A short history
Culture& ethnic groups
important places to
Where the Netherland is located?:
- This is a European Country. It is
located along the North Sea, next to
Western Germany and Northern
Belgium. Its capital is Amsterdam, but
its house of government is The Hauge
Geographic Features of The Netherlands:
• Its major water feature is, of course, the
North Sea. Also the Netherlands has three
rivers (Rhine, Waal, Meuse) that acts as a
natural and a cultural border. In 1134, a
storm created the archipelago of Zeeland
Climate of The Netherlands:
The climate of the Netherlands is a
temperate, marine type of climate. The
Netherlands experiences cool summers and
Environment of The Netherlands:
There are numerous water, air, and marsh
animals. There are also many kinds of deer
and fox. Other animals include, but are not
limited to, the badger, boar, and the common
beaver. All reptiles and amphibians are
endangered. The Netherlands natural
resources include natural gas, petroleum, peat
moss, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, and
arable ground(farm land).
History of The Netherlands:
The man who ruled the Netherlands at this time never spoke a word
First time Netherlands was a unitary state
Kingdom of Holland
Napoleon gave his brother the land as a gift
Part of French Empire
Later Napoleon decided he didn’t like his brother so he took back the land
Kingdom of Netherlands
Was once again a unitary state and was free of a king run system
Slow to industrialize because of dependence on water and wind power
Estimated 100,000 Jews killed in the Netherlands
After the War
Started gaining ties to neighboring countries BENELUX
Their Saint Nicholas turned into Santa Clause
Roman Catholic- 31%
Dutch Reformed- 13%
No religion- 41%
Food and Music of The Netherlands:
Breakfast- fresh bread, cheese, cooked meats, sausage, butter
chocolate sprinkles, jam or honey, and often a boiled egg.
Lunch- Same generally as breakfast
Dinner- Within the house, home cooked meals. Generally do not
go out of the house to eat food at the local McDonald’s though.
It helps to eat at the home, that’s probably why they aren’t as
fat as the common American.
They usually drink coffee, teas, chocolate/fruit juice
Their music is the same as ours, they don’t exactly have rap
there though, due to the lack of African American population
living in their borders.
Government of The Netherlands:
The Netherlands is constitutionally monarch
with The Hague as the house of government.
Economy of The Netherlands:
Most people work in businesses or huge
industries. The types of products
produced include, but are not limited to,
agriculture, food processing, chemicals,
petroleum, and electrical machining.
Tourism in The Netherlands:
Well, if one were by chance to visit the
Netherlands you could go visit the many
Dutch windmills or maybe even pick up some
wooden shoes. You could also go watch a
futbol game by the Holland team.
Some Famous Dutch People:
• Vincent Van Gogh – ARTIST: Dutch artist whose work became
known for its emotional intensity and bold use of color years
after his death. Also known for his landscapes and his Olive
Trees series that featured depictions of cypresses in different
• Dirk Kuyt-SOCCER PLAYER :Forward who scored 51 goals for
Liverpool between 2006 and 2012 and joined the Dutch national
team in 2004; became a fan favorite and was noted for his team
spirit, energy, and enthusiasm.
• Queen Juliana-ROYALTY : Popular monarch who reigned over the
Netherlands from 1948 to 1980. Indonesia and Suriname both became
independent from her country while she was in power.
10 Top Tourist Attractions in the
1-Delta Project:The Delta Project or Delta Works are a series of
constructions built between 1950 and 1997 in the provinces of Zeeland
and South Holland to protect large areas of land from the sea. The
works consist of dams, sluices, locks, dikes, and storm surge barriers.
They have been declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern
World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
2-Maastricht Vrijthof :The Vrijthof is the best-known city
square in Maastricht, a city in the southern most part of the
Netherlands. It features the massive Saint Servatius Church
and Saint Jan’s Cathedral. The Vrijthof regularly hosts large
festivals at various times throughout the year, including autumn
and winter festivals.
3-Rijksmuseum: The Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam is the largest
and most prestigious museum for art and history in the
Netherlands. It has a large collection of paintings from the
Dutch Golden Age including works by Vermeer and Rembrandt.
