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Ticks

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Tick treatment 101

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Ticks

  1. 1. TICKS
  2. 2. Ticks 101  There are about 200 species of ticks in the United States and about 850 species globally. Soft ticks infest birds and mammals other than humans, while hard ticks are the most important species with regard to human attacks.
  3. 3. Ticks 101  One thing potential clients may not know is that ticks are not limited to outdoor environments — brown dog ticks, for example, can live their whole lives indoors. These ticks can be harder to treat than bed bugs, as they get into vents, requiring challenging structural treatments.
  4. 4. Ticks 101  There are several species of hard ticks, including dog ticks, wood ticks, deer ticks and black-legged ticks. Their salivary glands secrete a glue that keeps the tick in place while feeding. Feeding on a host can last from days to weeks, with the tick taking up to 600 times its body weight in blood. Females die after producing between 3,000 and 6,000 eggs in a mass, meaning that thousands of ticks can be found on a single property. A tick’s life cycle lasts anywhere from three months to two years.
  5. 5. Preparation  It is important to let clients know that you will be providing a suppression service, not an elimination service. While it’s possible to reduce the amount of ticks on a property through habitat modification, deer control and exclusion services, even the most thorough technician implementing the most comprehensive pest control program won’t be able to eradicate them.
  6. 6. Preparation  The key to tick prevention and suppression is to create a tick- free zone on your customer’s property. Therefore, recommend that they clear tall grass and brush around their home, mow their lawn frequently, stack firewood in a dry location and place a 3-foot wide barrier of wood chips or gravel between lawns and wooded areas and around patios and play equipment.
  7. 7. Preparation Clients should be aware of certain areas on their property that are/could be breeding grounds for ticks:  Stone walls  Firewood  High brush  High grass (12 inches or more)
  8. 8. Preparation Before beginning any treatments all technicians should familiarize themselves with the property they are servicing. They should know for example:  If a client’s neighbors are raising honeybees.  That the treatments droplets on foliage can potentially act like magnifying glasses in high heat, thus “burning” the flowers.  The treatments are toxic to fish.
  9. 9. Treatment  The best approach to controlling backyard tick populations is to target the lawn and woodland edge, including walking trails frequented by family members. It’s important to note that most ticks are found in wooded areas and in the transition area between woodlands and open space. A powerful solution includes the use of a residual spray and a granular insecticide, in order to achieve both quick knockdown and long-term control.
  10. 10. Treatment Treating the transition area between woodlands and open space for ticks would require spraying 10 feet into the grass and 20 feet into the shrubby area with a pyrethroid, ensuring that the product is forced into the grass thatch, litter and mulch under the shrubs. Applying product higher than 3–4 feet up is not necessary, since this is the area that ticks are hatching from and moving around in.
  11. 11. Treatment  Indoors (if necessary) : treat baseboards, carpeted areas, and rugs with an EC plus an IGR(Precor). Be sure to check label on the EC to make sure you can do a open surface treatment on carpets. Treat all carpets/rugs with a fan spray with a 30 percent over lay.
  12. 12. Questions?
  13. 13. SOURCES  http://www.npmapestworld.org/  http://www.pctonline.com/

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