Olaf Stokkmo - IFFRO - Rights Clearance 062013


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  • The digital sources permitted by RROs’ licences may include:Scanning from analogue original to digital formatDigital to digital, including:Copying from carriers such as CDs and DVDsCopying from online sourcesDownloading and copying from the internetThe corresponding uses and applications would typically cover:Scanning and printing outViewing on screen by authorised persons, and storing within limitsEmailing internally, and in certain cases externallyCreation of slide shows in PPT or similarDisplay on white boards or smart boardsAccess for students via Virtual Learning Environments, and similar internal networksSome RROs license redirecting to publishers’ content, and a few from their own content database.
  • Olaf Stokkmo - IFFRO - Rights Clearance 062013

    1. 1. Making availablecultural heritageImplementing Out-of-Commerceworks MoU – State of PlayOlav Stokkmo, CEO of IFRRO14 June 2013Luxembourg
    2. 2. Provider of reliableinformation oncopyright-led solutionsin the text and imageIFRROInternational Federation ofReproduction RightsOrganisations
    3. 3. 141 members in 78countriesIFRRO Mission• Increaselawful useof copyrightworks• EliminateunauthorizedcopyingCooperateswith• WIPO• UNESCO• EU• OAPI,ARIPO,LAS APEC,
    4. 4. Stakeholder developedToolsMaking CulturalHeritage incopyrightavailablelegally
    5. 5. • Identification of rightsand rightholders– Diligent search forRightholders - Guidelines– Works and Rightholderregistries - Criteria– ARROW to increase time andcost efficiency• Licensing– Rights Clearance Centres -Criteria– Model LicensesStakeholderdeveloped tools
    6. 6. Identification andAddressingRightsRightholdersRight statusRight clearanceOut-of-Commerce & InCommerce WorksOrphan WorksOOC MoU: Agreedframework
    7. 7. Principles inStakeholder MoU1.Selection: Agree on what tomake available/digitise2.Voluntary CollectiveLicensing; Remuneration3.Possible inclusion of worksof authors and publishers notin the RRO catalogue; Rightof withdrawal4.Libraries observe agreedconditions
    8. 8. OMITOut-of-commerce MouImplementation Task force• Purpose• Involved• Tasks Facilitateimplementation ofMoU MoU Signatories –and beyond No limit tonumber ofparticipants Criteria for non-signatories tojoin
    9. 9. 1. Selection from theLibrary collectionMaking CulturalHeritage available- Inclusion of Out-of Commerce Works
    10. 10. Step One: Agreewhat to includeWorks/Materials• Publicdomain• Incopyright– Incommerce– OOC(Majority)– Orphan(some)Roman AlapageExamples- OOC• France <2001• Norway <2000
    11. 11. 2. Voluntary collectivelicensing(the work of RROs)Making CulturalHeritage available- Inclusion of Out-of Commerce Works
    12. 12. CollectiveLicensingRROs (CMOs) will– Be a representative RRO forrightholders concerned– Collect mandates from authorsand publishers Reproduction Making available– Ensure opt out options forauthors and publishers– Sign and Monitor the licence
    13. 13. 13ABDR | Access Copyright | AGECOP | AIDRO| AMCOS | AUTOR | B-COPY| BBDA | BECLA Bonus Presskopia CADRA |CCC| CDR | CEDRO| CeMPro| CFC| CLA| CLASS| CLNZ| CMA| COPIBEC| Copydan Writing| CopyGhana | CopyrightAgency | CopyRo – Romania | CopyRus| COSOMA| CWWCS| DALRO| DHK/CWA| DILIA ECCLA| EDISAM| FILCOLS|Fjölís| FJÖLRIT| GCA| HARR| HKRRRLS| ICLA| IPRO| IRRO| JAC| JAMCOPY| JRRC| Kopiken| Kopinor| KOPIOSTO|KOPIPOL| KOPITAN| KORRA| LATGA-A| LIBRIUS| LITA| Literar-Mechana | Luxorr| MASA| NLA| NLI| NSRR| OSDEL|POLSKA KSIAZKA| ProLitteris| REPROBEL| REPRONIG| SADEL| Sámikopiija | TTRRO| VG Bild-Kunst | VGMUSIKEDITION | VG WORT | VIETRRO| YAYBİR| YRCI| ZANA| ZARRSO| ZIMCOPYcountriesAround the world – onall continents
    14. 14. The educationalpublishingecosystemPrimary marketSecondarymarketExceptions14in creativity,knowledge andcultureexceptions are important; unremunerated exceptions should be limited to instanceswhere primary and secondary markets cannot fulfil a market need efficiently
    15. 15. seamless access to ©works• Individual licensing whenone to many• Collective management whenmany to many; whenindividual licensing is– Impossible• Typically Orphan works– Impracticable or Insufficient• Typically Multiple copying& Out-of-Commerce Works
    16. 16. Operate on the basis ofmandates from; governedjointly by• Authors and Publishers Writers including translators;Visual artists; Composers Publishers (Book, journal,newspaper, magazine, music)– Reproduction; Make available;Distribution– Limited by territories• LegislationCollective RightsManagers in text & imagesector
    17. 17. • Sources• Analogue; Electronic carriers;On-line; Internet downloads• Secondary uses of alreadypublished works• Limited extracts• 5-15%; chapter; article• Personal and Internal use• Applications and useso Photocopyo Scano EmailoPPTo Printout o Whiteboardo IntranetoViewo VirtualLearningEnvironmento Documentlicences
    18. 18. for large scaledigitisation projects• Reproduction– RROs generallyhave mandates• Photocopying• Scanning• Make available– Most RROs haveSpecific mandates requiredfor library digitisation
    19. 19. 3. Inclusion of works ofnon-mandating R/H(Current experiences fromthree alternativeMaking CulturalHeritage available- Inclusion of Out-of Commerce Works
    20. 20. Authors &PublishersNot in RROcatalogueUser(Library)VoluntaryCollectiveLicensingAgreementRROMandatingAuthorsLicensingInclusion of worksnot in RRO catalogueMandatingPublishersWorks maybewithdrawn•Legal Presumption•Extended Coll.Licence•Compulsory
    21. 21. Contract National Library –RRO (Kopinor)– Mandate from authors andpublishers– Extended Collective Licence• Digitise and makeavailable 250,000 books– Published before 2000– Includes orphan works and outof commerce works– Fee per page made availableto public per year• User access“Bookshelf”(Norway)
    22. 22. FRANCE• Out-of-Commerce Bookspublished in France < 2001• Compulsory CollectiveManagement by RRO– Right of withdrawalGERMANY• Out-of-Commerce Bookspublished in Germany < 1966DigitisingprojectSome examples22
    23. 23. 4. Observe licensingconditions(include, exclude)Making CulturalHeritage available- Inclusion of Out-of Commerce Works
    24. 24. rightsidentification• Observe agreed conditions• Include works, authors,publishers covered byagreement– Ex. OCW; OCW published before…;works not withdrawn, etc.• ARROW : tool to identifyworks to be included/excluded– Works in or out of commerce– Works to be withdrawn
    25. 25. 5. Cross-borderavailabilityMaking CulturalHeritage available- Inclusion of Out-of Commerce Works
    26. 26. EC to proposesolutionRequiresMandatesFor Not incatalogue &Orphan• Mechanisms• Agreements• Legislation• Mutualrecognition• Other?OOC indigitisationprojectsCross-borderavailability
    27. 27. Based on Agreements?Pilots• Discussed inNordiccountries• Swedish NLinitiativeOOC indigitisationprojectsCross-borderavailability
    28. 28. OOC Mou ImplementationTask ForceInclusion ofOut-of-CommerceWorks indigitisationprojects
    29. 29. OMITOut-of-commerce MouImplementation Task forceTask1 OOCProjectsTask 2:InformationTask 3: Id throughstakeholderbodies &Europeana & EC Few projects Lack offunding 2 page intro Throughrelevant EUbodies
    30. 30. In Conclusion
    31. 31. Main obstacle:Funding1.Principles2.RRO mandates3.Inclusion ofoutliers4.Idfacilitator5.ProjectswhichincludeOut-of-Commerce Applicableacrosssectors Yes orobtainable In some, notall countries Exists: ARROW Few projects Main obstacle:Funding
    32. 32. 3232Thank you!Olav.Stokkmo@ifrro.orgwww.ifrro.org