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Introduction to ipm

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IPM is based on taking preventive measures, the site for the level of the pest(s), assessing the potential for pest damage, and choosing appropriate actions. Many different tactics may be available, including cultural practices, biological control agents, pesticides, pest-resistant varieties, mechanical methods and physical barriers. In IPM, these tactics may be combined into a plan that best suits the particular situation.  It is a comprehensive approach dedicated to removing causes rather than just treating symptoms.

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Introduction to ipm

  1. 1. Introduction to IPM
  2. 2. IPM is based on taking preventive measures, the site for the level of the pest(s), assessing the potential for pest damage, and choosing appropriate actions. Many different tactics may be available, including cultural practices, biological control agents, pesticides, pest-resistant varieties, mechanical methods and physical barriers. In IPM, these tactics may be combined into a plan that best suits the particular situation. It is a comprehensive approach dedicated to removing causes rather than just treating symptoms.
  3. 3. Introduction IPM practitioners determine whether intervention is needed and: 1) When it is needed, 2) Where it is needed, and 3) Which pest management intervention(s) will be appropriate.
  4. 4. Defining IPM Here is a basic definition which will be used here. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the coordinated use of pest and environmental information along with available pest control methods, including cultural, biological, genetic and chemical methods, to prevent unacceptable levels of pest damage by the most economical means and with the least possible hazard to people, property, and the environment".
  5. 5. Integrated Integrated means that all feasible types of control strategies are considered and combined as appropriate to solve a pest problem.
  6. 6. Pests Pests are unwanted organisms that are a nuisance to man or domestic animals, and can cause injury to humans, animals, plants, and property. Pests reduce yield and/or quality in plants ranging from field crops, fruits and vegetables, to lawns, trees, and golf courses.
  7. 7. Management is the process of making decisions in a systematic way to keep pests from reaching intolerable levels. Small populations of pests can often be tolerated; total eradication is often not necessary, or feasible.
  8. 8. All of the components of an IPM approach can be grouped into three activities: 1. Monitoring 2. Assessing the pest situation 3.Taking action The Basics of IPM
  9. 9. Monitoring The primary goals are to locate, identify, and rank the severity of pest infestations. Monitoring pests involves: 1. Regular checking 2. Proper identification of pests
  10. 10. Assessing the pest situation Assessment is the process of determining the potential for pest populations to reach an action threshold. There are five basic factors considered when setting action thresholds 1. Economics. 2. Health and safety concerns. 3. Aesthetic concerns. 4. Public opinion. 5. Legal requirements.
  11. 11. Taking action Once a pest has reached either an economic threshold, or intolerable level, action should be taken. 1. Cultural Controls are those that disrupt the environment of the pest 2. Physical Barriers 3. Biological Controls - conserving or releasing natural enemies 4. Chemical control
  12. 12. Why Practice IPM? Many IPM practices are used before a pest problem develops to prevent or hinder the buildup of pests. Reliance on Pesticides can be Problematic. Pesticides are not always effective when used as a singular control tactic. Pests can become resistant to pesticides.
  13. 13. Why Practice IPM? • Promote a Healthy Environment. The definition of IPM promotes a careful consideration of all pest control options with protection of the environment a key goal. • Maintain a Good Public Image. A thoughtful approach to pest control, which protects the environment and provides safe living conditions, is a basic goal of IPM.
  14. 14. QUESTIONS? Source:

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