Writing and the Common Core State Standards Esther Wojcicki Founder, Palo Alto High School Journalism ProgramCalifornia State Teacher Credentialing Commission Teacher of the Year in 2002.
Discussion topics today• What are the Common Core State Standards in Writing and Language Arts?• The challenge: including non-fiction in the classroom• How to meet the State Standards• requirements in your classroom• Examples from the real world
Not much has changed in 100 years• Little or no project based learning• Lots of worksheets—now online• Little student control of learning• Collaboration is seen as cheating • CHANGE IS IN THE COMMON CORE STATE STANDARDS
What should school today look like ? CREATIVE, INNOVATIVE, EXCITING, COLLABORATIVE
All kids have tremendous capacity for innovation We educate innovation and creativity out of them with all the testing and controlled curriculum
We are educating kids for a future that we don’t know We need to teach them to think, to find information for themselves. not to memorize useless facts
How do you get creativity into the schools?Add project based learning into the scripted curriculum
Make school RELEVANTLet them explore and write about their world
WHY JOURNALISM? Journalism is themost effective and authentic project based learning for all students WHY? It’s real
Why Journalism?• It ties directly to the Common Core State Standards• The Common Core State Standards can help change the classroom
CCSS---Key Design Consideration Research and media skills blended into the Standards as a whole....students need the ability to gather, comprehend, evaluate,synthesize, and report on information and ideas, to conductoriginal research in order to answer questions or solveproblems, and to analyze and create a high volume andextensive range of print and nonprint texts in media forms oldand new. The need to conduct research and to produce andconsume media is embedded into every aspect of today’scurriculum...
WRITING STANDARDCCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.10 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Journalism is research, primary research It provides….the ability to gather,comprehend, evaluate, synthesize, and report on information and ideas, to conduct original research….
WRITING STANDARD CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.7 Participate in shared research and writing projects …
Come up with a story idea Pay attention to what is happening in the world around you
ability to gather information... How to Search intelligently on the web
Personality Seventh grade was when it all started. Thefeature song “Careless Whisper,” by George Michael, hooked Orion into the musical world, and keptlead by 9th him there. With its catchy melody by his side, Orion was able to excel at alto saxophone, andgrader find a supportive group of friends that share similar interests as him. “It’s the song that got me into music.” Orion says, when referring to “Careless Whisper”. He and his friends have been playing that song for several years now, and it still holds a special meaning for them. Orion described how he and his five other band friends played Careless Whisper after band practice one day. “We played it over and over,” he said. “We even got some of the teachers to come out and dance! Our friends came out and walked with us and they talked, and we just kept playing.”
Other people to interview• Adminstrators• Teachers• Student leaders• Parents• Grandparents• Community members• Business people
JOURNALISM MEANS PUBLISHINGTop Three and Free ways to publish Blogger WordPress Tumblr
JOURNALISM is Opinion Writing. It ties to CCSS• All kids are opinionated starting at birth…by the time they are in elementary school they want to run the show.• Give them an opportunity to write about something they care about and be independent
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.1 Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure
MY THREE DAUGHTERS—MY FIRST CLASS—VERY SELF DIRECTED
PARENTS ARE A CHILD’S FIRST TEACHERS• They are also the most influential of all the teachers.• Parents are part of the educational team
MY PHILOSOPY WITH MY CHILDREN • Trust • Respect • Independence • Collaboration • Kindness
WORKS IN THE CLASSROOM, TIES INTO CCSS• It empowers students• Fosters collaboration• Helps teachers implement the project based CCSS curriculum• Motivates students• Makes kids feel valued
Reasons for dropping out• School not relevant to real world • Feel disconnected to school • Difficult home life • Economic issues
Help them feel connected• Give them a chance to express their ideas (OPINION WRITING)• Let them work together in groups (MORE FUN TO WORK WITH YOUR FRIENDS)• Have them write everyday about what is important to them (or react to what is going on in the world) (USE GOOGLE DOCS TO SHARE)
EXAMPLES OF STUDENT OPINION WRITING• STUDENTS CAN WRITE ABOUT – Local issues – Family issues – School issues – International issues – Class issues – So many topics
WRITING STANDARDCCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.2 Write informative/explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure. NEWS WRITING Ties to the CCSS
WRITING STANDARD CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.4.8 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
NEWS WRITINGWhat is News Writing?• Collecting information and or data• Distinguishing fact from opinion• Evaluating sources• Evaluating information• Writing it up in the inverted pyramid format, most important to least important
You don’t need a dedicated journalism program• Opinion writing can be done in an English class, a social studies class, a science class• Easiest classes to integrate journalism into is 5th through 9th grade English classes
Book Reviews instead of Book ReportsHave students read professional book reviews• Ask them to support their opinions about the book with examples and quotes• You can still ask them to evaluate plots, characterization, theme....• Have students peer edit using Google Docs• Publish the reviews in a blog online
WRITING STANDARD CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.5 … focus on a topic, respond to questions and suggestions from peers, and add details to strengthen writing as needed.
WRITING STANDARD CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.6 …..use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers
WHY ???• Why don’t schools change??• 1. Schools of education have not changed• 2. Teachers teach the way they were taught• 3. Teachers are reluctant to give up any control to students• 4. Teachers are given scripted curriculum
Everyone is interested in educationLet’s see if we can make a difference in getting kids engaged (not threatened) in their learning Let’s see if we can implement the CCSS
Videos to watchSEARCHhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=v9yZco8bwI8The power of Docshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=TYPjJK6LZdMVideo at the endhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g9PvlEWAr5I