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1
5G: An Evolution or a
Revolution?
Mérouane Debbah
Mathematical and Algorithmic Sciences Lab, Huawei,
France
November 24s...
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 2
Huawei was founded in Shenzhen, China’s ...
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 3
 Carrier :77% Huawei's revenue generate...
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 4
R&D center
Huawei Headquarters
Technical...
5
Trends & Insights
4.5G: new benchmark for 5G?
5G, where are we?
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 6
Useful Clarifications: IMT 2020 or « 5G ...
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 7
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 8
9
Trends & Insights
4.5G: new benchmark for 5G?
5G Revolution and Challenges
10
5G
2009 2015
2020
People
Giga World
Things
IoT Market
4.5G4G
MBB2020
Opening Giga Mobile World, Empowering Vertical Mar...
11
4.5G
Experience 4.0
VoiceHD
HD Voice HD Video
Connection+
NB-IoT, MC
PTT
…
HD
Vide
o
Gbps
Cloud VR/A
R
2K/4K
Video
4.5G...
12
Connection+ (NB-IoT & LiTRA)
13
Connection +
Macro
NB-IoT
--LTE integrated Trunked Radio
1 LiTRA2
2B
Requirements
l Small Packet
(<100kbps)
l Deep Coverage
(20dB)
l Low power (10 Years)
l Low cost (<$5)
0.8B
0.2B
Connect...
15
200kHz 200kHz200kHz
LTE
Bandwidth
20MHz
1.4
MHz
3
MHz
5
MHz
10MHz 15MHz
Standalone LTE Guard Band LTE In Band
10-year B...
Location accuracy (NB-IoT UTDOA) = (1/Signaling bandwidth *Sampling accuracy) *c
(1/500K * 1/40) * 3*10^8= 15m
18Q2: Dedic...
Scenarios
 High site density
 High interference
throughput improvement in cell edgeThroughput degrading due to serious
i...
18
NB-IoT
(add-on)
Reuse Existing Antenna
Reuse Existing OSS
Reuse Existing Baseband
Reuse Existing RF
eNodeB
Site: Single...
19
Module
Chipset
Device
Vertical Industry
2015 2016
NB-IoT E2E Ecosystem Update
20
Accelerate the Adoption of More Use Cases
Pet Tracking
Smart Parking
Gas Meter
Water Meter
4 Use Cases 50 Use Cases
Env...
21
UK
 Developers from Different Parties for Idea Exchange to Empower
Innovation
Dubai,
UAE
Beijing ,
China
Seoul ,
Korea...
22
Standardization of NB-IoT Completed
R14 kick off R14 frozen
2016.03 2016.05 2016.06 2016.09 2017.03
NB-IoT
eMTC
EC-GSM
...
5 USD Module is Competitive for LPWA Market
$30
$15 $15
$10 $9 $8 $8
$5
CAT4 CAT1 CAT0
(MTC)
CAT-M
(eMTC)
Sigfox GPRS LoRa...
24
Sigfox LoRa EC-GSM Cat-1 Cat-0 eMTC NB-IoT
Standardization Private Open 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP
Spectrum Unlicensed Un...
25
Trends & Insights
4.5G: a new benchmark for 5G?
5G Revolution and Challenges
26
5G Activities All Over The World
Countries and projects where 5G is studied, Asia is leading the 5G verification/trial
...
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 27
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 28
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 29
31
Diversified Challenges and Gaps to Reach 5G
Network
Architecture
Slicing
Ability
Required
Connections
1,000K
Connection...
32
3GPP: 5G Timeline
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 2019 2020 20212017 2022
Rel-10 Rel-11 Rel-12 Rel-13 Rel-14 Re...
5G Standardization Process
High Frequency Channel
2018.06 2019.12
RAN Requirement & Scope (SI) Phase 1 WI Phase2 WI
2015.0...
34
New Air Interface (Huawei Innovations)
SCMA
F-OFDM
Polar Code
Full Duplex
Mobile Internet Internet of Things
Mission Cr...
35
Huawei Won the World’s First 5G Award
2015 LTE/5G World
Summit,Huawei was
awarded the first 5G Prize:
“Biggest Contribu...
