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Samarkand.pptx

Description of Samarkand

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Samarkand is one of the most ancient cities in the world.
History of the city goes back in remote days.
Advantageous geographical location, rather favorable
climate, abundance of natural springs with fine water,
nearness of mountains with large wild fowl, flowing
Zaravshan river - all these factors always provided
favorable conditions for human settlings in that area.
In historical events of ancient time the earliest
mention about Samarkand (also known as
Marakand) dates to 329th year B.C. By that time
Samarkand was a big city with crowded population,
developed crafts, trade, and culture. It had
unassailable citadel and outside defensive wall with
length of 10,5 kilometers.
After Timur’s death all his empire came to the power of his
children and grandchildren. Samarkand and surroundings
devolved to Ulugbek, Timur’s grandson. Ulugbek ruled
Samarkand during 40 years. For the whole history Uligbek
was the most peace-loving ruler.
14-15th centuries is the period of the Golden Age of the
city. City construction is at its zenith: the city is
surrounded by strong fortified wall, new streets, paved
of stone, are laid through the city, blue domes of
magnificent ensembles tower above the city. Most of
these objects survived our days and are the main
symbols of the city.
Today Samarkand like most cities of Central Asia is divided into
two parts: old and new city. New part is an administrative part
of the city, including industrial and cultural centers, high
educational institutions. Old part of the city includes historical
monuments, shops, workshops, old private houses. Generally,
an excursion is held in the old part of the city.
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Samarkand.pptx

  • 1. Samarkand is one of the most ancient cities in the world. History of the city goes back in remote days.
  • 2. Advantageous geographical location, rather favorable climate, abundance of natural springs with fine water, nearness of mountains with large wild fowl, flowing Zaravshan river - all these factors always provided favorable conditions for human settlings in that area.
  • 3. In historical events of ancient time the earliest mention about Samarkand (also known as Marakand) dates to 329th year B.C. By that time Samarkand was a big city with crowded population, developed crafts, trade, and culture. It had unassailable citadel and outside defensive wall with length of 10,5 kilometers.
  • 4. After Timur’s death all his empire came to the power of his children and grandchildren. Samarkand and surroundings devolved to Ulugbek, Timur’s grandson. Ulugbek ruled Samarkand during 40 years. For the whole history Uligbek was the most peace-loving ruler.
  • 5. 14-15th centuries is the period of the Golden Age of the city. City construction is at its zenith: the city is surrounded by strong fortified wall, new streets, paved of stone, are laid through the city, blue domes of magnificent ensembles tower above the city. Most of these objects survived our days and are the main symbols of the city.
  • 6. Today Samarkand like most cities of Central Asia is divided into two parts: old and new city. New part is an administrative part of the city, including industrial and cultural centers, high educational institutions. Old part of the city includes historical monuments, shops, workshops, old private houses. Generally, an excursion is held in the old part of the city.
  • 7. Registan Square  During centuries Registan Square was the center of Samarkand. The word Registan means “sand place”. There was a river running there many ages ago, before building the first Madrassah on the square. Years passed, the river dried out and left lots of sank there.
  • 8. That was the first place where the first Madrassah was built in the beginning of the 15th century and named Registan square
  • 9. Bibi-Khanym Mosque  The majestic blue domes of the Bibi-Khanym Mosque are the unusual sight.  As well as all Samarkand monuments the Bibi Khanym Mosque also has the beautiful legend. According to it, the terrible ruler built the mosque in honor of his favorite wife Bibi Khanym. After successful campaign to India Temur decided to build the biggest building of the East – the mosque – which should have exceeded all mosques of the world by its size.  The construction lasted for 5 years (1399-1404).
  • 10. Gur-Emir: tomb of Tamerlan  Gur-Emir means “grave of Emir”. Gur-Emir Mausoleum was built in 1404 for Timur’s grandson Muhhamed Sultan. He had to become heir apparent of throne after Timur, but in 1404 he died and Timur ordered to buid big mausoleum for his loved grandson.  From that time this mausoleum was called “burial-vault of timurids”. Here two sons of Timur were buried- Shahruh and Miranshah, also second grandson Ulugbek, spiritual director of Timur Muslim sheikh from Medin-Mir Seid Bereke and some Shah-Hodja.
  • 12. Mausoleum of Imam al-Bukhari  Imam Al-Bukhari was the great theologian of the East. He collected and recorded about 600 thousand hadith, i.e. legend based on cases of life or some sayings of the Prophet. Imam was born in Bukhara in 810 year and ended his life in Samarkand.  The mausoleum of Imam al-Bukhari presents in all of its magnificence. In the complex that occupies a vast territory, there are mausoleums, mosques, hotel for tourists and pilgrims, souvenir shops and religious literature.
  • 13. Ulugbek's observatory  Among historical monuments of Samarkand observatory takes particular place, constructed by Ulugbek in 1428-1429 on one of the hills on height, at the bottom of Chupanat altitude. By Babur’s words, which saw the observatory, it was three-storied covered with beautiful glazed titles building of round form 46 meters in diameter, 30 meters in height. In the main hall huge instrument was placed for observations of Moon, Sun, and other stars of the vault of heaven.