What If Kortrijk OVAM


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What If Kortrijk OVAM

  1. 2. The Flemish Waste Policy: From Landfilling to Ecodesign Jan Verheyen
  2. 3. Who is OVAM? <ul><li>Founded in 1981: Public Waste Agency of Flanders </li></ul><ul><li>Today - staff: ca.400 </li></ul><ul><li>Public institution headed by the Flemish Minister for the Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Based in Mechelen </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is our mission? <ul><li>OVAM wants to contribute to a better </li></ul><ul><li>environment and quality of life. We accomplish </li></ul><ul><li>this by: </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring sustainable management of waste and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing soil contamination and ensuring soil remediation (Soil decree 1996) </li></ul>
  4. 5. What was our Philosophy? Option 2: Re-use, recycling and composting of waste material Option 3: Incineration of waste with energy recovery <ul><li>Option 1: Prevent and reduce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>waste production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>harmful waste materials </li></ul></ul>Best option Option 4: Final disposal of waste on the landfill site Worst option
  5. 6. Evolution of Household Waste <ul><li>2008: 3.378.759 tons or 545 kg/inhabitant </li></ul><ul><li>2.429.370 tons or 392 kg/inhabitant (72%) is collected separately and re-used, recycled or composted </li></ul><ul><li>949.389 tons or 153 kg/inhabitant (28%) residual waste of which: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>842.509 tons (25%) incinerated with energy recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>71.026 tons (2%) processed at mechanical-biological treatment facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>35.854 (only 1%!) is disposed on a landfill-site </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Evolution of Industrial Waste <ul><li>Conditioning: 49% </li></ul><ul><li>Use as secundary raw material: 22% </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling: 18% </li></ul><ul><li>Incineration: 5 % </li></ul><ul><li>Landfilling: 6% </li></ul>Industrial Waste in Flanders (Ktons/year)
  7. 8. Policy Instruments The implementation of the waste policy and strategy requires the use of three different types of policy instruments <ul><ul><li>legal instruments (e.g. legislation, penalties, producers responsibility, voluntary agreement, etc …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>economical instruments (e.g. levies, taxes, financial support, PAYT tax, etc …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social instruments (e.g. information and awareness raising campaigns, education programs at schools, etc …) </li></ul></ul>The challenge is to find the most appropriate instrument or mix of policy instruments to achieve the targets
  8. 9. Policy Instruments (2) <ul><li>Environmental levies on landfilling and incineration of waste (economic instrument) </li></ul><ul><li>Landfill and incineration bans (legal instrument) </li></ul><ul><li>Take-back obligations, based on the principle of producer responsibility and polluter pays principle (legal instrument) </li></ul><ul><li>Methodical approach to the waste problem trough drafting waste management plans (legal instrument) </li></ul>
  9. 10. A few examples of how people discard waste ... VFG + Green + + Kerbside collection + Residual waste PMD Bring sites, recycling yards & stores Home composting
  10. 11. New understandings lead to new objectives...
  11. 12. Our Goals for a Sustainable Waste & Material Management <ul><li>Closing material loops as efficient as possible (Waste is a precious resource!) </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-efficient production </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation & Ecodesign </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on industrial waste </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulate ‘Green Consumption’ </li></ul>
  12. 13. Closed Material Loops <ul><li>Sectoral agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Gypsum recycling agreement (°2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications for selective demolition of industrial buildings (°2009) </li></ul>Gypsum Recycling Unit
  13. 14. Eco-Efficiency Scan <ul><li>“ There’s money hidden in your company” </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental investments create ecological & economical benefits! </li></ul><ul><li>1.000 SME’s </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy: -8 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water: -4 % </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste: stable but increased turnover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average investment: 62.783 euro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return on investment after 4,8 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>www.ovam.be/eco-efficientiescan </li></ul>
  14. 15. Stimulate ‘Green Consumption’ “ Look at the price tag from a different angle”
  15. 16. Innovation and Ecodesign
  16. 17. Ecolizer 2.0
  17. 18. Thank you very much for your attention!