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  1. 1. CaliforniaBy: Kevin Starr<br />Rosy Caito<br />History 141<br />Professor Arguello<br />
  2. 2. Queen Calafia's Island: Place and First People<br />Theme: California known to the first Spanish explorers <br />In 1533, Spanish explorers , commanded by Hernan Cortez, landed on the newly discovered Pacific, believing that the land was an island.<br />Around the year 1539-40 was when the Spanish realized that California was not an island, but a peninsula with area to the north that they would not be able to conquer for a few hundred years.<br />
  3. 3. The different geographies that make California distinct<br /><ul><li>Fault lines- the San Andreas, the Hayward, the garlock, the san Jacinto, the Nacimiento. San Francisco earthquake of April 18th,1906 shook the ;land at 8.3 on the Richter scale</li></ul>1,264- mile Pacific shoreline ; Coastal Plains<br />4 strategic intervals-bay of San Diego (south), Monterey and San Francisco bays (mid-region), and Humboldt bay (north).San Francisco is among the 3 finest on the planet.<br /><ul><li>Mountain Ranges of California: Transverse Ranges, Peninsula Ranges, Klamath Mountains, Cascades ,Sierra Nevada's, Mount Whitney, Mount Shasta, and Mount Lassen </li></li></ul><li>The First Californians: Presence of Native Americans<br />There were hundreds of thousands of native Americans residing in California for centuries before settlers had arrived.<br />In the northwest were the fishing peoples, shell gatherers of the Central Coast, the hunter-gatherers of the interior, the agriculturists of the southeast <br />Native American California offered a spectrum of linguistic and cultural diversity in the region before any settlers arrived to the area in a later era.<br />They did not need elaborate hierarchies because they lived a simple, balanced life of hunting and gathering .<br />Their culture and heritage was all about creation myths, totems, rituals and taboos.<br />
  4. 4. Chapter 2: A Troubled Territory: Mexican California<br />Theme: Mexican California’s Goal<br />Alta and Baja California were classified as territory to Mexico in 1824<br />The main goal of Mexican California revolved around the effort to create a civil society through secularization of the missions, foreign trade, and land grants.<br />Over time, it was difficult for Mexican California to do this with a mixture of forces: international commerce, a growing population of non-Mexican residents, the collapse of local politics, presence of foreign powers from the pacific, and emergence of enlightenment ideas<br />
  5. 5. Society of Mexican California<br />Family was everything and was the fundamental fact and premise of social life<br />After 24 years of Mexican rule, trade and commerce promoted secularization as Mexican Californians found their values, prosperity, and lifestyle modified by contact with the wider world<br />Twenty -one missions were built of adobe by Indians under supervision on Franciscans.<br />
  6. 6. American Presence in Mexican California<br />A group of seventeen trappers connected to the Rocky Mountain Fur Company arrived in California on August 1826.<br />They were led by Jedediah Smith, a Bible -reading explorer-entreprenuer, who constituted the first American penetration of California overland from the east.<br />Smith had trouble bringing more men on an expedition into California though because his men were ambushed by Mojave Indians.<br />Through out his journey, Smith linked California to the interior of the north American continent. <br />Because of Smith, other trapping parties entered California in hopes of getting into the world of the Rocky Mountain fur trade .<br />
  7. 7. Chapter 8: Making it HappenLabor Through The Great Depression<br />Theme: Strikes and Unions<br />The General Strike of 1901 led to the formation of the Union Labor Party in San Francisco, which held power through the tenure of 2 mayors elected from their ranks.<br />The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), a loose federation of anarchists that wanted to seize the state and establish an industrial utopia, had a strike in San Diego in 1912.<br />-5000 protested in front of a city hall and led to chaos<br />
  8. 8. The Great Depression<br />More than three hundred thousand agriculturist workers flooded California. They were all white Americans from the Great Plains and the Southwest.<br />Wages went down by more than 50 percent.<br />Riots would take place because people were devastated.<br />Workers began to organize unions throughout Southern California <br />
  9. 9. The Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union ( CAWIU)<br />Founded by the Trade Union Unity League, a national organization chaired by William Zebulon Foster.<br />They organized a strike by 2,000 cannery workers in the Santa Clara Valley south of San Francisco.<br />The CAWIU played leadership roles in 24 agricultural strikes in 1933<br />They were involved in the largest single agricultural strike in the history of the nation: a cotton pickers strike in the San Joaquin Valley with 10,000 strikers.<br />