Study of the anatomy and
organization of the nervous
system.
NEUROANATOMICAL
STRUCTURAL
DIVISION
CNS
PNS
Neuroanatomical
Division
Functional
ANS
SNS
PSNS
Branch of physiology that
studies the nervous system
function
1
• Large number of brain neurons
2
• Neurons consist of a cell body, dendritic tree structure and an
axon
3
• Neurons gen...
Neuropsychology is a discipline
fundamentally clinical, which converges
between neurology and psychology.
Neuropsychology studies the effects of
injury, damage or malfunction in the
central nervous system structures in the
cogni...
 Head injury
 Stroke
 Braintumors
 Neurodegenerative diseases(Alzhemier, multiple
sclerosis,Parkinson,etc.)
 Developm...
Is the evaluation of psychological and behavioral
effects of brain damage in a person to detect and
establish a relationsh...
Diagnostic and at times therapeutic
procedure that is performed in order
to collect a sample of cerebrospinal
fluid (CSF)
...
Themostcommonpurposefor alumbar
punctureistocollectcerebrospinalfluidina
caseof suspectedmeningitis.
Can detect the degree of tightening or obstruction
of an artery or blood glass in the brain, the head or
the neck.
It is u...
Magnetic resonance of a head
Is a noninvasive technique
To obtain information on the structure and
composition of the body to be analyzed
This informat...
To observe alterations in the tissue and detect cancers and other
diseases
Unlike CT , uses no ionizing radiation , but fi...
Computed tomography
Also called scanning , is a technique of medical imaging that
uses X-radiation for cuts or sections of anatomical objects ...
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
Neurology
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Neurology

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Neurology

  1. 1. Study of the anatomy and organization of the nervous system.
  2. 2. NEUROANATOMICAL STRUCTURAL DIVISION CNS PNS
  3. 3. Neuroanatomical Division Functional ANS SNS PSNS
  4. 4. Branch of physiology that studies the nervous system function
  5. 5. 1 • Large number of brain neurons 2 • Neurons consist of a cell body, dendritic tree structure and an axon 3 • Neurons generate electrical potentials 4 • Electric potentials are the basic mechanisms for communication 5 • Neurons are functionally polarized 6 • Synapse 7 • Dale's Principle
  6. 6. Neuropsychology is a discipline fundamentally clinical, which converges between neurology and psychology.
  7. 7. Neuropsychology studies the effects of injury, damage or malfunction in the central nervous system structures in the cognitive, psychological, emotional and individual behavior.
  8. 8.  Head injury  Stroke  Braintumors  Neurodegenerative diseases(Alzhemier, multiple sclerosis,Parkinson,etc.)  Developmental diseases(Epilepsy, cerebral palsy, attention deficit,hyperactivity)
  9. 9. Is the evaluation of psychological and behavioral effects of brain damage in a person to detect and establish a relationship between the anatomical areas and cognitive functions affected in order to delineate a neuropsychological rehabilitation program relevant to the case.
  10. 10. Diagnostic and at times therapeutic procedure that is performed in order to collect a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) For biochemical analysis Very rarely as a treatment to relieve increased intracranial pressure
  11. 11. Themostcommonpurposefor alumbar punctureistocollectcerebrospinalfluidina caseof suspectedmeningitis.
  12. 12. Can detect the degree of tightening or obstruction of an artery or blood glass in the brain, the head or the neck. It is used to diagnose cerebro-vascular accidents and to determine the location and size of a cerebral tumor, aneurysm, or vascular malformation.
  13. 13. Magnetic resonance of a head
  14. 14. Is a noninvasive technique To obtain information on the structure and composition of the body to be analyzed This information is processed by computer and transformed into images of the inside of what has been analyzed.
  15. 15. To observe alterations in the tissue and detect cancers and other diseases Unlike CT , uses no ionizing radiation , but fields magnetic to align the nuclear magnetization of (usually) atoms of hydrogen from water in the bodY
  16. 16. Computed tomography
  17. 17. Also called scanning , is a technique of medical imaging that uses X-radiation for cuts or sections of anatomical objects for diagnostic purposes. Is the imaging slices or sections of an object

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