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Małgorzata Rosalska
Distinctive skill as a part of career projects
OUTLINE
Outline
¨  Theoretical framework of career counseling for
students (just a little bit)
¨  The biggest challenge: attitudes...
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
Two basic assumptions
¨  Students have an individual right to guidance on
career but they have no obligation (and sometime...
Theoretical foundation:
¨  F. Parsons, J. Holland:
- trait-factor theory,
¨  V. Peavy, M. Savickas, N. Amundson, J. Krumbo...
Professional capital
¨  Human Capital
¨  Social Capital
¨  Decisional Capital
PC = f (HC, SC, DC)
Human capital
¨  A sense of purpose in life
¨  Hope
¨  Self-esteem
¨  Identity
¨  Possibilities
¨  Individual career prosp...
Social capital
¨  Network
¨  Family
Decision capital
¨  Abilities
¨  Motivation
¨  Activity
The crucial question for me is:
How to build and develop student’s responsibility
for their own career path?
Shaping proactive attitudes towards
professional career
¨  term 'attitude' is common for many scientific
disciplines. It is analyzed in psychology, pedagogy,
sociology and ethics...
¨  Term ‘attitude’ is also often used with evaluative
adjectives which gives it a normative character
¨  we can say an act...
definition of an attitude
¨  the whole of relatively permanent predispositions to
assess the subject of an attitude and re...
Each attitude consists of three
components
¨  cognitive component
¨  affective component
¨  behavioural component
Cognitive component
¨  This knowledge can be analyzed by extent and
authenticity. It can be very extensive and
comprehensi...
Cognitive component
¨  In the process of creating careers it is worth noticing
and analyzing knowledge of the labour marke...
Cognitive component
¨  It happens that students declare willingness to learn
a given trade or study a particular major, bu...
Affective component
¨  assessments
¨  opinions
¨  approaches
¨  emotions
Affective component
¨  It is a very important component.
¨  It can manifest itself as intellectual assessments and
opinion...
Affective component
¨  These emotions can be positive or negative.
¨  In the group of negative ones there should be
mentio...
Affective component
¨  There are people who do not take up educational
or professional challenges due to fear of failure.
...
Behavioural component
¨  behaviours towards the subject of an attitude. These
are all predispositions to act which can be
...
¨  This approach to an attitude has a huge practical
advantage in creating advisory influences
¨  The influences can be ai...
¨  Towards planning educational future people can
choose three basic attitudes:
¤  proactive,
¤  reactive
¤  passive.
¨  A proactive attitude is a situation when I create
reality which I live in.
¨  A reactive attitude is a situation when I...
Is it really so that people
make a decision based on
facts?
Cognitive component
¨  Knowledge
¨  Belives
Methodological issue
How to develop (critical) thinking?
Q-sort method
¨  Step 1 – individual work, identification of own
believes
¨  Step 2 – work in a small group, discussion,
a...
The pyramid of skills
Distinctive
skill
Professional skills
Basic skills
Basic skills
¨  This group consists of all social and interpersonal
skills, manners, competences related to moving on
the ...
Professional skills
¨  specific for a given business and professional
environment.
¨  The group consists of skills which b...
Distinctive skill
¨  Is characteristic for an individual.
¨  It is the skill which makes people stand out from other
gradu...
¨  The distinctive competence gives an advantage on
the labour market, makes people stand out from a
crowd, enables people...
The new roles of career counselor
The	roles	of	a	'new'	career	counsellor	
•  Class tutor
•  Facilitator
•  Mediator
•  Organizer
•  Expert
•  Analyst
•  Cri...
rosalska@amu.edu.pl
Thank you!
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Distinctive skill as a part of career projects

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Małgorzata Rosalska, Ph.D.
Workshop presentation from Cross-Border Seminar 2017 in Belgrade

Published in: Education
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Distinctive skill as a part of career projects

