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GIS Is Changing Things . . . . How We Collaborate . . . How We Organize and Reason . . . How We Communicate . . . Shared Geographic Knowledge A Geospatial Spatially Integrated Language Thinking . . . Providing a New Platform for Integration
GIS Is Also Changing The Way We Work • Systematic • Holistic • Analytic • Quantitative Visualizing Analyzing • Visual Designing & Planning Geo-Accounting Decision Making Measuring Acting Employs a science based approach
Geospatial Data Is Growing Rapidly…….Supporting Many Applications• Satellite & Aerial Imaging• LIDAR• GPS and Location Aware Devices• Spatially Referenced DBMS’s• Sensor Networks• Crowd Sourcing . . . Providing a Foundation For GIS
…And Proving Valuable In Decision MakingExtensively Used in Many Integrated Applications Social Security Conservation Employment Land Records Natural Congestion Defense/SecurityResources Agriculture Business Efficiency Water Disaster Management Pollution Land Use Climate Change Biodiversity Human Health Population Development Education Energy Logistics Urban Planning Energy/Power National Security Environment Infrastructure Improving Planning, Management and Decision Making . . . . . . Providing Critical Infrastructure 6
Many Forces Are ConvergingEnabling a Pervasive Geospatial Platform . . . Opening Our World to Everyone
Technology Is Advancing Structured and Multiple Client unstructured metadata PlatformsMash Up Feeds Business Modeling SOA
We See Integration of Systems Web 2.0 Services Oriented Architecture (SOA) Web Desktop, Web, Client Mobile Clients • Interconnected • Interoperable • Integrative • DynamicHighest Point Highest Terrain Service Point Service Service Point-to-Point Services Loosely Coupled and Orchestrated Services
Geo-Services Are Being Created • RESTful Services Shared Geospatial Resources • Easily Discovered• Open Standards Based • Easy-to-Use Clients • Customizable (API’s) Moving from Data Sharing To Shared Services (Maps, Models, Data . . . )
To Serve Multiple Users/User groups• Authoritative Data• High Quality Maps• Analytics and Models• Rich Applications Knowledge Citizens Workers Field Workers Industry Experts Executives . . . And Other GIS Users Leveraging These Services . . .
Resulting In an Integrated Geospatial Framework GIS Applications Gov. – Bus Gov. – Citizens Gov. – Gov. Gov. – Academia GIS Services Integrating All Levels of Government . . . Supporting Access, Collaboration and Transparency
A New GIS Pattern Is EmergingMaking GIS Accessible to Everyone Desktop Lightweight Server Mobile . . . Virtually Anywhere and on Any Device
Addressing Common Aspects of Business Behavior Asset Planning & Field Operational Constituent Management Analysis Mobility Awareness Engagement A Complete Integrated SystemCollect, Organize, Transform Data Get Information Disseminate Get Feedback and& Exchange Data Into Actionable Into and Out of Information Where Make Informed Information the Field and When it is Decisions Needed
This Pattern Will Open and Extend GISProviding Access to the Vast Network of Geographic Knowledge Knowledge Workers Managers Policy Makers GIS Professionals Citizens Extending the Reach of GIS . . . Empowering Others to Participate . . . . . . Providing Shared Understanding
Constitution of State GIS Body Steering Committee Geospatial Advisory Committee Coordinating Committee Cross Cutting Working Geospatial Line of Business Work Groups Groups User / Architecture Lifecycle Grants & Geo- MetaData Common Historical Data Standards & Management Contracts Enabled Services Technology Business Cadastral Demographic Statistics State Departments Water Transportation Environment Education Health Law Enforcement
Key Consideration Converged solution for Interoperable with Standards Database different decision National SDI bodies Integrated interoperable Standardization and converged solution Security Integration with state agencies Protocols STATE GIS Sharable GIS Accessible by resources Citizens Accessibility Accessible by state agencies
Typical GIS System Architecture for State Implementation
Revenue / Tax Collection• Land Assessment• Revenue Scenarios• Track payment status per plot• Record valuation histories and information• Aid to policy decisions
Suggestion on Road Map to gis enabled e– Governance E-Governance Projects should be Geo-enabled Set standards and framework Emphasis on Applications developed centrally, deployed over central application servers Prioritize data collection and creations Use as federated model for effective sharing and usage of data Focus on Training and Capacity Building on a continuous basis.