SPA Conference 2012 E. Duda-Mikulin


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A power point presentation given at the Joint Annual Conference of the East Asian Social Policy Network (EASP) and the UK Social Policy Association (SPA) 2012 at the University of York

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SPA Conference 2012 E. Duda-Mikulin

  1. 1. CITIZENSHIP, MIGRATION AND GENDER:Polish migrant women in the UK andPolandEwa Duda-MikulinPhD Student/GTASocial Policy
  2. 2. The UK and Accession 8 (A8) migration• Accession 8 (A8) migration to the UK has been studied extensively over the last few years• Migration from the new EU member states to the UK has been one of the most significant social phenomena of recent times Ewa Duda-Mikulin
  3. 3. Feminisation of Migration• Evidence suggests that migrant women constitute a large proportion of international migrants• When considering migration within the European context, migrant women already outnumber their male counterparts Ewa Duda-Mikulin Picture by Flickr CC, Author: The U.S. National Archives
  4. 4. Evidence suggests that characterising women aspassive followers of migrant men is flawedEwa Duda-Mikulin Picture by Flickr CC, Author: Richard Loyal French
  5. 5. • Gender is one of the oldest, if not the oldest, forces shaping human life and, accordingly, it influences migration and migrants’ lives.• Nonetheless, gender has been regularly sidelined in scholarly research on international migration over the past 100 years. (Pessar & Mahler, 2003, p. 812) Ewa Duda-Mikulin
  6. 6. • Gender and gender roles, in particular in relation to A8 migration, remain an under-researched areaEwa Duda-Mikulin Picture by Flickr CC, Author: Nationaal Archief
  7. 7. Aim: to explore the impact of the migratory process on gender roles of Polish migrant women Ewa Duda-Mikulin Picture by Flickr, Author: The Library of Congress
  8. 8. • Can migration be a catalyst for change in traditional gender roles?• How do Polish migrant women negotiate their gender roles across time and space in regard to work and welfare responsibilities when exercising their rights as EU citizens? Picture by Flickr, Author: The Library of Congress Ewa Duda-Mikulin
  9. 9. • Are gender roles reconfigured through the migratory process? - care - paid workPicture by Flickr CC, Author: doc 1, Don O-BrienEwa Duda-Mikulin
  10. 10. Methodology:• Feminist methodology• Qualitative, in-depth, semi-structured interviews• Research questions: 1. To what extent are Polish migrant women’s lives gendered? 2. Has the migratory process affected Polish migrant women’s gender roles, and if so, in what way? 3. How, if at all, has migration impacted on Polish migrant women’s roles as carers and workers? How do they manage their roles over time and space?• Sample: 2 groups of women: 1) – Polish migrant women in the UK - migrants 2) – Polish migrant women in Poland – returneesEwa Duda-Mikulin
  11. 11. Ewa Duda-MikulinPhD Student/GTADepartment of Social PolicyEmail: @EwaDudaMikulinPicture by Flickr CC, Author: woodleywonderworks
  12. 12. References & further reading:• Boyd, M. & Grieco, E. (2003). Women and Migration: Incorporating Gender into International Migration Theory, Migration Information Source, Retrieved 30 April, 2012, from:• Castles, S. & Miller, M. (2003). Introduction. In S. Castles & M. Miller, The Age of Migration. International Population Movements in the Modern World, (3rd ed.) (pp. 1-20). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.• Dwyer, P. (2010). Understanding Social Citizenship. Themes and perspectives for policy and practice. Bristol: The Policy Press.• Kindler, M., Kordasiewicz, A., Napiera ƚa, J., Szulecka, M., Redondo Toronjo, D. & White, A. (2010). Migracje kobiet: przypadek Polski. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe SCHOLAR.• Kofman, E. (2004). Gendered Global Migrations: Diversity and Stratification. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6(4), pp. 643-665. doi: 10.1080/1461674042000283408• Kofman, E. (1999). Female ‘birds of passage’ a decade later: Gender and immigration in the European Union. [Electronic version]. The International Migration Review, 33(2), pp. 269-299.• Lister, R. (forthcoming). Citizenship and Gender. In K. Nash & A. Scott (eds.) Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology. Blackwell.• Morokvasic, M. (2004). ‘Settled in Mobility’: Engendering Post-Wall Migration in Europe. [Electronic version]. Feminist Review, 77, pp. 7-25.• Pessar, R. & Mahler, S.J. (2003). Transnational Migration: Bringing Gender in. [Electronic version]. International Migration Review, 37(3), pp. 812-846.• Phizacklea, A. (1983). Introduction. In: A. Phizacklea (eds), One Way Ticket. Migration and Female Labour (pp. 1-13). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul plc.• Zlotnik, H. (2003). The Global Dimensions of Female Migration, Migration Information Source. Retrieved 9 November, 2011, from: