Terra Preta of the Amazon

No char
Poor soil

(Biochar +)
Terra preta
great soil!

Charcoal in Soils is 3500 year
old tech...
Biochar is Charcoal
(Biochar is defined by the IBI as stable charcoal for use in soils).
straw & stover
Forest fuel reduction tree thinning

Biochar is made from
Sustainable
Feedstocks
(sustainably sourced mater...
Pyrolized - (heated in
a low oxygen environment)
that are
1.
2.
3.

generating heat and/or power,
with low emissions (clea...
Stable Carbon
60% or more

Small fraction of
Labile (changable)

Organics. + Ash

Biochars pass rigorous Carbon
stability ...
Biochar’s structure makes it great for soils!
Biochar is porous.
It absorbs water, soil
nutrients & fertilizers
The surfac...
Hawaii Biochar

Biochar Supreme

New England Small Farm Institute

and plants LOVE composted char!

Peru kitchen garden

h...
Give biochar to farmers, and they get results!

Hawaii Biochar, Composted Trial with Pacific Biodiesel’s Project on Oahu

...
Biochar is stable carbon returned to the soil.

pyrolysis

Carbon cycle graphics U.S. Department of Energy Genomic Science...
and a transparent and reliable method
for carbon accounting for biochar projects is
close to completion, after years of
ha...
It has been in the news….

but, can biochar REALLY save the Planet?
Realistically, biomass and biochar is a small
part of our total US energy picture
Carbon Positive

Carbon Neutral

but it ...
We should use biochar

technology strategically,

take advantage of its strengths, and get the
best possible value out of
...
Use biochar with high value crops
and get better drought tolerance, germination,
quality, and yield.

Extra value: Clean W...
Use Biochar to adsorb Metals: Cu, Zn

Biochar in improved rain filters, is an
easy way to comply w/ water regulations.

Mo...
Do something great with Manure (CAFOs)

Combined heat and biochar systems convert manure into
useful biochar, and use burn...
Biochar + Compost turns Rock into Soil.

Hope Mine Restoration biochar + turns mine tailings into healthy re-growth.

In t...
Combined Heat and Biochar Systems

turn forest fire reduction slash
piles into heat for schools,
hospitals, and businesses...
Combined Heat and Biochar for Greenhouses

Doug Williams and Tom Jopsen and the Shasta Class gasifier at Cal Forest, N. Ca...
There’s always room for more biochar…
US Biochar Initiative
Biochar-US.org

International Biochar Initiative
biochar-inter...
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Erin Rasmussen Biochar talk from Ignite Portland 12

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Can Biochar Save the Planet? well, maybe not, but it is a really cool old/new technology with great applications - some of which can be carbon negative! all the detail you may have missed from the Ignite Portland Talk.

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  • Thank you Michael. I'm aware of Cool Planet. In our area, there are a couple of other biochar suppliers, of course you know of Black Owl and Biocharm, and there are some great smaller suppliers in Oregon. There are also wonderful smaller scale applications heat, biochar, and farm management that also replace fossil fuel sources with locally sourced renewable energy. :-)
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  • Erin;
    Great Material! I wanted to let you know that 'IBI is pleased to announce the certification of the first biochar material in our recently launched IBI Biochar Certification Program. Cool Planet Energy Systems, a California-based developer of small-scale bio-refineries for the conversion of non-food biomass into biofuels and biochar, can now utilize the IBI Certified Biochar Seal™ on its Cool Terra™ biochar product.
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  • Oops! The photo credits didn't get uploaded with the slides:
    Many thanks to:
    Tom Miles, Josiah Hunt, Hawaii Biochar, International Biochar Initiative, Jock Gill, Marcus Kauffman, Renel Anderson, Murukesan Krishnapillai, Karen Rebiero, Pam Miles, Jody Rose, Sunmark Envoronmnental, Coaltec, US DOE Genomic Science Program, Oregon Department of Forestry, Technology Review Graphiti May/June 2010, Aspen Center for Envoronmental Studies, Tom Jopsen, Jeff Wallins

    graphene AlexanderAlUS SEM The Biochar Project – Dolphe Cook
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Erin Rasmussen Biochar talk from Ignite Portland 12

  1. 1. Terra Preta of the Amazon No char Poor soil (Biochar +) Terra preta great soil! Charcoal in Soils is 3500 year old technology, still in use today Terra Preta photos from Peru, where it is found in ancient soils, and in modern gardens.
  2. 2. Biochar is Charcoal (Biochar is defined by the IBI as stable charcoal for use in soils).
  3. 3. straw & stover Forest fuel reduction tree thinning Biochar is made from Sustainable Feedstocks (sustainably sourced materials) switchgrass & post consumer paper manure
  4. 4. Pyrolized - (heated in a low oxygen environment) that are 1. 2. 3. generating heat and/or power, with low emissions (clean air is important) and high quality char = stable char
  5. 5. Stable Carbon 60% or more Small fraction of Labile (changable) Organics. + Ash Biochars pass rigorous Carbon stability testing! Biochar is mostly stable carbon (1000+ years) Biochar is mostly composted of stable graphene sheets With SEM see structure from the original material.
  6. 6. Biochar’s structure makes it great for soils! Biochar is porous. It absorbs water, soil nutrients & fertilizers The surface adsorbs (sticks to) metals, micronutrients and toxins. It’s charcoal; it filters the soil and provides a good home for beneficial microorganisms. Farmers using biochar report their plants do better during droughts!
  7. 7. Hawaii Biochar Biochar Supreme New England Small Farm Institute and plants LOVE composted char! Peru kitchen garden happy worms New England Small Farm Institute control | biochar+
  8. 8. Give biochar to farmers, and they get results! Hawaii Biochar, Composted Trial with Pacific Biodiesel’s Project on Oahu Control (no char) Composted biochar Control: 1.4 lbs Biochar: 9 lbs (6.4x control) There are over 1140 articles in scientific journals studying plants and Biochar.
  9. 9. Biochar is stable carbon returned to the soil. pyrolysis Carbon cycle graphics U.S. Department of Energy Genomic Science program and the website http://genomicscience.energy.gov. biochar projects can be carbon negative
  10. 10. and a transparent and reliable method for carbon accounting for biochar projects is close to completion, after years of hard work by International Biochar Initiative already provides trusted 3rd party biochar certification.
  11. 11. It has been in the news…. but, can biochar REALLY save the Planet?
  12. 12. Realistically, biomass and biochar is a small part of our total US energy picture Carbon Positive Carbon Neutral but it can still be part of a carbon negative solution.
  13. 13. We should use biochar technology strategically, take advantage of its strengths, and get the best possible value out of carbon negative solutions.
  14. 14. Use biochar with high value crops and get better drought tolerance, germination, quality, and yield. Extra value: Clean Water 2013 field test of Blueberries with biochar showed improved sugar (brix), plant health, and yield. Biochar traps fertilizers, urea, and micronutrients, in the root zone of plants, away from river systems, resulting in healthier fish and riparian ecosystems.
  15. 15. Use Biochar to adsorb Metals: Cu, Zn Biochar in improved rain filters, is an easy way to comply w/ water regulations. Most rain gardens and improved storm systems clear the water, but don’t have a way to filter metals that hurt fish, like Copper and Zinc. Biochar sticks to the metals, dramatically improving the rain filter.
  16. 16. Do something great with Manure (CAFOs) Combined heat and biochar systems convert manure into useful biochar, and use burning manure to fuel the process.
  17. 17. Biochar + Compost turns Rock into Soil. Hope Mine Restoration biochar + turns mine tailings into healthy re-growth. In the Northwest, native plant communities are reestablished using a blend of biochar + compost to restore road cuts and other disturbed areas.
  18. 18. Combined Heat and Biochar Systems turn forest fire reduction slash piles into heat for schools, hospitals, and businesses. Combining the value of Heat & Biochar can make renewable energy systems feasible for remote communities. Existing & Planned Biomass Thermal Source: Oregon Dept of Forestry Extra value: healthier soils and rural jobs.
  19. 19. Combined Heat and Biochar for Greenhouses Doug Williams and Tom Jopsen and the Shasta Class gasifier at Cal Forest, N. California What do you grow in a greenhouse heated with sustainable forest products? Baby trees! Forest seedlings trials in compost plus biochar.
  20. 20. There’s always room for more biochar… US Biochar Initiative Biochar-US.org International Biochar Initiative biochar-international.org Biochar Mailing lists biochar.bioenergylists.org PNW Biochar Working Group (for NW Biochar Producers) nwbiochar.org Science Direct sciencedirect.com keyword biochar Erin Rasmussen & Tom Miles TR Miles Technical Consultants Inc. http://trmiles.com

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