5G: a revolution or an evolution for IoT by Merouane DEBBAH, Huawei
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5G: a revolution or an evolution for IoT by Merouane DEBBAH, Huawei

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Targeted for 2020, 5G will take the eco-system to a whole new level. New applications, new business models and even new industries will spring up around 5G. With 5G, we can expect our high speed connections to extend into our vehicles, into our things, with fewer interruptions and new ways of working or remote working starting to take off. If we look at some of the goals of 5G versus where we are today, we can see the gap that has to be bridged over the next few years. The goal of 1ms latency is nearly 50x better than current LTE systems. In order to go from 100Mbps per user to 10Gbps, we need 100x the throughput per connection. The current 10,000 connections per square kilometer needs to increase to 1Million connections which is a 100x increase in density. Reliable communications today with LTE top can sustain 350km/h and we expect to bring that up by 1.5x to 500km/h . Finally the current core networks and backhaul/front-haul are inflexible with wasted pools of bandwidth. The introduction of SDN/NFV will allow much better ability to chop up and virtualize the network resources for lower operational costs and capital costs and much greater flexibility. In this talk, we will briefly describe the candidate 5G technologies and provide a look at the actual worldwide standardization process.

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5G: a revolution or an evolution for IoT by Merouane DEBBAH, Huawei

  1. 1. 1 5G: An Evolution or a Revolution? Mérouane Debbah Mathematical and Algorithmic Sciences Lab, Huawei, France November 24st, 2016
  2. 2. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 2 Huawei was founded in Shenzhen, China’s Special Economic Zone Huawei, a private company, was founded by Ren Zhengfei and several other investors with an investment of US$3,500. At that time, the company was a reseller of PBX switches of Hong Kong Hong Nian Company. Huawei developed C&C08 digital switches, which were primarily deployed in rural areas. Huawei started engaging global top consulting firms for management transformations. Huawei established its first international R&D center in Bangalore, India. Huawei became a preferred supplier for top carriers such as British Telecom and Vodafone. Revenue from Asia Pacific, the Americas, and EMEA exceeded domestic market for the first time. Huawei transformed itself from a CT company to an ICT company and established three BGs: Carrier BG, Enterprise BG, and Consumer BG. Shenzhen in the early 1980s Shenzhen after three decades 1987 1993 1997 1999 2005 2010
  3. 3. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 3  Carrier :77% Huawei's revenue generated from the carrier network business i from world's top 50 carriers  Enterprise : serving more than 100 global top 500 companies  Consumer : raising the brand awareness to 65%  A leading global ICT solutions provider  A Fortune Global 500 company, ranking 285 in 2014  Interbrand Top 100 Best Global Brands  170,000+ employees worldwide  45% or 76,000+ employees engaged in R&D  LinkedIn World's 100 Most InDemand Employers Who is Huawei  US$46.5B revenue in 2014  Serving 1/3 of the world's population Market Progress Employees Business Areas Today, Huawei is a leading ICT company
  4. 4. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 4 R&D center Huawei Headquarters Technical support center Accounting shared service center Supply center & Hub Training center Bidding center Argentina Mauritius Malaysia Romania China India Hungary Brazil Mexico Netherlands UAE Bahrain Germany Toronto Ottawa Silicon Valley Globalized resource deployment and localized business operations  Operations in 170+ countries and regions; 170,000+ employees comprised of 160+ nationalities worldwide ; 30,000+ non-Chinese employees with 75%+ localization rate.  Huawei's global value chain allows fluid capability transfer across the globe, develops and retains talent in local countries, and creates jobs and economic opportunities.
  5. 5. 5 Trends & Insights 4.5G: new benchmark for 5G? 5G, where are we?
