to open-mindedness, a sense of one's own fallibility, and a healthy recognition of one's intellectual debts to others. Are we in academia open-minded to Wikipedia?
  50. 50. “SEARCH IS THE WAY WE LIVE NOW” GOOGLE and WIKIPEDIA • Google depends on Wikipedia. Click through rate decreases by 80% if links to Wikipedia are removed. • Wikipedia depends on Google. 84.5% of visits to Wikipedia are attributable to Google. • Google processed 91% of searches internationally and 97.4% of searches from mobile devices. (2011 figures). • Google has a “funnelling effect” – The sources clicked on are reduced to the 1st page of results 90% of the time. • With 42% click through on first choice alone. There is agency to Wikipedia editing
  51. 51. ”This challenge is not just for school librarians to prepare the next generation to be informed but for all librarians to assist the whole population.” Abram, S. (2016). Political literacy can be learned! universities universities