Animal Welfare in Contemporary Europe and China


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Animal Welfare in Contemporary Europe and China

  1. 1. Animal Welfare in Contemporary Europe and China POLS 3620, contemporary Europe and Asia 17th. Nov.2009 06050123 Ding Zhuying 06011276 Yip Siu Fung
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>Definition of Animal Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Legal tradition of Animal Welfare in Europe and China </li></ul><ul><li>Public Awareness of Ani mal Welfare in Europe and China </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Animal Welfare <ul><li>Animals are sentient </li></ul><ul><li>ethical responsibility of ensuring animal well-being </li></ul><ul><li>allow animals experience good health, </li></ul><ul><li>cope with their environment, </li></ul><ul><li>express a diversity of species-typical behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>avoi d of abuse and exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>IMPORTANT: morally acceptable to use , as long as unnecessary suffering is avoided </li></ul>Ding Zhuying
  4. 4. Legal Tradition of Animal Welfare --Western Europe <ul><li>19th century </li></ul><ul><li>In 1822, the world's first major piece of animal protection legislation was initiated by Richard Marti n. </li></ul><ul><li>most of northern Europe, Britain had assumed the responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>20th century </li></ul><ul><li>state has assumed the role of administrating animal protection </li></ul><ul><li>I n 1967 , Farm Animal Welfare Advisory Committee in UK contributed the FIVE FREEDOM , which is regarded as the basis of Animal Welfare </li></ul>Ding Zhuying
  5. 5. Five Freedom <ul><li>Freedom from thirst and hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom from discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom from pain, injury, and disease </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to express normal behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom from fear and distress </li></ul>Ding Zhuying
  6. 6. Legal Tradition of Animal Welfare --Western Europe <ul><li>21th century </li></ul><ul><li>in Germany has been a &quot;STATE OBJECTIVE&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>European level legislation: farmed animals, wild animals, companion animals, animal in sports, entertainment and exhibition, animal experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Far from completion </li></ul><ul><li>Europe-wide ban on the use of animals to test cosmetic products enacted only in 2009 </li></ul>Ding Zhuying
  7. 7. Legal Tradition of Animal Welfare --China and Hong Kong <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Protection for endangered species, regulations on animal testing in laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>First draft of the law on general protection of animals came in June 2009. Exact timing of the launch of this law remains unclear </li></ul>Yip Siu Fung
  8. 8. Legal Tradition of Animal Welfare --China and Hong Kong <ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of cruelty to animals ordinance since 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental organization: Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department </li></ul><ul><li>Under which the Advisory Group on animal welfare </li></ul>Yip Siu Fung
  9. 9. Public Awareness of Animal Welfare --Western Europe <ul><li>non-governmental organizations in Europe responsible for the promotion of animal welfare </li></ul><ul><li>education of the public, offering expertise, to bringing attention to issues ignored by the states </li></ul><ul><li>1824, world’s first animal welfare organization Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in UK </li></ul>Ding Zhuying
  10. 10. Public Awareness of Animal Welfare --Western Europe <ul><li>Campaign against Puppy trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Puppies are bred in large numbers for profit </li></ul><ul><li>Little regard for animal welfare. </li></ul><ul><li>Many fall sick, and some die. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve welfare of pigs </li></ul><ul><li>clear and consistent labeling on pork products </li></ul><ul><li>a better law to protect pig welfare </li></ul>Ding Zhuying
  11. 11. Animal Welfare Organizations in China and Hong Kong Yip Siu Fung Ding Zhuying
  12. 12. Public Awareness of Animal Welfare -- China and Hong Kong <ul><li>Many abuse cases in China </li></ul><ul><li>Hurt the animals for different reasons, like for profit, for own enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights vs Animal Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Hot discussions and debates over the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Better legislations and education in Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><li>Standard far behind Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Many non-governmental organizations help on the promotion of the concept of animal welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Still there are a few of abuse cases </li></ul>Yip Siu Fung
  13. 13. References: <ul><li>Wilkins, David B. , Animal welfare in Europe : European legislation and concerns, London ; Boston : Kluwer Law International, 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Stone, Lora, The Ideology of Progress, World Culture, and Animal Protection, Lanham, University Press of America, 2007 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fin Thank you for your attention !