  6. 6. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 6 Useful Clarifications: IMT 2020 or « 5G »  IMT 2020 is the actual effort to define next generation cellular technology.  What is means in practice is that, when the discussion starts, 3GPP will import the relevant IMT 2020 requirements and add its own requirements on top of that.  “5G” will remain a marketing term that companies will use (like it was the case for “4G”)
  7. 7. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 7
  8. 8. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 8
  9. 9. 9 Trends & Insights 4.5G: new benchmark for 5G? 5G Revolution and Challenges
  10. 10. 10 5G 2009 2015 2020 People Giga World Things IoT Market 4.5G4G MBB2020 Opening Giga Mobile World, Empowering Vertical Markets 4.5G Vision 2x MBB Users 10x Data Usage/month 7.5x C-IoT Conn.3b 6.7b
  11. 11. 11 4.5G Experience 4.0 VoiceHD HD Voice HD Video Connection+ NB-IoT, MC PTT … HD Vide o Gbps Cloud VR/A R 2K/4K Video 4.5G, Engine of New Services, New Experience, New Markets
  12. 12. 12 Connection+ (NB-IoT & LiTRA)
  13. 13. 13 Connection + Macro NB-IoT --LTE integrated Trunked Radio 1 LiTRA2
  14. 14. 2B Requirements l Small Packet (<100kbps) l Deep Coverage (20dB) l Low power (10 Years) l Low cost (<$5) 0.8B 0.2B Connections in 2020 (Billion)  Camera  Electronic billboards… Market Segment LPWA: Low Power Wide Area 3G/4G Technology GSM/GPRS/CDMA LTE MTC(R12, R13) Zigbee, Bluetooth WiFi, Sigfox, LoRa NB-IoT… l >10Mbps l ~1Mbps l Low power consumption  Smart Home  POS…  Sensors, Meters  Asset Tracking  Smart Parking  Smart agriculture … By 2020, LPWA to Represent 70% of Cellular IoT Connections 14
  15. 15. 15 200kHz 200kHz200kHz LTE Bandwidth 20MHz 1.4 MHz 3 MHz 5 MHz 10MHz 15MHz Standalone LTE Guard Band LTE In Band 10-year Battery Life PSM State Data Wake up 20+dB Gain Over 2G Coverage 9~12 dB N Repetitions~17dB NB-IoT Controller Service Platform DL DataSingleRAN (2G/3G/4G/NB-IoT) SingleRAN Based Network NB-IoT 200KHz NB-IoT Network Performance Higher Power density PSM: Power Saving Mode
  16. 16. Location accuracy (NB-IoT UTDOA) = (1/Signaling bandwidth *Sampling accuracy) *c (1/500K * 1/40) * 3*10^8= 15m 18Q2: Dedicated Positioning Reference Symbol: 3 sites for location ->4+ sites for location 18Q2: Multi carrier Frequency Spread, Signaling Bandwidth 180K->400K 17Q2: Multi tone. Signaling Bandwidth 15K->180K 18Q2: Sampling Accuracy 1/40->1/100 Positioning: NB-IoT Positioning Solution eNodeB 2 eNodeB 0 eNodeB 1 LoRA NB-IoT(17B) NB-IoT(18A/B) Signaling bandwidth 500K 180K Multi carrier Sampling accuracy 1/40 1/40 1/100 Final accuracy ~20m 50~100m 10~20m C:Speed of Light 16
  17. 17. Scenarios  High site density  High interference throughput improvement in cell edgeThroughput degrading due to serious interference in cell edge. Normal cells SFN cells Same PCI Different PCI Joint Transmission &Joint Receiving in cell edge Topology: SFN 40% 17
  18. 18. 18 NB-IoT (add-on) Reuse Existing Antenna Reuse Existing OSS Reuse Existing Baseband Reuse Existing RF eNodeB Site: SingleRAN Support Upgrading Smoothly to NB-IoT
  19. 19. 19 Module Chipset Device Vertical Industry 2015 2016 NB-IoT E2E Ecosystem Update
  20. 20. 20 Accelerate the Adoption of More Use Cases Pet Tracking Smart Parking Gas Meter Water Meter 4 Use Cases 50 Use Cases Environmental Monitoring Smart Band Liquid and Pressurized Fuels Smart Bike Smart Vending Waste Bin Smoke and Fire Alarms Water Bin 2015 2016
  21. 21. 21 UK  Developers from Different Parties for Idea Exchange to Empower Innovation Dubai, UAE Beijing , China Seoul , Korea Italy Shanghai ,C hina NB-IoT Open Labs  Live NB-IoT Service and Network, Software Simulating Tools, Working Spaces  Provide Different API, SDK and Other Resource to Facilitate Rapid Application Deployment on Different Platform
  22. 22. 22 Standardization of NB-IoT Completed R14 kick off R14 frozen 2016.03 2016.05 2016.06 2016.09 2017.03 NB-IoT eMTC EC-GSM R13 Completed RAN1 RAN2 RAN3 R13 Completed RAN1 RAN2 RAN3 R13 GERAN2(Performance) R13 RAN4(Performance) R13 RAN4(Performance) R13 Completed GERAN1 R14 Positioning Multicast Non-Anchor PRB enhancements Mobility and service continuity enhancement New Power Class R14 Positioning R14 Positioning Multicast Mobility enhancements Higher data rates VoLTE
  23. 23. 5 USD Module is Competitive for LPWA Market $30 $15 $15 $10 $9 $8 $8 $5 CAT4 CAT1 CAT0 (MTC) CAT-M (eMTC) Sigfox GPRS LoRa NB-IoT ONLY NB-IoT can do it 23