  1. 1. Małgorzata Rosalska Distinctive skill as a part of career projects
  2. 2. OUTLINE
  3. 3. Outline ¨  Theoretical framework of career counseling for students (just a little bit) ¨  The biggest challenge: attitudes students towards professional and educational career path ¨  What is a distinctive skill and how can we develop it? ¨  Change in perceiving the role of a career counsellor
  4. 4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
  5. 5. Two basic assumptions ¨  Students have an individual right to guidance on career but they have no obligation (and sometimes they have no need) ¨  Main challenge: attitudes, believes & motivation
  6. 6. Theoretical foundation: ¨  F. Parsons, J. Holland: - trait-factor theory, ¨  V. Peavy, M. Savickas, N. Amundson, J. Krumboltz: - decision making strategies, models for constructivist guidance, handling transitions ¨  A. Hargreaves, M. Fullan: - professional capital
  7. 7. Professional capital ¨  Human Capital ¨  Social Capital ¨  Decisional Capital PC = f (HC, SC, DC)
  8. 8. Human capital ¨  A sense of purpose in life ¨  Hope ¨  Self-esteem ¨  Identity ¨  Possibilities ¨  Individual career prospects ¨  Sense of achievement ¨  Motivation along the way
  9. 9. Social capital ¨  Network ¨  Family
  10. 10. Decision capital ¨  Abilities ¨  Motivation ¨  Activity
  11. 11. The crucial question for me is: How to build and develop student’s responsibility for their own career path?
  12. 12. Shaping proactive attitudes towards professional career
  13. 13. ¨  term 'attitude' is common for many scientific disciplines. It is analyzed in psychology, pedagogy, sociology and ethics. The fact that the term 'attitude' is used in very different contexts, in both scientific and colloquial language, makes this analysis difficult.
  14. 14. ¨  Term ‘attitude’ is also often used with evaluative adjectives which gives it a normative character ¨  we can say an active, passive, responsible, pro- health, patriotic, exemplary attitude.
  15. 15. definition of an attitude ¨  the whole of relatively permanent predispositions to assess the subject of an attitude and reacting emotionally to it, and relatively permanent beliefs about nature and characteristics of the subject of an attitude and relatively permanent dispositions to behave towards it.
  16. 16. Each attitude consists of three components ¨  cognitive component ¨  affective component ¨  behavioural component
  17. 17. Cognitive component ¨  This knowledge can be analyzed by extent and authenticity. It can be very extensive and comprehensive or it can be slightly defined and based on the system of beliefs only with reference to particular elements of the subject of an attitude.
  18. 18. Cognitive component ¨  In the process of creating careers it is worth noticing and analyzing knowledge of the labour market, the world of professions, recruitment procedures and beliefs about what determines professional success.
  19. 19. Cognitive component ¨  It happens that students declare willingness to learn a given trade or study a particular major, but they do not have knowledge of the character of a given job, required qualifications and predispositions. ¨  It happens also that the knowledge is invalid, popular and it comes from debatable sources.
  20. 20. Affective component ¨  assessments ¨  opinions ¨  approaches ¨  emotions
  21. 21. Affective component ¨  It is a very important component. ¨  It can manifest itself as intellectual assessments and opinions showing more or less reliable arguments and also as emotions towards the subject of an attitude.
  22. 22. Affective component ¨  These emotions can be positive or negative. ¨  In the group of negative ones there should be mentioned ¤  fear, ¤  concerns, ¤  discouragement.
  23. 23. Affective component ¨  There are people who do not take up educational or professional challenges due to fear of failure. They have negative approaches towards the labour market and they see more threats than chances. ¨  Their decisions are determined by their opinion about their own capabilities. These opinions are created many times on the basis of comparisons with others and they are inaccurate to their actual talents, predispositions and capabilities.
  24. 24. Behavioural component ¨  behaviours towards the subject of an attitude. These are all predispositions to act which can be expressed as ¤  desires ¤  aspirations ¤  a sense of duty ¤  intentions.
  25. 25. ¨  This approach to an attitude has a huge practical advantage in creating advisory influences ¨  The influences can be aimed at goals related to ¤  developing knowledge ¤  shaping approaches and opinions ¤  developing constructive behaviours
  26. 26. ¨  Towards planning educational future people can choose three basic attitudes: ¤  proactive, ¤  reactive ¤  passive.
  27. 27. ¨  A proactive attitude is a situation when I create reality which I live in. ¨  A reactive attitude is a situation when I only answer to offers of other people, institutions, fate.
  28. 28. Is it really so that people make a decision based on facts?
  29. 29. Cognitive component ¨  Knowledge ¨  Belives
  30. 30. Methodological issue How to develop (critical) thinking?
  31. 31. Q-sort method ¨  Step 1 – individual work, identification of own believes ¨  Step 2 – work in a small group, discussion, argumentation, collective search for solutions ¨  Step 3 – work in the forum, presenting, argumentation, comparing statements/points of view)
  32. 32. The pyramid of skills
  33. 33. Distinctive skill Professional skills Basic skills
  34. 34. Basic skills ¨  This group consists of all social and interpersonal skills, manners, competences related to moving on the labour market and planning a career. ¨  These skills determine the style of functioning on the labour market, the quality of contacts with co- workers, the professional image.
  35. 35. Professional skills ¨  specific for a given business and professional environment. ¨  The group consists of skills which build work professionalism. ¨  These are expert, valid and specialist knowledge and expertise in doing work tasks. ¨  The level of these skills is often determined by aptitudes, predispositions and talents. ¨  Work experience plays also a significant role.
  36. 36. Distinctive skill ¨  Is characteristic for an individual. ¨  It is the skill which makes people stand out from other graduates of a given major and from other professionals. ¨  It can be: ¤  specific, scarcely available and highly specialist knowledge, ¤  an exceptional skill, ¤  unique experience or training which is not available for the majority of people from a given business. It can be ¤  a knowledge of rather an unpopular language or specialist software. The distinctive competence gives an advantage on the labour market, makes people stand out from a crowd, enables people to be noticed and positively remembered.
  37. 37. ¨  The distinctive competence gives an advantage on the labour market, makes people stand out from a crowd, enables people to be noticed and positively remembered
  38. 38. The new roles of career counselor
  39. 39. The roles of a 'new' career counsellor •  Class tutor •  Facilitator •  Mediator •  Organizer •  Expert •  Analyst •  Critical commentator •  Network creator •  Person using resources •  Person restoring order
  40. 40. rosalska@amu.edu.pl Thank you!

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