Nazi Germany began
camps in 1933
They were places to hold
political prisoners and
opponents of the Nazi
They grew rapidly in
number throughout the
After WWII started in 1939,
concentration camps became
places where enemies of Nazis
were enslaved, starved, tortured
The camps held Jews, Soviet
prisoners of war, Gypsies), Polish
people, political prisoners,
homosexuals, people with
disabilities, Jehovah's Witnesses,
Catholic clergy, Eastern
European intellectuals, and
•Auschwitz was built in 1940 in the Polish city of
Oswiecim, a town that had been taken by Nazi
Germany and renamed Auschwitz.
•The original reason the camp was established
was that the mass arrests of Polish people that
followed the seizing of their country was
becoming unmanageable by the regular prisons.
•In 1942 it became one of the largest death camps
as a part of Hitler’s “final solution.”
Nazi Germany's plan and execution of the
systematic genocide of European Jews during
World War II, resulting in the final, most deadly
phase of the Holocaust.
Mass killings of about one million Jews occurred
before the plans of the Final Solution were fully
implemented in 1942, but it was only with the
decision to eradicate the entire Jewish population
that the extermination camps were built and
industrialised mass slaughter of Jews began in
The Final Solution to the ‘problem of the Jews’ saw
the execution of an estimated 6 million Jewish people
Auschwitz concentration camp alone accounted for
the death of 4 million Jews and non-Jews under Nazi
1. In what decade did Nazi concentration camps
rapidly increase in number?
2. What was the original purpose of the Nazi
3. Who were sent to the camps?
4. Where is Auschwitz?
5. Why was the Auschwitz camp built?
6. What is the “final solution” in your own words?
7. How many people died at Auschwitz?
1. Discuss the relationship between Bruno and Gretel.
Why does Bruno seem younger than nine?
2. What is it about the house at Out-With that makes
Bruno feel “cold and unsafe”?
3) Describe his
reaction when he
first sees the people
in the striped
pyjamas. What does
Gretel mean when
the way [Bruno] was
watching made her
4) Bruno asks his father about
the people outside their
house at Auschwitz. His
father answers, “They’re not
people at all Bruno.” (p. 53)
Discuss the horror of this
attitude. How does his
father’s statement make
Bruno more curious about