• Rosa Gonzales Llontop
GROUP 6 :
• Agip Alarcón Walter Daniel
• Campos Tapia Alexander
• Herrera Cercado Romain
• Ocaña Paredes Christian
• Salazar Salazar Eduardo
• Vicente Ramírez Daniel
• Drug addiction is called the psychic and sometimes physical state
caused by the interaction between a living organism and a drug.
Characterized by behavioral and other responses, that always
includes an irrepressible urge to take the drug continuously or
periodically in order to experience its psychic effects and
sometimes to avoid the discomfort of its absence.
• Often addictions arise from problems within the family
(misunderstanding, miscommunication, shock, intra-family abuse,
rejection, step, abandonment, lack of economic resources, academic
difficulties, absolute poverty and indifference), to feel that they are
ones at home, teens have the impression of not being heard or taken
• They also use drugs when there are problems around. For example:
Not being accepted by friends or a condition for joining a certain
group is ingesting drugs, be like them, imitating them, make them
believe that "trips" are the best, or worse, fall into social influence.
Addicts can make any comments you want about the person who is
not willing to enter into drugs, teens should be aware of them and
maintain their position to say NO.
• Sometimes young people with an unhealthy curiosity to observe, that
some teens their age mimic the act of taste and feel the use of any
• When problems arise in the lives of some adolescents (scolding,
beatings, mistrust, misunderstanding, economic conflicts in the
family, addicted or divorced parents, school learning difficulties,
etc..) Reflect a large emotional depression, which can be full of
hatred, anger and shame at the behavior of parents, friends or
CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS BY OMS
• Group 1 (Opiates): opium and natural derivatives, semisynthetic and
synthetic (morphine, heroin, methadone).
• Group 2 (Psicodepresores): barbiturates, benzodiazepines and the like.
• Group 3: ethanol.
• Group 4 (Psychostimulants older): cocaine, amphetamines and
• Grupo 5: hallucinogens (LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, etc.).
• Grupo 6: cannabis derivatives (marijuana, hashish).
• Grupo 7 (Substances volátile): gasoline, glue, ether, nitrous oxide,
• Grupo 8 (Minor Psychostimulants): snuff, caffeine, cola, cocoa.
• Grupo 9: drug design and synthesis.
How to identify a drug addict?
Withdrawal from the company of others.
Loss of interest in favorite activities such as
sports and hobbies.
Increasing conflicts and quarrels within the
Lack of motivation inability to fulfill
Impact on drug use
• Occurrence of psychological distress, negative mood and irritability, defensive
activities, loss of self-esteem and intense guilt, as well as visual and auditory
hallucinations, decreased intellectual capacity, slurred speech, and the destruction of
Impact on drug use
• Addicts become selfish and self-centered.
• They have eating disorders, ulcers, insomnia, fatigue and other diseases such
conjunctivitis, cerebral atrophy, tremors and convulsions.
The first phase of treatment will consist in controlling the addiction risks of
"The second phase requires psychological treatment (psychotherapy).
The third phase, attempts to integrate the individual in social life.
Clinical case n ° 1
This is a 30 year old man who came to the Municipal Drug Program in June
1997, an indication of a close friend who was previously treated in our
department. He had three previous income in drug-free program in the
first two just expelled the fall in consumption and in the third leaves,
having requested a resource in a closed regime. There was also attended
evangelical schools, staying short periods of time.
It begins in the alcohol and cannabis at age 15, at 17 years start using
cocaine sporadically since the age of 24 regularly smoked heroin.
He is the youngest of a family of
seven children (three boys and four
The sixth sister died in an accident
before the birth.
He has a brother addict.
At 19 he left the Brigade and starts living with a woman 13 years his senior,
separated with two children.
The woman he lives he has taken home. Comes quite high, it takes two weeks living
on the street, has left the job.
Your friend has again advised to stay in psychological treatment. During the first
five months, leaving the consumption of toxic substances.
Similarly, continues to attend interviews, where I try to point to its uniqueness and
begins to unfold its own story, their doubts and difficulties.
We can see three distinct moments that seem especially significant to understanding
the case and see the line of intervention.
1. The patient does not know where to
go, he has traveled many places
without getting in any
(a posteriori one can see that this has
been a constant in his life, from
family to family, changing places,
with nowhere to go).
Bring toxicological problems, social, employment, family, couple, psychological.
•Intervention towards the latter problems calls and offering a listening place. This
announcement introduces a certain order and allows you to start the therapeutic
2. The second stage is marked by its relationship with the friend, which in part allows
you to include a kind of "brotherhood / family" to identify with the leader's speech.
3. The third time is the symptomatic improvement, which would be where is now, as
you will bear witness to their suffering, the drug loses effectiveness and the use of
it is unnecessary.
I diagnose consumption of cocaine
Spinster without children
Not podia permancer still in the interview
Conscious to the consumption of drugs
Clínica Case n ° 2
Consumption of marijuana from 18 years
of weekly form and mescalina in two
The first hospitalization was
presenting iluciones and
agitation of the movement
I leave his treatment for
It is the third one of 5 brothers comes from legal union.
Vivio with parents and brothers up to 3 years .padres
they separated I inform of it in the adolescenciay there I
initiate consumption of drugs
At the age of 20 his first relation initiates with a man 15
years major that she by psychiatric characteristics pipe
an abortion I explain of which sigui consumption of
"Only you have the last word: It is" NO "when
you are offered Drug"