  24. 24. 24 Sigfox LoRa EC-GSM Cat-1 Cat-0 eMTC NB-IoT Standardization Private Open 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP 3GPP Spectrum Unlicensed Unlicensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Licensed Channel BW 100Hz 7.8~500kHz 200kHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4MHz 180KHz System BW 100KHz 125kHz 1.4MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4~20MHz 1.4MHz 180KHz Peak Data Rate UL:100bps DL:600bps 180bps~37.5kbps DL: 74kbps UL:74kbps DL:10Mbps UL:5Mbps DL:2Mbps UL:1Mbps DL:800kbps UL:1Mbps DL:234.7kbps UL:204.8kbps Max. number of Message per day 140(Device) 50000(BTS) 50000(BTS) unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimited Device Peak Tx Power 14dBm 14dBm 26dBm 23dBm 23dBm 23dBm 23dBm MCL(Maximum Coupling Loss) UL:156dB DL: 147dB UL: 156dB DL: 168(SF12, BW7.8) 132(SF6, BW125) 164dB 144dB 144dB 156dB 164dB Device Power Consumption Low Low-Medium Low Medium Medium Low-Medium Low LPWA Technologies Overview
  25. 25. 25 Trends & Insights 4.5G: a new benchmark for 5G? 5G Revolution and Challenges
  26. 26. 26 5G Activities All Over The World Countries and projects where 5G is studied, Asia is leading the 5G verification/trial 11-2012 European Union METIS 2020 Project 29 members €27 million investment DoCoMo joint 5G research with 13 vendors 12-2013 European Union 5G PPP Project €125 million investment for 5G (initial EU funding) >€700 million investment funding in 2014-2020 Update on 02-2014: €4B investment in 2014-2020 11-2013 Huawei 5G research investment ~$600 million China Gov 5G funding ¥160 million in 2013 only MIIT launch of IMT-2020 Promotion Group or 5G Targeting 2020 commercialization 10-2012 UK Gov."5G Innovation Centre“ at the University of Surrey 150 researchers, ~100 PHDs £41 million investment Launch of 5G Forum in 2013 South Korea Gov. $1.5B funding in developing and rolling out trial 5G services by 2017,Commercial services by 2020 CMCC 5G Project 03-2014 Germany and UK 5G research project On 24-02-2014 NGMN has made a decision to focus the future NGMN work programme on defining the end-to-end requirements for 5G Alliance representing 21 mobile operators around the world 5GMF set up on 09-2014, verification from 2017
  27. 27. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 27
  28. 28. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 28
  29. 29. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Proprietary - Restricted Distribution Page 29
  30. 30. 31 Diversified Challenges and Gaps to Reach 5G Network Architecture Slicing Ability Required Connections 1,000K Connections Per km2 Mobility 500km/h High-speed Railway Throughput 10Gbps Per Connection Latency 1 ms E2E Latency 5G 100Mbps 10K 350Km/h30~50ms Inflexible LTEGAP 30~50x 100x 100x 1.5x NFV/SDN
  31. 31. 32 3GPP: 5G Timeline 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2018 2019 2020 20212017 2022 Rel-10 Rel-11 Rel-12 Rel-13 Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16 3GPP Req., Eval. Criteria ITU Workshop Proposal WRC-12 WRC-15 WRC-19 Spec. ITU-R LTE-Advanced (4G) Eval Rel-17 5G SI(s) UAI, other features / enhancements 5G WI(s) Phase-2 5G WI(s) Phase-1 LTE-Advanced Pro (4.5G) 2018Q2 Basic function Verification 2020Q2 Commercial 2019Q3 IOT Test 5G
  32. 32. 5G Standardization Process High Frequency Channel 2018.06 2019.12 RAN Requirement & Scope (SI) Phase 1 WI Phase2 WI 2015.09 2016.03 Phase 1 Frozen Phase 2 Frozen Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16 2017.03 Waveform & MA Numerology Modulation & Coding MIMO Channel and Signaling  OFDM based waveform  NOMA needs to be investigated  Forward-compatible flexible frame structure  Full support of Massive MIMO  Polar code and LDPC should be included in research. 5G AI basic Consensus Now 2016.102016.11 Kick off 3GPP SI Charter 5G AI direction will be almost determined in 2016.
  33. 33. 34 New Air Interface (Huawei Innovations) SCMA F-OFDM Polar Code Full Duplex Mobile Internet Internet of Things Mission Critical MTC One air interface fits many applications with high flexibility, at least a 3x intrinsic spectrum efficiency improvement Adaptive Air Interface
  34. 34. 35 Huawei Won the World’s First 5G Award 2015 LTE/5G World Summit,Huawei was awarded the first 5G Prize: “Biggest Contribution to 5G Development”

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