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Famous male and female mathematicians of all times

Einstein

Newton

Lovelace

Galileo

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- 1. How does your sex affect MATH'S & SCIENCE'S development?
- 2. Famous Mathematicians i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. Albert Einstein Isaac Newton Archimedes Galileo Charles Hermite Ada Lovelace Emmy Noether Lise Meitner Sophie Germain Maria Gaetana Agnesi
- 3. Albert Einstein i. Albert was born on March 14th, in Germany 1879 ii. Albert was Jewish, and after being recognized Nazi's threated to kill him iii. Albert won the Nobel Peace Prize for physics iv. Albert is most famous equation is E=MC2 v. Albert is famous for the Theory of Relativity. vi. Albert's research created the nuclear bomb vii. Albert wanted to stop the creation of nuclear bombs viii. Albert went to many colleges MIT, Princeton, Oxford, University of Zurich,etc. ix. Albert was also a scientist-physicist http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/e-mc2-letters
- 4. Energy=Mass* speed of light
- 5. Sir. Isaac Newton- i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. Isaac was born January 4th, 1642 in England Isaac worked for college, at Cambridge Method of Fluxion, infinite calculus. Newton loved math and science not money and fame. Isaac made a reflective telescope for the Royal society Newton made theories on optics and light/color Isaac proved the theory of planetary motion Newton discovered gravity Isaac made a principia containing the 3 laws of motion; still used today x. Newton's principia is the one of the most important science books ever written xi. Isaac was selected into parliament for the royal society xii. Isaac overcame a nervous breakdown, after studying and proving that nothing is made, but transformed or conserved.
- 6. Archimedesi. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. Archimedes was born 287 BCE in Italy Archimedes was a greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Archimedes received his education in Alexandria, Egypt Archimedes created the Archimedes screw, which was used for irrigation in Egypt and for releasing water from a ship Archimedes claw was used as a weapon to defend his hometown Archimedes used infinitesimals in a way that is similar to modern integral calculus, Archimedes found the mathematical proof for the formula for area of a circle, Archimedes found the solution to the problem as an infinite geometric series Archimedes discovered the relation between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cylinder Archimedes also helped invent pi Archimedes discovered buoyancy Archimedes created scientific notation, replacing the greek alphabet
- 7. Galileo Galilei i. ii. iii. iv. Galileo was born January 15th, 1564 in Italy Galileo developed a more advanced telescope Galileo discovered all of Jupiters moons Galileo books were banned because of his rationality to life, and science not religion v. Galileo believed that the solar system was surrounded by the sun vi. Galileo was put on house arrest for being anti- religious vii. Galileo turned blinded after looking directly at the sun.
- 8. speed=1/2 acceleration of gravity*time2
- 9. Charles Hermitei. Charles was born in France December 24th, 1822 ii. Charles worked on the number theory, quadratic forms, invariant theory, orthogonal polynomials, elliptic functions, and algebra iii. Hermite published the first proof that e is a transcendental number, it is not the root of any algebraic equation with rational coefficients. iv. Charles was a major figure to create algebraic expressions v. Charles was a science professor
- 10. Depriving from education in EuropeDuring the Middle Ages, under the influence of Christendom, many European countries were against to any form of higher education for females. Women were mostly deprived from the fundamental elements of education, like as reading and writing.Men claimed that education was a source of temptation and sin for women. For the most part, learning was limited to nuns which constituted the only opportunity for education open to girls during the Middle Ages.
- 11. Italian Renaissance Began... After the fall of Istanbul, many scholars migrated to Rome, bringing Europe knowledge and critical thinking, which in turn gave rise to the Renaissance in Italy, however, there was the Renaissance when women made their mark on the academic world. In Italy intellectually gifted women were admired by men, they were never ridiculed for being intellectual and educated. This attitude enabled Italian women to participate in arts, medicine, literature, and mathematics. Among many others, Maria Gaetana Agnesi was by far the most important and extraordinary figure in mathematics during the 18th century.ce. However, except in Italy, the status of women throughout Europe changed very slowly.
- 12. i. ii. Ada Lovelace Ada was born December 10th, 1815 in London. Ada was known for scientific computing, a calculation system for the industrial revolution time period. iii. Ada made a machine that helped people with general things, mostly mathematics iv. Ada died of cancer in 1852
- 13. Emmy Noether- i. Emmy was born in March 23rd in Germany, 1882 ii. Emmy was best known for her contributions in theoretical physics and abstract algebra iii. Emmy was most famous for the RING THEORY iv. Since Emmy was jewis nazi's forced her out of Germany v. Emmy corrected and fine tuned the theory of relativity. vi. Einstein's words, "In the judgment of the most competent living mathematicians, Fraulein Noether was the most significant mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began." vii. David Hilbert's words, " I do not see that the sex of the candidate is an argument against her admission as a Privatdozent."
- 14. What is the theory of rings? .... Sorry I Asked
- 15. Lise Meitner- Austria on November i. Lise was born in ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. 7th, 1878 Lise was best known for her radioactive, and nuclear physics. Elise's physics team discovered a nuclear fission. Lise was from a jewish family of eight, then in 1908 she was baptized. Elsie, won the nobel peace prize for science. Lise created a permanent ioscope. Element 109 was named after Elise
- 16. Nuclear fissionWhen a nucleus in a cell splits, that makes a huge impact on other nucleus. Two basic equations are1. 235U + 1 neutron = 2 neutrons + 92Kr + 142Ba + ENERGY 2. 235U + 1 neutron = 2 neutrons + 92Sr + 140Xe + ENERGY
- 17. This discovery... E= MC i. Lead to Einstein's letter to Roosevelt ii. The discovery to the atomic bomb or nuclear bomb. 2
- 18. Sofia Germaini. Sofia was born April 1st in France, in 1776 ii. Sofia loved school, so he had a male alias to study at Equole Polytech iii. Sofia taught herself latin and greek so she could read classic books iv. After learning about the death of Archimedes, she began a lifelong study of mathematics and geometry v. Sofia became the first woman to win a prize from French Academy of Science vi. Sofia proved Fermat’s Last Theorem wrong, and made the theory of elacticity
- 19. Maria Gaetana Agnesi- i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. Maria was born May 16th, 1718 in Italy Maria was an Italian mathematician,activist, and philosopher Maria was the oldest of 21 children Maria was a child prodigy Maria was could speak french and italian at age 5 ,and by 13 Greek, Hebrew, Spanish, German, and Latin. Maria worked on Analytical Institutions, dealing with differential and integral calculus. Maria's Analytical math work was published and used for centuries Maria was recognized as one of the wealthiest people in Milan. Maria became a professor for the University of Bologna Maria was appointed by Pope Benedict XIV to the chair of mathematics and natural philosophy and physics at Bologna.
- 20. Thankyou for watching! By: Essence

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