Drug addiction


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Drug addiction

  2. 2. TEACHER: • Rosa Gonzales Llontop GROUP 6 : • Agip Alarcón Walter Daniel • Campos Tapia Alexander • Herrera Cercado Romain • Ocaña Paredes Christian • Salazar Salazar Eduardo • Vicente Ramírez Daniel
  3. 3. DEFINITION • Drug addiction is called the psychic and sometimes physical state caused by the interaction between a living organism and a drug. Characterized by behavioral and other responses, that always includes an irrepressible urge to take the drug continuously or periodically in order to experience its psychic effects and sometimes to avoid the discomfort of its absence.
  4. 4. CAUSES • Often addictions arise from problems within the family (misunderstanding, miscommunication, shock, intra-family abuse, rejection, step, abandonment, lack of economic resources, academic difficulties, absolute poverty and indifference), to feel that they are ones at home, teens have the impression of not being heard or taken into account. Family problems
  5. 5. Social Influences • They also use drugs when there are problems around. For example: Not being accepted by friends or a condition for joining a certain group is ingesting drugs, be like them, imitating them, make them believe that "trips" are the best, or worse, fall into social influence. Addicts can make any comments you want about the person who is not willing to enter into drugs, teens should be aware of them and maintain their position to say NO. •
  6. 6. Curiosity • Sometimes young people with an unhealthy curiosity to observe, that some teens their age mimic the act of taste and feel the use of any drug.
  7. 7. Emotional problems • When problems arise in the lives of some adolescents (scolding, beatings, mistrust, misunderstanding, economic conflicts in the family, addicted or divorced parents, school learning difficulties, etc..) Reflect a large emotional depression, which can be full of hatred, anger and shame at the behavior of parents, friends or acquaintances.
  8. 8. CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS BY OMS • Group 1 (Opiates): opium and natural derivatives, semisynthetic and synthetic (morphine, heroin, methadone). • Group 2 (Psicodepresores): barbiturates, benzodiazepines and the like. • Group 3: ethanol. • Group 4 (Psychostimulants older): cocaine, amphetamines and derivatives.
  9. 9. • Grupo 5: hallucinogens (LSD, mescaline, psilocybin, etc.). • Grupo 6: cannabis derivatives (marijuana, hashish). • Grupo 7 (Substances volátile): gasoline, glue, ether, nitrous oxide, etc. • Grupo 8 (Minor Psychostimulants): snuff, caffeine, cola, cocoa. • Grupo 9: drug design and synthesis.
  10. 10. How to identify a drug addict?  Withdrawal from the company of others.  Loss of interest in favorite activities such as sports and hobbies.  Increasing conflicts and quarrels within the family.  Red eyes.  Lack of motivation inability to fulfill responsibilities.
  11. 11. Impact on drug use • Occurrence of psychological distress, negative mood and irritability, defensive activities, loss of self-esteem and intense guilt, as well as visual and auditory hallucinations, decreased intellectual capacity, slurred speech, and the destruction of neurons.
  12. 12. Impact on drug use • Addicts become selfish and self-centered. • They have eating disorders, ulcers, insomnia, fatigue and other diseases such conjunctivitis, cerebral atrophy, tremors and convulsions.
  13. 13. TREATMENT  The first phase of treatment will consist in controlling the addiction risks of "withdrawal.  "The second phase requires psychological treatment (psychotherapy).  The third phase, attempts to integrate the individual in social life.
  14. 14. Clinical cases Clinical case n ° 1 This is a 30 year old man who came to the Municipal Drug Program in June 1997, an indication of a close friend who was previously treated in our department. He had three previous income in drug-free program in the first two just expelled the fall in consumption and in the third leaves, having requested a resource in a closed regime. There was also attended evangelical schools, staying short periods of time.
  15. 15. TOXICOLOGICAL HISTORY It begins in the alcohol and cannabis at age 15, at 17 years start using cocaine sporadically since the age of 24 regularly smoked heroin.
  16. 16. PERSONALHISTORY  He is the youngest of a family of seven children (three boys and four girls).  Dead parents.  The sixth sister died in an accident before the birth.  He has a brother addict.
  17. 17. At 19 he left the Brigade and starts living with a woman 13 years his senior, separated with two children. The woman he lives he has taken home. Comes quite high, it takes two weeks living on the street, has left the job. Your friend has again advised to stay in psychological treatment. During the first five months, leaving the consumption of toxic substances. Similarly, continues to attend interviews, where I try to point to its uniqueness and begins to unfold its own story, their doubts and difficulties.
  18. 18. CASE ANALYSIS We can see three distinct moments that seem especially significant to understanding the case and see the line of intervention. 1. The patient does not know where to go, he has traveled many places without getting in any (a posteriori one can see that this has been a constant in his life, from family to family, changing places, with nowhere to go).
  19. 19. Bring toxicological problems, social, employment, family, couple, psychological. •Intervention towards the latter problems calls and offering a listening place. This announcement introduces a certain order and allows you to start the therapeutic process.
  20. 20. 2. The second stage is marked by its relationship with the friend, which in part allows you to include a kind of "brotherhood / family" to identify with the leader's speech.
  21. 21. 3. The third time is the symptomatic improvement, which would be where is now, as you will bear witness to their suffering, the drug loses effectiveness and the use of it is unnecessary.
  22. 22.  I diagnose consumption of cocaine  24-year-old woman  Spinster without children  Not podia permancer still in the interview  Good verbosity  Changeable affectibility  Conscious to the consumption of drugs Clínica Case n ° 2
  23. 23.  Consumption of marijuana from 18 years of weekly form and mescalina in two opportunities  The first hospitalization was presenting iluciones and agitation of the movement  I leave his treatment for improvement Personal precedent
  24. 24. FAMILIAR PRECEDENTS Homosexual father I relatewithpsychosis
  25. 25. It is the third one of 5 brothers comes from legal union. Vivio with parents and brothers up to 3 years .padres they separated I inform of it in the adolescenciay there I initiate consumption of drugs At the age of 20 his first relation initiates with a man 15 years major that she by psychiatric characteristics pipe an abortion I explain of which sigui consumption of drugs PERSONAL INFORMATION
  26. 26. "Only you have the last word: It is" NO "when you are offered Drug"