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Emergency response management using gis

Disaster’s have no boundary & can strike anywhere. While Technology has progressed considerably & it is quite possible to predict Disaster’s, however we have seen in the recent past that window between the predication & actual occurrence is too small. In such a scenario it becomes extremely important to focus on planning & preparedness which can help in swift response & recovery thereby limiting the damage & loss. One way to plan well is through use of Technology & one such technology is Geographic Information system (GIS)

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Emergency response management using gis

  1. 1. NATIONAL SUMMIT ON DISASTER MANAGEMENTEmergency Response Management using GIS Rakesh Raina Sr. Vice President, NIIT GIS Ltd (Esri India)
  2. 2. Disaster Risks in IndiaIndia is vulnerable in varying degrees to alarge number of natural as well as man-made disasters 58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity; Over 40 million hectares (12 per cent of land) is prone to floods and river erosion; Of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis; 68 per cent of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought and hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches.Further, the vulnerability to Nuclear, Biologicaland Chemical (NBC) disasters and terrorism hasalso increased manifold. 2
  3. 3. For Decision making - require information likeWhere …? Incident exact location, Critical InfrastructureWhere is … ? Nearest Hospital, Fire Station …Where do I … ? Safety storage siting …What are ...? Sensitive & Vulnerable Areas…What if…? Facility provided…Which … ? Optimum Route …How many…? People are affected by floods …How does…? Sustainable development …What has changed …? Deforestation, Disasters, … 3
  4. 4. All Disasters Are Spatial In Nature … …lets try how best can we manage them ! 4
  5. 5. Why GIS ?• Integrate many different types of data • Spatial data + Non-spatial data (statistical, texts,..)• With GIS we can easily: • Draw maps and visualize spatial distributions • Edit and alter existing data • Map where things are? • Map Quantities & Densities • Accurately measure distances and areas • Simulate scenarios for better planning & much more 5
  6. 6. Today’s ChallengesOne of the keys is the ability todiscover, access, integrateand share information from Govt.multiple sources… University Multi-sourceespecially information that Private informationhelps us make better provides Statedecisions and provide faster Foundationresponse & relief for Local Planning, Decision and Action 6
  7. 7. Using GIS for Emergency Management Response Recovery Prevention Detection Assessment Preparedness 7
  8. 8. The Geographic Approach Integrate And Analyze Many Data Sources Coordinated Geographic Turn into Action Information Actionable System Intelligence Creating The Common Picture Share Communicate Collaborate 8
  9. 9. How GIS can be leveraged for Disaster ManagementGIS is the most complete Accurate cataloging ofinformation system for GIS data and services,analyzing, modeling, and combined with yourdisplaying community organizations existingvulnerability Planning investments, gives you Data and an edge for turning raw and Analysis Analysis data into usefulGIS aids in quickly information.establishing fullsituational awareness Situational Fieldby linking people, Getting accurate Awareness Operations information from fieldprocesses, andinformation together operations back tousing geography. It the command centerprovides the map can be a difficultinterface into getting a challenge. Mobilehandle on an GIS gives you theemergency and nimbly advantage.adjusting to change. 9
  10. 10. Aeronautical Where are My Assets Retail Land Records Parks & RecreationCoastal Protection & Marine Defense Education Museum Agriculture Hospital Port Security Rescue Economic Development Telecommunication Government Electric/Gas Banking Security Facility Management Tourism Refuse Collection Lighting Landscape Planning Public Works Sign Inventory 10
  11. 11. Managing Resources and Operations 11
  12. 12. Field enablement 12
  13. 13. Response and Recovery Who?• GIS helps in creating Common Operational View• GIS uses include: • Mass Evacuation • Emergency Vehicle Dispatch and Tracking • System Restoration Monitoring • Damage Assessment • Infra availability assessment 13
  14. 14. Assessment and Preparedness Flood Modeling• GIS uses include: • Emergency Management Planning • Modeling Events • Mapping Critical Asset Locations Infrastructure Inventory • Placement scenarios for motion detectors or cameras Motion Detection Planning/Mapping Critical Infra 14
  15. 15. Building a common operating environment 15
  16. 16. Case Studies & Solution Scenarios 16
  17. 17. Flood Mapping Iowa Past Experiences Floods Assam & Bihar, India Forest Fire Wenchuan Earthquake History China CaliforniaTsunami Modeling Wildfire Idaho South Asia Aftershocks Floods Simulation Houston Cyclone Fire History Earthquake Myanmar (Burma) Greece Damage Hurricane Risk Tornado Japan Texas Alabama 17
  18. 18. Indian Ocean TsunamiOperationalized Data and the Web INCOIS Supporting Pacific Data Centre Collected, Processed & Provided Data & Images 18
  19. 19. Japan Quake and TsunamiPublic Engagement and Analysis Crowd Sourcing Situational Awareness Debris Removal 19
  20. 20. Fukushima Radiation Exposure 20
  21. 21. Earthquake - Haiti http://www.directrelief.org/Flash/Haiti_Aid_Distribution/Index.html 21
  22. 22. Case Study – Maharashtra DMIS 22
  23. 23. Case Study – Earthquake, Kutch District 23
  24. 24. Gulf of Mexico SpillData Management and the Cloud• Response tracking/time series• Shoreline cleanup• Environmental sampling• Boom retrieval• Field observations• Overflight photos• Before and after photos• Wildlife 24
  25. 25. Gulf of Mexico Spill Emergency COPMission Specific Access Plume Modeling Crowd Sourcing 25
  26. 26. ArcGIS : The Complete Enterprise GIS• Arc GIS is a complete GIS system for authoring, serving and using geographic information.• It is an integrated collection of GIS software products for building and deploying a complete GIS wherever it is needed – on desktops, servers or custom applications, over the web or in the field 26
  27. 27. Proposed : Hybrid Cloud / Federated Architecture 27
  28. 28. Who we are• NIIT GIS ltd is a Joint Venture between NIIT Technology & Esri Inc USA • Established in 1996 • Know by Esri India brand • Market Leader in GIS in India with over 20,000 Licensed Users • ISO 9001 & 27001 certified company• Esri Inc • Esri is a Global Leader in Geospatial products and solutions • Esri Inc was Founded in 1969 with over $ 1.2 Bn turnover • Spends around 20% of Revenue in R&D • More than 300,000 customers worldwide• NIIT Technologies Ltd • NTL formed in 2004 as a spin off from NIIT Ltd. • Ranked among India’s Top 20 IT Services players • A footprint that spans North America, Europe, Asia and Australia • Presence in Verticals of BFSI, Travel Transportation & Logistics (TTL) and Retail & Distribution. • SEI CMM Level 5, CMMi Level 5 28
  29. 29. Thank You Your Partner in GIS

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