Early modern europe 15th and 16th century

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Early modern europe 15th and 16th century

  1. 1. Major political and economic characteristics Early Modern Europe 15 th and 16 th century - Authority shifted from the nobles in the Feudal system to the Divine Right of Kings during the Middle ages <ul><li>Serfdom was abolished </li></ul><ul><li>-serfs (unfree peasants) would no longer have to be forced to work in the fields of landowners in exchange for protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantilism dominated the Western European economic policies and started in the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantilism is an economic theory that claims that the prosperity of a nation is dependent upon its supply of capital </li></ul><ul><li>It encourages exports and discourages imports </li></ul>
  2. 2. In 1485, the Battle of Bosworth Field took place -Henry Tudor became the first English monarch of the Tudor Dynasty after Richard III ( last king of the House of York) was killed in the battle Fall of Constantinople- - in 1453, the capital (Constantinople) of the Byzantine Empire was overtaken by the Ottoman Empire which was under the command of Sultan Mehmed II - Capitalism first started to show up in Italian republics like Genoa and Venice and later in France, Germany, and England -Capitalism is a kind of economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately owned and there is private profit
  3. 3. <ul><li>European colonization of the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>In 1492, there was a Spanish expedition to the Americas led by Christopher Columbus </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, the entire Western Hemisphere would come under the control of European nations </li></ul>- In 1494 the French king Charles VII invaded Italy - several important books were also written during the early modern period - Machiavelli wrote “The Prince” (1513) -he emphasized the need for stability in a prince’s principality -he claimed that the greatest moral good is a virtuous and stable state
  4. 4. <ul><li>Thomas More wrote “Utopia” (1516) </li></ul><ul><li>The book describes a fictional island society and its religious, social, and political customs </li></ul><ul><li>Within the book, he discusses social issues in Europe by comparing the island’s unusual political ideas to the chaotic politics of his own day </li></ul><ul><li>The Elizabethan Era was from 1558- 1603 when Queen Elizabeth I reigned </li></ul><ul><li>This was a “Golden Age” period for England where there was peace, harmony, stability, and prosperity </li></ul>

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