Shpogy Secondary School RESEARCH WORK IN ENGLISH Authors: Laura Lāčauniece, Aija KlusaAdviser: English Language Teacher Eva Vovka 2012
The reason for such a choice is that we both like fashion and we are really interested to know something more about the history of clothes and fashion. For example: who invented the first jeans, how does panama look, where do harem trousers come from, etc.
GARMENTSWe have chosen 3 garments:Hats;Dresses;Trousers.These types of outfit we both wearand like. Laura likes hats and dressesbut Aija likes trousers and alsodresses. That is the reason why wehave chosen exactly those garments.
THE AIMOur aim is to compare fashionin ancient times and nowadays. THEN NOW
THE TASKS To find information about hats, dresses, trousers; To compare fashion then and now; To organize an inquiry and ask people: # about their favorite garments, # about the outfit they will neverwear, # and if they follow the fashion.
HATS HistoryA hat is a head covering. It can be worn for protecting us from the weather for ceremonial or religious reasons
In military they may denote nationality, branch of service, rank or regiment. Hats are worn for safety too.
By a hat humans profession, occupation, religion, hobby, education, social position, etc. can be denoted.
TYPES OF HATS PanamaWhen Francisco Pizarro andhis Spanish conquistadorsarrived in what is nowEcuador in 1526, inhabitantsof the coastal areas werealready wearing a curious typeof headwear made of wovenstraw- Panama hats .
Ushanka Ushanka is a Russian fur hat ,with ear flaps that can be tied up to the crown of the cap, or tied at the chin to protect the ears, jaw and lower chin from the cold The word ushanka derives from ushi ( ши), "ears" in Russian.
Ushankas are often made from sheepskin rabbit fur. Ushankas are widely used in Arctic region of Russia, keeping ears and chin safe even in the "deep frost" (-40 to - 70 degrees ).
Trousers historyTrousers first entere recordedhistory in the 6th century BC, withthe appearance of horse-ridingIranian peoples (Scythian) in Greekethnography.
Trousers of various design were worn throughout the Middles Ages:1. in Europe2. in Byzantium3. and were worn by many of the barbarian tribes specially Xiongnu Hun. 3. 1. 2.
In the 14th Century it became commonamong the men of the noble andknightly classes to connect the hose(socks) directly to their pour points(under jacket or vests) rather than totheir drawers (undergarment).
Trousers history Women wearing trousers It was in the late 19th became apparent in the century that women 4th century in Persia, but started wearing men this trend of women trousers to work. It was wearing trousers died more comfortable for soon. them. And Amazonian women were presented wearing trousers. Wigan pit brow girl.
Cowgirls (women workingin the ranches of the 19th )in American West woretrousers for riding.Aviatrices in the early 20thoften wore trousers. Actresses Marlene Dietrich and Katherine Hepburn were often wearing trousers from the 1930s and they helped to make trousers acceptable for women.
Sailors also pioneered the wearing ofjeans, trousers made of denim.Thesebecame more popular in the late 20thcentury in the American West becauseof their ruggedness and durability.
TYPES OF TROUSERS JEANSJeans are trousers made from denim.Some of the earliest American bluejeans were made by Jacob Davis,Calvin Rogers, and Levi Strauss in1873. Starting in the 1950s, jeans,originally designed for cowboys,became popular among teenagers.
JACOB DAVIS LEVI STRAUSS He was a German born HE WAS AN American in RIGA of German decent Denim (clothe) comes from France . Levi Straus was selling jeans to the miningcompanies, Jacob Davis proposed to use copper rivets for pocket corners. They got a patent for an"Improvement in Fastening Pocket-Openings," on May 20,
Jeans come in various fitsSkinny Tapered Flare Straight Mommy cut Boot cut
Like most ofteenagers, we have a lot of interesting jeans
VICTORIAN ERA 1837-1901 The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. It was a long period of peace, prosperity, and national self-confidence for Britain. At the start of the Victorian era most fashions lasted about a decade, but by 1901 the history of fashion was
CRINOLINE BUSTLES 1830-1860 1870 -1883In the 1830s a linen material woven When the crinoline of the late 1860swith horsehair called crinoline (also had reached its maximum extremecalled hoop skirt) was first used for width it began to subside.cloth petticoats. The word crinoline It is a type of framework used tocomes from the French for crin and expand the fullness or supportlin, meaning horsehair and linen the drapery of the back of a womansrespectively. dress.
CRINOLINES CRINOLINES NOW THEN Nowadays brides wear Victorian type dresses.In everyday life some aspect of Victorian fashion can be traced.
The Corset then CORSETE NOW Nowadays corsets are worn like tops not just like an underwear.Corsets were like anunderwear, they madewoman’s waist look slim.Medics observed that corsetswere unhealthy, womencould not breathe fully andcaused problem for ribs.
DRESSES VICTORIAN COSTUMES Rational Dress Reform-Bloomer In1851 Elizabeth Smith Miller proposed a new type of garment "Turkish trousers" with a skirt. Her friend Amelia Jenks Bloomer wrote an article "Freedom Dress" in a feministic publication. Despite negative reaction from the society, the movement was successful. It was associated with the struggle for womens
The Aesthetes1870- 1880Artists, poets, writers,etc. proposed, designed,and wore clothing morerational and comfortablethan the fashion of thetime. Aesthetic dresswas made of wool orLiberty silk or velvetfabrics. n the style ofmedieval orRenaissance garmentswith larger sleeves.
ALEXANDER Russian and French fashion VASILYEV historian, collector and interior designer has created an exhibition of Victorian fashion