Golf is a sport probably of Scottish
origin and is inspired by a traditional
game. Consists of throwing, with the
help of a stick, a small ball along a
path that ends in a hole, where the
ball should fall.
Golf History 
The word comes from English golf courses, which in turn
comes from the German Kolbe, meaning taco. Considered an elite
sport for many people, its real origin is widely debated, and the
most accepted is its creation by the Scots who have already
practiced around 1400. In 1457, the Scottish Parliament, by order
of King James II of Scotland banned golf practice, considering it a
fun affecting the interests of the country. 1
Some historians try to attribute to the British creation of this sport.
Other origins are known, an ancient Roman game called Paganica
(the game of the peasants), was practiced in the seventeenth,
eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, with a leather ball filled
with feathers or leather and with a curved stick, remembering
enough golf . 1
Golf is played on grass courts in parks or appropriate , with one
or more paths delimited . The goal is to leave a specific place
in the open, and plastering the ball in the fewest strokes
possible in strategically placed holes at varying distances . The
game is usually played on 18 holes , and a competition , who
total the fewest strokes at the end of 18 holes is the winner .
To complicate the task, the path to the hole can include ponds
, sand pits , trees and sites with grass higher .
Golf can be played individually or in groups of two to four
players , and has the particularity the absence of an "adversary
" itself , the only opponent of the golfer 's own field , since
there is nothing he can do in order to hinder the performance
of other players . The result depends on your individual effort
and luck , and every golfer strives to lower your total score in
The number of strokes of each player's cumulative wins
and who complete the 18 holes with a least number of
strokes. Players outdoors hiking at least four miles per
game. A game usually lasts an average of four hours.
When the ball during the game fall into local adverse
move, for example, into a lake near the field, the player
can take it and put it as close to the spot where the ball
landed. Therefore, you receive the penalty of one extra
shot. If the obstacle is a bunker, there is no penalty, the
player has to play within that obstacle.
In official competitions, it is forbidden for a golfer to
talk to other players about the game. Already in games
between friends, it is normal the more experienced
golfer to "tip" the least experienced.
Since the output location (tee) to the hole, the
average number of strokes required for plastering
the ball is an index, called the hole pair, which helps
to measure the performance of the player. As the
distance, no par three holes (up to 228 m), par four
(up to 430 m) or par five (over 430 m). For women, the
distances are slightly smaller.
Pair field The sum total of all par holes gives rise to another
reference value, the pair field. If a field is par 71, to say that a
regular player must, at the end of 18 holes, totaling as close as
possible to 71 strokes. When par is 71 and the player finishes
all 18 holes in 70 strokes, it is common to say that
made "below par", ended up with 69, "two under two", and so
on. On the same par 71, to mark 72 says "an above par", 73,
"two over par," and so on.
There are many ways to play golf.
The most used are stroke play, where the
winner is defined by the sum of the
fewest strokes, and match play where
points are awarded for each hole, for
example, on the first hole the player "A"
throws the ball in fewer strokes than
player "B" receiving point, and so on.
Who add the most points is the
champion. Golf can also be played in
pairs or trios, with the sum of the result
of each player on the team, mixed
doubles, and a multitude of variations.
View through a green fairway .
A championship golf course has nine or eighteen holes , ie , nine or
eighteen fairways . Each Fairway is 25-30 feet wide and 300-500 feet
long . The length of the Fairways defines the number "two" field .
Given these numbers , plus the spaces required security and the
spaces between the Fairways , a golf course with nine holes require
an area of approximately 25-30 acres and the 18-hole , 40 to 50 acres
. Unofficial camps , residential condominiums and resorts , for
example , can be smaller , with three or six holes .
There is a golf course like another . Therefore , each field is a new
challenge . There are fields in the middle of deserts , mountainous
regions in the plains in coastal areas etc. . The fields are typically
formed by groups of 9 or 18 holes. In other numbers , one
championship golf course occupies about one million square meters .
The total course of 18 holes , usually has about six miles long
straight, and it takes nearly four hours to complete.