Until 2013, the museum is being completely renovated, but the
major masterpieces are still on show.
4-Kinderdijk :More than 1.000 old windmills still exist in the
Netherlands. The largest concentration of Dutch windmills can
be found near the village of Kinderdijk (“Children’s dike”). To
drain the excess water from the polders, which are situated
below sea-levels, 19 windmills were built around 1740. They have
been well preserved to the present day and are now popular
tourist attractions in the Netherlands.
5-Hoge Veluwe: He Hoge Veluwe National Park is one of the
largest continuous nature reserves in the Netherlands,
consisting of heathlands, sand dunes, and woodlands. The
Kröller-Müller Museum with it large collection of paintings by
Vincent van Gogh is located within the park. Bicycles are
available for free to visitors of the Hoge Veluwe, with much of
the area being inaccessible by car.
6-Keukenhof Gardens: Keukenhof Gardens is the
world’s largest flower garden, and actually a
promotion for the Dutch flower industry.
Approximately seven million flower bulbs are planted
annually in the park with not only tulips, but also
hyacinths, daffodils and other spring flowers on
display. The gardens are open from the last week in
March to mid-May. Keukenhof is one of the most visit
tourist attractions in the Netherlands
7-Delft City Hall :The City Hall in Delft is a
Renaissance style building on the Markt square across
from the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church). Originally
designed by the Dutch architect Hendrick de Keyser,
it was heavily changed over the centuries and was
restored in the 20th century to its Renaissance
8-West Frisian Islands :The West Frisian Islands or
Waddeneilanden in Dutch are a chain of islands in the
North Sea off the Dutch coast. They continue
further east as the German East Frisian Islands. The
islands separate the North Sea from the shallow
Wadden Sea, with tidal mud flats. Under the
supervision of licensed guides several islands can be
reached by walking on the mudflats during low tides.
On the islands cycling is the most favorable means of
9-Leiden Canals :Leiden is known for the oldest
university in the Netherlands, the birthplace of
Rembrandt and its beautiful canals. The two branches
of the Old Rhine enter Leiden on the east and unite in
the city center which also contains several smaller
canals. The old center of Leiden is one of the largest
17th century town centers in the Netherlands, second
only to Amsterdam.
10-Anne Frank House: The Anne Frank House is a museum with a
story. It's situated in the center ofAmsterdam and holds the hiding
place where Anne Frank wrote her famous diary during World War II.
Anne Frank was a normal girl in exceptional circumstances. For more
than two years she described the events of her daily life in hiding in her
See for yourself how Anne, her family and other people were
living while hiding from the occupying Germans. Take into
account, that visiting the Anne Frank House is a moving
experience, which has already touched millions of people from all
over the world..
Biggest Cities By Population:
• Population of 1.36 Million people live here in the Capitol
• About 643,425 people live here in Rotterdam
• Around 485,818 people live in the Hague
When you combine these three countries you get a total of
WHAT SPORTS DO THEY PLAY?
• Football (American soccer
• Speed Skatin
• Field Hockey
WHAT DO THE COLORS ON THE FLAG
• Red =Strength & Courage
• White = Honesty & Peace
• Blue = Loyalty & Truth
»About 16,570,613 people live in the
»Ranks 58th on the list of countries with
the highest population
• 80.7% Dutch
• 5% EU
• 2.4% Indonesian
• 2.2% Turkish
• 2% Surinamese
• 2% Moroccan
• 5.6% Other
• January 1 New Year's Day
• March/April Easter
• April 30 Queen's Day (Queen Juliana)
• May 4 Remembrance of the Dead (WW2)
• May 5 Liberation Day (Nazis in WW2 Left)
• 40 days after Easter Ascension Day
• 7 weeks after Easter Pentecost
• December 5 Saint Nicholas' Eve
• December 25, December 26 Christmas
• Queen’s Day: This event was celebrated on the 30th of April
• throughout the country.
World Press Photo Exhibition: April 22 to June 9
• Netherlands to Close Prisons: Not Enough Criminals
• Netherlands to ban psychedelic mushrooms (drug)