Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Digitizing the cultural heritage
OKFN Conference – Berlin 2014
t.margoni@uva.nl
●
Cultural heritage is largely analogue
●
To make it widely available it needs to be
digitized and freely accessible throu...
When does a digital reproduction of existing
(protected or unprotected) materials give rise
to a new subject matter protec...
●
What are the underpinnings of the legal status of the
photographed/scanned/digitized material: mere
objects (not works);...
●
Legal research
●
Desk research (International/EU/MS)
●
Questionnaires (28 MS +)
– General questions
– Multiple choice (c...
2 parts:
– General questions on copyright fundamentals
– Multiple choice questions on specific acts of
digitization
Questi...
●
We developed 1 case scenario with 3 different
hypothetical situations that summarize 3 different types
of digitization p...
●
Automated reproduction/digitization
realized in absence (or negligible
presence) of human intervention (e.g.:
Google sca...
●
Reproduction operated by a specifically
hired professional with the objective to
realize high quality outputs (e.g.:
pho...
●
Automated reproduction realized by 
human operator (e.g.: human operator 
taking pictures/manually photocopying 
collect...
●
Originality
●
Derivatives
●
Neighbouring rights (especially non original 
photographs)
●
Scope of protection of phonogra...
●
The general work hypothesis seems
confirmed, i.e.:
– Mere acts of digitization do not create new
rights (they are consid...
●
However the main problem (as usual) is to define
what is the level of originality that need to be added
to the digital r...
●
One of the main tasks/objectives is to look
for MS case law offering an interpretation
of the law in cases like the one ...
●
Complete study
●
Website with maps and data
●
Academic paper/s
●
Extend geographical coverage
●
Possibly extend research...
t.margoni@uva.nl
Thanks!
14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 16
t.margoni@uva.nl
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

ThomasMargoni - Digitizing cultural heritage at OKFestival 2014 in Berlin

2,695 views

Published on

Thomas Margoni from the Institute for Information presents his research where he asks the question:
When does a digital reproduction of existing (protected or unprotected) materials give riseto a new subject matter protected by copyright and or related rights?

Published in: Law
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

ThomasMargoni - Digitizing cultural heritage at OKFestival 2014 in Berlin

  1. 1. Digitizing the cultural heritage OKFN Conference – Berlin 2014 t.margoni@uva.nl
  2. 2. ● Cultural heritage is largely analogue ● To make it widely available it needs to be digitized and freely accessible through the Internet ● What are the legal (or at least copyright) related obstacles? Definition of the problem 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 2 t.margoni@uva.nl
  3. 3. When does a digital reproduction of existing (protected or unprotected) materials give rise to a new subject matter protected by copyright and or related rights? Main research question 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 3 t.margoni@uva.nl
  4. 4. ● What are the underpinnings of the legal status of the photographed/scanned/digitized material: mere objects (not works); works (copyrighted or fallen in the public domain), material protected by related rights? ● How the different processes and techniques of digitization can influence the resulting legal status? (e.g.: automatic scans vs. professional photographs, semi-automatic digitization, etc). Sub-questions considered 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 4 t.margoni@uva.nl
  5. 5. ● Legal research ● Desk research (International/EU/MS) ● Questionnaires (28 MS +) – General questions – Multiple choice (case scenario) – Validation of results Methodology 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 5 t.margoni@uva.nl
  6. 6. 2 parts: – General questions on copyright fundamentals – Multiple choice questions on specific acts of digitization Questionnaire 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 6 t.margoni@uva.nl
  7. 7. ● We developed 1 case scenario with 3 different hypothetical situations that summarize 3 different types of digitization processes ● Subject matter covered: images (painting, drawings, maps, photos, etc.), texts (books, newspapers, letters, etc.), objects (statues, sculptures, vases, coins, etc.), films, phonograms, and TV or radio broadcasts Hypothetical cases 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 7 t.margoni@uva.nl
  8. 8. ● Automated reproduction/digitization realized in absence (or negligible presence) of human intervention (e.g.: Google scanning automatically all books of the entire collection). 3 Types of digitization: Automatic scanning 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 8 t.margoni@uva.nl
  9. 9. ● Reproduction operated by a specifically hired professional with the objective to realize high quality outputs (e.g.: photographer taking different shots in different light conditions to create hi- resolution images to be made available on the institution’s website) 3 Types of digitization: Photographs realized by artists 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 9 t.margoni@uva.nl
  10. 10. ● Automated reproduction realized by  human operator (e.g.: human operator  taking pictures/manually photocopying  collections for inventory/classificatory  purposes) 3 Types of digitization: In between... 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 10 t.margoni@uva.nl
  11. 11. ● Originality ● Derivatives ● Neighbouring rights (especially non original  photographs) ● Scope of protection of phonograms/broadcasts  Definition of copyright key concepts 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 11 t.margoni@uva.nl
  12. 12. ● The general work hypothesis seems confirmed, i.e.: – Mere acts of digitization do not create new rights (they are considered “reproductions”) – The creation of “artistic photographs” creates new subject matter – Simple photographs (where exists) can be relevant to acts of simple digitization Some (very preliminary) results 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 12 t.margoni@uva.nl
  13. 13. ● However the main problem (as usual) is to define what is the level of originality that need to be added to the digital representation to have something “new” ● Many times the scope of this type of digitization is to reflect as closely as possible the reality, so no space for added originality Some preliminary results 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 13 t.margoni@uva.nl
  14. 14. ● One of the main tasks/objectives is to look for MS case law offering an interpretation of the law in cases like the one at stake (eg: case reported in Poland) ● An ideal result would be to create a graphical representation indicating the type of new rights that can be created by digitization Some preliminary results 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 14 t.margoni@uva.nl
  15. 15. ● Complete study ● Website with maps and data ● Academic paper/s ● Extend geographical coverage ● Possibly extend research questions (cultural heritage legislation, Database, etc). Forthcoming results 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 15 t.margoni@uva.nl
  16. 16. t.margoni@uva.nl Thanks! 14-7-16 Institute for Information Law - IViR 16 t.margoni@uva.nl

×